The 2011 4-H fair books have been provided to the leaders. These contain information for exhibit requirements so youth can begin work on their fair projects. Project entries have been mailed to members. 4-H Entry Forms were generated from the 4-H Projects Form members completed when they enrolled and are due in our office June 13 by 4:30 pm.
Mini Fair—June 27th 2011
4-H Fair—July 11-15
What is Conference Judging?
During Conference Judging
Listen carefully to the judge so you can understand and learn from any suggestions he/ she might have. Though you may not always agree with the judge‟s comments, they can be very helpful and help you learn about your project.
When your 4-H exhibit is judged, it is judged against quality standards, not compared with other 4-H'ers projects. For example, if the ex-hibit was marshmallow cereal treats; the judge would look to see if you had mixed all the in-gredients together so no cereal is without marshmallow covering and if the three squares were of equal size. It doesn‟t matter how your cereal treats compare to others. All 4-H‟ers that enter could receive an "A" rating if they all had measured, mixed and carefully prepared their cereal treats. The judge evaluates your exhibit against these quality standards, not his/her per-sonal whim or taste. The standards are high, but attainable. Ask the extension office for a copy of the standards for your particular exhibit. This will help you understand what the judge is measuring your exhibit against. Exhibits that meet standards receive a blue rating, those that need improvement receive a red rating, and those exhibits that need much improvement receive a white rating.
What questions might the judge ask?
What was your project goal, and how did you achieve it?
What was the most important thing you learned?
How did you do it (processes, steps, plans)?
What changes would you make if you could do this again?
What was the most difficult part? What was the easiest part?
Why did you choose this?
What caused you the most problems?
How did you improve your skills?
What would you like to do next year?
Many questions will be specifically about the project area/subject matter. Don't forget to have fun!
Congratulations to top BBQ ticket sales win-ners Erin Curley, Riley Smith and Nicolas Tor-rance and club winner: 4-H Goal Diggers. Thank you to everyone who assisted with the BBQ. REMINDER: If you still have money from ticket sales, please turn it into the office as soon as possible.
Western corn rootworms
Western corn rootworm larvae typically begin to hatch during Memorial Day weekend celebrations. Above-normal temperatures for the remainder of May could accelerate this time line, Gray said. In general, late planting tends to reduce the likelihood of economic infestations of corn rootworms.
"During the past few days (May 7 to 11), corn planting has been progressing at a very impressive clip across many areas of the state," he said. "At this point, unless corn planting is set back again due to a prolonged stretch of wet weather, I don't believe the slow pace of planting will affect western corn rootworm densities this growing season."
Fields that have been tilled and planted late this spring are more susceptible to black cutworm injury. Corn is at most risk when planted into fields that have supported dense populations of winter annual weeds. Gray said he has seen many fields that match this description this spring.
"Don't be lulled into complacency just because a Bt hybrid has been planted," he warned. "Large infestations of black cutworms (anticipated this spring) can potentially overwhelm certain Bt hybrids. I urge producers to look for early signs of leaf feeding to assess the potential threat of cutting."
European corn borers
Although few growers worry about this pest anymore, Gray said early planting tends to favor the establishment of the first generation. Late planting increases potential problems with the second generation.
Bean leaf beetles
Bean leaf beetle establishment is affected by many factors, including their ability to overwinter as adults beneath plant debris in wooded or sheltered areas, Gray said. Although many areas in Illinois experienced very cold temperatures this past winter, snowfall was abundant and likely provided a blanket of insulation.
"As bean leaf beetles break their dormancy and begin emerging from their overwintering sites, they often first fly to alfalfa fields," he said. "Early-planted soybean fields are most at risk to early-season bean leaf beetle feeding. Because soybean planting will be later this season, I don't anticipate large economic infestations of this insect this spring. Any early-planted and isolated field of soybeans located near a wooded area is always at risk to bean leaf beetle injury."
Soybean aphid densities were very low throughout Illinois in 2010. In fact, suction trap counts in September and October of last year were exceptionally low, Gray said. These sub-economic adult densities led to very few eggs on its overwintering host, buckthorn.
"I anticipate a very weak flight of aphids to soybean fields this spring," he said. "The late planting of soybeans will further contribute to a downward spiral of aphid densities early in the season. If the summer of 2011 is mild, aphid densities could certainly rebound by late season. The reproductive power of this insect is impressive. A hot summer may result in another "no-show" for this insect."
White grubs and wireworms
In general, delays in corn planting negatively affect densities of these soil insect pests. If planting has occurred and seedlings are subjected to prolonged periods of cool and wet soil conditions, increased levels of root injury by white grubs and feeding on below-ground portions of the stem may occur by wireworms.
"As soil temperatures increase, wireworm larvae typically begin to move deeper into the soil profile and away from the seed zone", Gray said. "Corn that is planted later in the month into soils that are becoming progressively warmer may not experience as much wireworm injury."
