Illinois Pesticide Review
November / December 2015
In This Issue
Good Things to Know for a Simplified Registration and Licensure Process
2015 Commercial and Private clinic schedules.
Letters received from Illinois Department of Agriculture (IDA)
If you haven't received your retest letter or renewal application from the Illinois Department of Agriculture (IDA), you should soon. If you need to test this year, you should receive a letter. Please bring the letter with you to the test site. The information included on the letter will streamline the paperwork required prior to taking your exams.
Your Social Security Number (not card) will be needed when you take the test. Testing is required every 3 years; however, Commercial (not Private) licenses must be renewed yearly (expire 12/31). For renewals, fill out the enclosed application form and mail the specified payment to IDA.
IDA does not take debit or credit cards. Some companies have expressed concern because they do not have a checking account. Alternate payment options include using a money order or personal check and being reimbursed. Universities may use account transfers. Please plan accordingly and allow for extra time that may be needed for paperwork.
For testing only (without training), it is recommended that you either attend a Test Only clinic or schedule an appointment with IDA at DeKalb (815) 787-5476 or Springfield (217) 785- 2427. Walk-ins for testing at training clinics will be seated as space allows. Attendance at training will guarantee a saved seat for testing.
Test early to have your license when you need it!
The IDA encourages applicators and operators to test early in the year and not wait until the last minute as there are hundreds of people taking exams each month.
Passing the exam does NOT make you licensed. You cannot apply pesticides until the IDA receives a check and a completed application. Afterwards, the IDA will mail your license to your employer's address. Only then are you licensed to apply pesticides.
Have a New Employer?
The IL Pesticide Act requires you to inform IDA at 800-641-3934.
Important Training and Testing Information
For Training Clinics:
• Commercial (toll free) 800-644-2123 or 217-244-2123
• Private (toll free) 877-626-1650
• Website (Commercial and Private) http://www.pesticidesafety.illinois.edu
• or consult the (Commercial or Private) schedule mailed to you from IDA
For Test Only Clinics:
• Commercial (toll free) 800-644-2123 or 217-244-2123, http://www.pesticidesafety.illinois.edu
• Private: Contact the individual site. For the name and number, refer to http://www.pesticidesafety.illinois.edu (Private Section) or consult the Private schedule mailed to you from IDA
• Private Clinics: Training 8:00 am-11:30 am; Testing 11:45 am-2:00 pm
• Commercial Clinics:
– General Standards training: 8:00 am-11:30 am
– Categories and Testing: refer to http://www.pesticidesafety.illinois.edu or the blue schedule booklet.
• Testing only (Private and Commercial both) is free
• Training Clinics:
Private $40 (Online training is $15)
– Dealer $100
– Applicator $60
– Operator $40
– Public1 Applicator $20
– Public1 Operator $15
– Commercial not-for-hire2 Applicator $20
– Commercial not-for-hire2 Operator $15Michelle Wiesbrook and Patty Bingaman
1) Public Examples: County forest preserves, municipalities, public golf courses, etc.
2) Commercial Not-For-Hire Examples: Building services for corporate complexes, schools, grounds maintenance, private golf courses, large greenhouses, etc. (apply on property of their employer only).
Household Pest Control Through Time
Control of household pests has changed considerably over the last 50 years, both outdoors and indoors. There has been a fine-tuning of methods and products over the years, which has reduced exposure to pesticides but may have resulted in an inadvertent increase in some pests.
Chlordane came on the market in the late 1950s and was soon accepted as a long-lasting, wide-spectrum insecticide. Applied to the outside foundation and adjacent foot of soil, it provided a barrier to keep out pests such as crickets, earwigs, and ground beetles for an entire growing season and was generally recommended as an annual treatment. In the 1960s it was available as a mop water additive to leave a film of insecticide across kitchen floors and along baseboards.
In the 1980s, chlordane went the way of other long-lasting hydrochlorine insecticides, and most uses were eliminated by EPA. The last major use was in termite control. However, it was found that detectable residues of chlordane remained in the air of houses for years after proper application, and research animals developed cancer when exposed to chlordane. Termite uses were cancelled in 1987.
Diazinon and chlorpyrifos, organophosphate insecticides, replaced most chlordane uses in the 1970s and 1980s. Both were used as indoor baseboard treatments to control cockroaches, silverfish, and other indoor insect pests, lasting about a month. Killmaster was a commercially available chlorpyrifos formulation in a varnish that lasted for 6 months to one year, depending on content. The varnish base allowed a longer residual life and protected the residue from being washed away by daily mopping in commercial kitchens. Application was more precise than with chlordane and still provided a high level of control by treating those areas where these pests spend most of their time. This greatly reduced the amount of insecticide applied.
Outdoor foundation sprays used diazinon, which lasted about one month. Rather than one application per year as with chlordane, recommendations changed to one or two fall applications when insects commonly invade houses. After the Food Quality Protection Act of 1996, usage of many pesticides was reduced due to modified risk analyses, including elimination of the use of diazinon and chlorpyrifos for residential uses except for chlorpyrifos in termite control.
