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Program Coordinator, Master Naturalist
University of Illinois Extension
4747 Lincoln Mall Drive
Matteson, IL 60443
Master Naturalists in Cook County
Rapid Color Guide Workshops
Would you like to interpret the nature in your neighborhood? Please contact Brigit Holt firstname.lastname@example.org to request a Master Naturalist workshop for your group.
To see Mark Vaughan's account of creating the RCG of Sparrows of the Chicago Region, read on and to see the RCG on the Field Museum, click the link below!
Sparrows Don’t Get No Respect
As the late comedian, Rodney Dangerfield used to say, “I don’t get no respect.” Likewise, sparrows face such disrespectful comments like, “it is only a sparrow,” or worse, they are described as “LBJs,” short for, Little Brown Jobs.
Thus, began my project. During an Illinois Master Naturalist training session at the world renowned
Field Museum of Natural History, conservation ecologist Tatzana Wachter mentioned the Field Rapid Color Guides. These guides are produced and offered on-line by the museum. The wheels started turning in my head, “Why not produce a color guide for sparrows?
After a bit of background research in the various bird guides, there are 19 sparrows that reside or traverse the Chicago region. Some are common year-round residents while others are transient as they migrate through with the seasons.
The next step was to search my photographic archives. I determined I had quite a few which met my needs for the guide. Some photos were not readily available so I compared my travel plans and seasonal bird locations. Quickly I could snap shots of the American Tree Sparrow, Vesper Sparrow and Swamp Sparrows. I was still missing a few images and I received help from Jaculin Bowman at Naturesjoyphotography.com. I also received some missing images with the assistance from Matthew A. Young, collection management leader from the Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. The final missing image came from my college friend, Chuck Tuttle a fellow bird nut. With all the images now complete it was time to start on the captions and labels.
The first determination was to define “common” and “uncommon.” “Common” was used for sparrows that are routinely observed year-round or seen frequently during seasonal migrations. These bird labels are lettered with black. “Uncommon” birds are rarely observed during the calendar year or are only seen during very abbreviated periods during migration. These birds are labeled in red print. The proper common/uncommon designation was determined by a majority opinion from the three major reference guides.
Some comments about the House Sparrows are necessary. This species is in the finch family rather than a sparrow. It is an invasive species and is not protected by the migratory bird safeguards. There are several plusses and minuses that deserve mention. On the positive side, they eat prodigious amounts of harmful insects and weed seeds. On the negative side, they are very aggressive and out-compete native birds for both food supplies and nesting sites. House sparrows can be killers when they compete with less aggressive like bluebirds and chickadees.
I wish to extended a special thanks to the following people:
To my wife, Paula Grist for arising prior to 5 am for a drive to Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge to capture a picture of the Swamp Sparrow at dawn.
To Tatzana Wachter for her guidance, encouragement and help producing the Field Rapid Color Guide.
Next to photographer Jaculin Bowman and Chuck Tuttle for sharing some of their fantastic photo successes and finally to Macaulay Library’s Matthew A. Young at the Macaulay Library for providing three missing images needed to complete the project.
This guide will help identifying those “LBJs” next time you are out on a hike or watching sparrows around your bird feeder.