Annual white grubs, such as Japanese beetle grubs, typically complete pupation by late May and early June. Consequently, their potential to injure late-planted corn is greatly diminished the further planting is delayed in May. However, true white grubs have a three-year life cycle and may injure corn root systems all summer long the second year of their life cycle. Accurate identification of grub species is key to their effective management, Gray said.
Corn earworms, corn leaf aphids, and fall armyworms
Many insects migrate into the Midwest each year. However, it's a bit too early to determine how the planting may affect densities of corn earworms, corn leaf aphids, and fall armyworms, Gray said.
"Corn may reach the pollination period at a later date in July this season, typically a period of the summer more prone to hot and dry conditions," he said. "These insects may reach economic densities on corn plants growing under more stressful conditions this year. Time will tell."
For more information on late planting and insect pests, read the May 12 edition of The Bulletin online at http://bulletin.ipm.illinois.edu/.
The cicadas migrate up in the soil profile and begin to emerge in mid-May. This can cause concerns for newly planted trees. The female cicadas begin to lay eggs about a week after they emerge. The female will cut a small slit into branches or twigs of trees in which to lay her eggs. The cicada nymphs will emerge from those slits, drop to the ground, and tunnel lower in the soil profile. There they will spend their 13 years underground feeding on root systems. Fortunately, they do not cause any harm from their root feeding.
Because cicadas can be so numerous in some locations, small trees—especially young trees that have an abundance of small limbs and twigs—can be overwhelmed and damage can result. If enough egg laying occurs on a limb, the limb can fall off. Again, it is mainly smaller, newly planted trees that are at risk because those are the preferred sites for egg laying.
Some folks delay planting of new trees until the fall of a cicada year just to reduce potential problems. Others may elect to use a row cover to physically prevent the cicadas from reaching the young tree. Others may elect to use a residual insecticide to prevent injury to their small trees.
Of course, cicada pressure will relate to what kind of vegetation was around 13 years ago. If the site was a field, then you really will not experience much in the way of cicada pressure because there were no trees there at the time of egg laying. If, however, the site was in a setting with numerous trees 13 years ago, there could be some fairly heavy pressure.
· If you are registered for both disciplines, you will need to bring a sack lunch. There is only a 30 minute break between each session.
· Do not bring your own shooting sport items as we will provide the items you will need
· Arrive on time (Meet in the 4-H brown building near the fireplace) & enter through the east door by the kitchen. Do not enter the auditorium. First session will begin at 9:30 am and conclude at noon and the afternoon session will begin at 12:30 and conclude at 3:00pm
· Youth please turn your cells phones OFF during the instruction session!
· Any questions please contact the office—837-3939
Those registered for this June 11th training will receive email confirmation
· You received 4-H Fair registration/entry forms in the mail in May
· NEW MEMBERS: Club leaders are available to help you complete your fair entries when needed. Tessa Hobbs-Curley, Youth Development Educator, is also available to help and answer any questions. Call ahead to the Extension Office if you would like an appointment.
· Entries are due Monday, June 13 by 4:30 pm.
· Late entries will not be accepted
· You will receive your entry tags in the mail.
· IMMEDIATELY check your entry tags & livestock entries for errors. This is your responsibility.
· If you are participating in the Mini Fair, call to schedule a time to exhibit your project. We begin at 1:00 pm.
Club/Group Report due August 15th:
4-H Award Applications due August 31st:
Standards of Excellence Members
Standard of Excellence Clubs
Rules and guidelines for completing Award Applications are found in the back section of the 4-H Show Book. Award winners from these applications will receive awards at the Achievement Program during awards program
· Horses—June 9, 2011
· Beef, Dairy, Goats, Sheep Swine & Poultry—June 15, 2011 please note this is earlier than in the past years
You only have to take the quiz once! The website is: http://web.extension.uiuc.edu/qaec. If you do not have a computer at home, you may make an appointment to complete the clinic in the Extension office. If you try to register for State Fair entries without this training, you will not be accepted!
· June 11—Annual 4-H Equine Challenge Show at Rock 'N A Ranch, Charleston, Illinois
· June 15: Quality Assurance & Ethics Training deadline for 1st time Beef, Sheep, Swine, Dairy, Goat, Poultry exhibitors.
· Illinois State Fair Exhibitors must submit own entries prior to June 9th
· Horse Entries—June 9
· All other Livestock Entries—July 1
· Dog Entries—August 1 (with qualifying score sheet signed by judge)
· General Project Entries—we will continue to submit
Other changes to note:
· Due to building deterioration, Judging will no longer be allowed in the Jr. Home Economics-Dorm Building. Locations and times will be released to the Extension office at a later date. DORM UPDATE: We will be able to use the WEST WING of the Jr Dept dorm. SLEEPING SPACE WILL BE AVAILABLE FOR AUGUST 9-14.