Pyrethroid insecticides, which had been commonly used for much of this time, became the insecticides primarily used in general household insect control. Permethrin, beta-cyfluthrin, bifenthrin, cyfluthrin, esfenvalerate, and lambda-cyhalothrin are currently recommended for outdoor foundation treatment as they do not break down in contact with soil as quickly as other pyrethroids. Pyrethroids are the primary indoor crack and crevice indoor insecticides. However, indoor insect pest control shifted in the 1990s from baseboard and other crack and crevice treatments to non-pyrethroid baits that target specific pests using much less insecticide.
The increase in bed bugs has been linked to these changes in insecticide use. It is thought that the widespread use of organophosphate insecticides such as diazinon and chlorpyrifos indoors provided collateral control of bed bugs. The transition to baits from more widespread application apparently provided better survival options for them. Although other insects have become resistant to organophosphates, none has been found in bed bugs. In the 1940s and 1950s, heavy use of DDT resulted in bed bug resistance to this insecticide. Pyrethroids have a similar mode of action in killing pests, resulting in bed bugs quickly becoming resistant to them as well.Phil Nixon
Rights-of-Way Manual Revised
2015 Rights-of-Way Manual.
The Illinois Pesticide Safety Education Rights-of-Way Manual has been revised and is now available at the University of Illinois Pesticide Safety Education Program web site, http://www.pesticidesafety.illinois.edu or from http://www.pubsplus.illinois.edu. The cost is $15 each plus shipping and handling for this 72-page manual.
All of the chapters have been revised, with extensive revisions to the Application Equipment and Calibration chapter. Color photos have been added throughout the manual, replacing many line drawings in the previous version. A brief section on Natural Areas has been included as well as updated lists of species declared as noxious and exotic.
This manual was designed to provide information for vegetation managers using pesticides in the maintenance of noncrop areas, such as driveways, sidewalks, public paths, storage yards, public roads, natural areas, electric powerlines, pipelines, and railway rights-of-way. It also serves as a study manual for persons wishing to become certified in Illinois as Commercial or Public Rights-of-Way Pest Control Applicators.This manual contains management suggestions for controlling unwanted vegetation (weeds). Also included are the types of pesticide application equipment used in right-of-way areas and the methods of calibrating this equipment.
Illinois Department of Agriculture Pesticide Clean Sweep Program 2015
In 2015, the Illinois Department of Agriculture along with the Illinois Department of Public Health conducted an agricultural/structural pesticide clean sweep program collection for the residents of Calhoun, Cass, Greene, Jersey, Morgan, Pike, and Scott counties. Local sponsors included county Farm Bureau offices, University of Illinois Extension offices and Soil and Water Conservation District offices.
The collection was held on September 9, 2015 at the Crop Production Services facility in White Hall, IL. Of the 30 registered participants, 26 registered participants brought in a total of 6,396 pounds of unwanted pesticides to the collection. The single day collection was a success.
All chemicals collected during this program were registered with the Department prior to the actual collection date. By pre-registering the products, the Department was able to determine which products were eligible for collection. The majority of products turned away from the collection were not pesticides. These items included crop oil, surfactants, stickers, foaming agents, etc. Each participant received a response letter indicating the time, date, and location of the collection along with a listing of their chemicals which were to be brought to the collection for disposal.
Heritage-WTI, Inc. was the Department of Agriculture's contractor for this year's collection. They collected waste from 8:30 a.m. until 1:00 p.m. No accidents or spills occurred during the collection. Heritage – WTI, Inc. certifies that all chemicals were handled in compliance with all applicable local, state, and federal laws and regulations.
Following are approximate totals of some of the active ingredients that were collected: 219 pounds of compounds containing 2, 4-D; 46 pounds of acetochlor; 46 pounds of acephate; 72 pounds of alachlor; 910 pounds of atrazine; 47 pounds of bentazon; 112 pounds of butylate; 37 pounds of captan; 4.5 pounds of carbofuran; 195 pounds of chlorpyrifos; 27 pounds of clethodim; 310 pounds of clomazone; 56 pounds of cyanazine; 67 pounds of cyhalothrin; 69 pounds of dicamba; 9 pounds of dicofol; 19 pounds of diflufenzopyr; 76 pounds of dimethenamid; 94 pounds of diuron; 22 pounds of ferbam; 13 pounds of ethalfluralin; 53 pounds of fluazifop-P-butyl; 36 pounds of fomesafen; 34 pounds of imazaquin; 23 pounds of malathion; 422 pounds of metolachlor; 40 pounds of metribuzin; 4.2 pounds of nicosulfuron; 27 pounds of oryzalin; 51 pounds of paraquat; 112 pounds of pendimethalin and 29 pounds of permethrin. The complete list of compounds and amounts collected are attached.
Source: Press release from the Illinois Department of Agriculture