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A Southern View

Crop Observations from Southern Illinois
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Brownstown Agronomy Research Center Cover Crop Field Day - Nov. 13

Posted by Robert Bellm -

University of Illinois Extension and the Fayette County SWCD are hosting a Cover Crop Field Day on Thursday, November 13, 2014 from 9:00 - 11:00 a.m. The field day will be held at the U of I Brownstown Agronomy Research Center, 1588 IL 185, Brownstown, IL (Directions here). The field day will include tou...

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Soybean Aphid Monitoring Begins

Posted by Robert Bellm -

The picture shown above is not a rocket, and it's not an artillery piece. It's actually a specialized suction trap designed to capture various aphid species, including soybean aphid. A network of these traps, coupled with observations from field scouting, will be used to monitor soybean aphid populations throughout the summer. Soybean aphids overwinter on buckthorn, which is a woody ...

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Nitrogen Loss Under Wet Field Conditions

Posted by Robert Bellm -

Periodic thunderstorms have rolled through the state in the past month, and continue to do so today. The spacial variability of these precipitation events serve to remind me that, while climate indicates a general trend, weather is often a very localized event. This is emphasized by the May 28 USDA Weather & Crop Report , which indicates that 89 percent of the corn crop statewide has b...

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More on Wheat Diseases - Fusarium Head Blight

Posted by Robert Bellm -

Following up on yesterday's blog entry, Dr. Carl Bradley has written another Bulletin article on Fusarium head blight (FHB) of wheat. FHB, also commonly referred to as "scab" is the most serious wheat disease that we potentially deal with each year. Not only can it seriously reduce yield and test weight, grain...

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Be on the Lookout for Wheat Diseases

Posted by Robert Bellm -

Depending upon where you are located in the southern third of the state, wheat development ranges from Feekes Growth Stage 9 (flag leaf fully emerged), to approaching Feekes Growth Stage 10.5 (heading complete, but not flowering). This is a critical time period for wheat development, and fields should be carefully scouted to monitor for fungal leaf and head diseases. On May 3, Dr. Carl Bradley wro...

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Further Signs that Spring is in the Air

Posted by Robert Bellm -

After a few days of sunshine, steady breezes, and almost pleasant temperatures, most of the ponded water in fields has either evaporated or finally soaked into the ground. The soil surface certainly can't be called dry, but it has become firm enough that we could get into the fields without cutting ruts and apply nitrogen to the various wheat trials here at the research center. Wheat development t...

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Wheat Observations

Posted by Robert Bellm -

Last year at this time soils were dry, temperatures were in the 80's, and growers in southern and central Illinois were pulling into the fields with corn planters. Flash forward 12 months and we have standing water in many fields, and potential snow flurries predicted for early next week. As a result, there is zero field work occurring other than some wheat nitrogen applications in fields that...

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