· Exhibits in the following project areas WILL NOT BE JUDGED: Communications, electronics, Journalism, and Performance Showcase.
There are many more changes being made to the 4-H General Projects section of the State Fair. Please make sure to read the project requirements in your fair book thoroughly before entering your exhibit!
bonefide exhibitor at the State Fair Junior Show in the species for which he/she is entering. This is a skill-a-thon competition, with various stations of quizzes, judging, etc. There is a chance to win one of 25 $1,000 college scholarships that will be awarded. Register by July 1, 2011. For more details and form go to:
http://www.agr.state.il.us/isf/premium/junior.pdf, pages 41-44
Congratulations to the following graduates:
It started slowly with the introduction of ATM cards and debit cards. Then, some cutting-edge banks allowed us to bank-by-phone. Today, the pact of change in the financial world is dizzying.
It can take awhile to adopt new habits. Have you tried these? These relatively new ways of handling money save time and may help you manage yoru finances more easily.
An online account can be very helpful to people who live in different locations during the year whether they are college students or snowbirds. Plus, it's available 24/7. You might like to try these:
Do you use the self-serve checkout at the grocery store? Financial habits, like most habits, take time to become accustomed to and require practice.
Can you identify a financial habit or two that you'd like to add to your life? Here are a few more to consider:
Not all new ways of handling finances fit each person's needs. It's wise to evaluate both the pros and cons before adopting new practices. But you may find that newer ways of doing things pay dividends. For example, when you manage your financial accounts online, you're free to shop for better interest rates even if the bank is in another state. Having bills automatically debited from your checking account can assure that you never pay another late fee. In our complex daily lives, finding ways to simplify our financial "life" is a Plus.
Visit University of Illinois' blog at www.extension.illinois.edu/go/Retire Well
"For many people, prescription bone-building medicines should be a last resort," said Karen Chapman-Novakofski, a U of I professor of nutrition and co-author of a literature review published in a recent issue of Nutrients.
The study reported that adults who increase their intake of calcium and vitamin D usually increase bone mineral density and reduce the risk for hip fracture significantly. These results were often accomplished through supplements, but food is also a good source of these nutrients, she said.
"I suspect that many doctors reach for their prescription pads because they believe it's unlikely that people will change their diets," she noted.
The scientist said that prescription bone-building medications are expensive, and many have side effects, including ironically an increase in hip fractures and jaw necrosis. They should be used only if diet and supplements don't do the trick.
"Bisphosphonates, for instance, disrupt normal bone remodeling by shutting down the osteoclasts—the cells that break down old bone to make new bone. When that happens, new bone is built on top of old bone. Yes, your bone density is higher, but the bone's not always structurally sound," she said.
A bone density test measures quantity, not quality, of bone. "Although the test reports that you're fine or doing better, you may still be at risk for a fracture," said Chapman-Novakofski.
A woman in midlife can get enough calcium in her diet without gaining weight, said lead author Karen Plawecki, director of the U of I's dietetics program. "Menopausal women should consume 1,200 milligrams of calcium a day. Three glasses of 1 percent to skim milk will get you up too 900 milligrams. The rest can easily be obtained through calcium-rich and calcium-fortified foods," Plawecki said.
The researchers also looked at the effects of dietary protein, vitamin K, soy, and sodium in their literature review. The new USDA food pyramid guidelines recommend that Americans decrease their sodium intake.
"Following a low-sodium diet does seem to have a positive effect on bone density. Some people have the habit of adding a generous sprinkle of salt to most foods before eating, but there's more involved here than learning not to do that. You have to choose different foods," Plawecki said.
Smoked or processed meats, bacon, lunch meat, and processed foods all contain a lot of sodium and could sabotage bone health. "Cheese is also very high in sodium so try to get your calcium some other way more often," Plawecki said
She recommends a "portfolio diet" that contains a number of nutrients, not just extra calcium and vitamin D. For bone health, the researchers also encourage consuming adequate protein, less sodium, and more magnesium and potassium. 'That can be done by following a diet that's high in fruits and vegetables, has adequate calcium and protein, and is light on salt," she said.
Chapman-Novakofski noted that the National Osteoporosis Foundation recommends more physical activity. She suggests a combination of aerobic, strength, balance, and flexibility exercises with a focus on improving your core muscles so you can catch yourself if you start to fall. Whatever sort of exercise you're doing, you have to introduce new forms of activity every so often because your bones will stop responding to the same old routine and rebuilding will slow, she said. Plawecki and Chapman-Novakofski set out to determine the impact of dietary, supplemental, and educational interventions over the last 10 years and reached their conclusions after reviewing 219 articles in scientific journals.
For more information, visit their website about osteoporosis at http://urbanext.illinois.edu/osteoporosis/