Illinois Pesticide Review
January / February 2016
In This Issue
Aquatics Manual Revised
We are pleased to announce that the Illinois Pesticide Safety Education Aquatics Manual (SP39-6) has been revised and is now available at the University of Illinois Pesticide Safety Education Program web site, http://www.pesticidesafety.illinois.edu or from http://www.pubsplus.illinois.edu. The cost for this 83-page manual is $15 each plus shipping and handling. All chapters have been revised, with extensive revisions to the Chemical Application Methods, Equipment, and Techniques chapter.
Color photos have been added throughout the manual – many are updates to older black-and-white ones found in the previous version. Sections on cooling tower algae and harmful algal blooms (HAB) have been included as well as a list of species included in the Injurious Species Code. Aquatic weed prevention outreach and awareness resources have been added. Newer laws that call for properly cleaning boats and trailers and applying for permit coverage to protect water quality are also discussed.
This manual was designed to provide information for aquatic managers using pesticides in the management of vegetation and fish. It also serves as a study manual for persons wishing to become certified in Illinois as Commercial or Public Aquatic Pest Control Applicators.
This manual focuses primarily on aquatic vegetation management, but fish control methods and fish kill diagnosis are also discussed. The revised manual contains eight in-depth chapters that address (1) aquatic plants, (2) major aquatic plant groups – their habitats and identification, (3) conditions for aquatic plant growth, (4) nonchemical aquatic plant management, (5) chemical aquatic plant management, (6) chemical application methods, equipment, and techniques, (7) fish population management and (8) diagnosis and prevention of fish-related problems. Much information was added to the text of this edition and in many chapters, the revisions are quite substantial.This publication, printed in November 2015, has an accompanying workbook. Please note the workbook has not yet been updated to perfectly accompany the new manual, so page number references are off a bit. The information found in the workbook is still suitable for use in preparing for the Aquatic Pest Control exam. We plan to use existing stocks of the January 2006 workbook in our training clinics.
Michelle Wiesbrook (mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org)
Federal Register Highlights
The following three pesticide-related items were published recently in EPA's Federal Register.
Final Rule Published on Revisions to Minimum Risk Pesticide Exemption
You may be affected by this action if you manufacture, distribute, sell, or use minimum risk pesticide products. Minimum risk pesticide products are exempt from registration and other requirements under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), and are described in 40 CFR 152.25(f).
EPA is revising its regulations to more clearly describe the active and inert ingredients that are permitted in products eligible for the minimum risk pesticide exemption. EPA is improving the clarity and transparency of the minimum risk exemption by codifying the inert ingredients list and by adding specific chemical identifiers, where available, for all eligible active and inert ingredients.
These specific identifiers will make it easier for manufacturers, the public, and Federal, state, and tribal inspectors to determine the specific chemical substances that are permitted in minimum risk pesticide products.
EPA is also modifying the labeling requirements in the exemption to require products to list ingredients on the label with a designated label display name and to provide the producer's contact information on the product's label.
These changes will provide more consistent information for consumers and clearer regulations for producers, and will simplify compliance determination by states, tribes, and EPA.
This final rule is effective February 26, 2016. The compliance date for the requirements to label ingredients with a label display name and to provide company contact information on the label is February 26, 2019.
Comment Period Open for Draft National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Pesticide General Permit for Point Source Discharges From the Application of Pesticides; Reissuance
You may be affected by this action if you apply pesticides to water. You must obtain General National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit coverage from IEPA before aquatic pesticides are applied to or over waters of the State or waters hydrologically connected to waters of the State.
All ten EPA Regions are proposing for public comment the draft 2016 National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) pesticide general permit (PGP)--the ``draft 2016 PGP.'' The draft 2016
PGP covers point source discharges from the application of pesticides to waters of the United States. Once finalized, the draft 2016 PGP will replace the existing permit that will expire at midnight on October 31, 2016. The draft 2016 PGP has the same conditions and requirements as the 2011 PGP and would authorize certain point source discharges from the application of pesticides to waters of the United States in accordance with the terms and conditions described therein.
EPA proposes to issue this permit for five (5) years in all areas of the country where EPA is the NPDES permitting authority. EPA solicits public comment on all aspects of the draft 2016 PGP. This Federal Register notice describes the draft 2016 PGP in general and also includes specific topics about which the Agency is particularly seeking comment. The fact sheet accompanying the permit contains supporting documentation. EPA encourages the public to read the fact sheet to better understand the draft 2016 PGP.
Comments on the draft 2016 PGP must be received on or before
March 11, 2016. Submit your comments at: http://www.regulations.gov.
Registration Review: Conventional, Biopesticide and Antimicrobial Pesticide Dockets
With this document, EPA is opening the public comment period for several registration reviews. Registration review is EPA's periodic review of pesticide registrations to ensure that each pesticide continues to satisfy the statutory standard for registration, that is, the pesticide can perform its intended function without unreasonable adverse effects on human health or the environment.
Registration review dockets contain information that will assist the public in understanding the types of information and issues that the Agency may consider during the course of registration review. Through this program, EPA is ensuring that each pesticide's registration is based on current scientific and other knowledge, including its effects on human health and the environment.
Registrations of pesticides are to be reviewed every 15 years. As directed by FIFRA section 3(g), EPA is reviewing the pesticide registrations identified below. A pesticide's registration review begins when the Agency establishes a docket for the pesticide's registration review case and opens the docket for public review and comment.
Comments must be received on or before March 11, 2016. Submit your comments at: http://www.regulations.gov.
At present, EPA is opening registration review dockets for the cases identified in the following list.
Diphacinone, and salts
Endothall, and salts
Warfarin, and its sodium salt
Buctenopage against Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria, 6510 and Pseudomonas syringae pv.
Michelle Wiesbrook (mailto:email@example.com), taken from the EPA Federal Register on 2/2/16 at:http://www.regulations.gov/#!documentDetail;D=EPA-HQ-OW-2015-0499-0001
Risk Assessments for Insecticides and Pollinators
honey bee adult
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced a preliminary pollinator risk assessment for the neonicotinoid insecticide, imidacloprid, which shows a threat to some pollinators. EPA's assessment, prepared in collaboration with California's Department of Pesticide Regulation, indicates that imidacloprid potentially poses risk to hives when the pesticide comes in contact with certain crops that attract pollinators.
"Delivering on the President's National Pollinator Strategy means EPA is committed not only to protecting bees and reversing bee loss, but for the first time assessing the health of the colony for the neonicotinoid pesticides," said Jim Jones, Assistant Administrator of the Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention. "Using science as our guide, this preliminary assessment reflects our collaboration with the State of California and Canada to assess the results of the most recent testing required by EPA."
The preliminary risk assessment identified a residue level for imidacloprid of 25 ppb (parts per billion), which sets a threshold above which effects on pollinator hives are likely to be seen, and at that level and below which effects are unlikely. These effects include decreases in pollinators and reduced honey production.
For example, data show that citrus and cotton may have residues of the pesticide in pollen and nectar above the threshold level. Other crops such as corn and leafy vegetables either do not produce nectar or have residues below the EPA identified level. Additional data is being generated on these and other crops to help EPA evaluate whether imidacloprid poses a risk to hives.
The imidacloprid assessment is the first of four preliminary pollinator risk assessments for the neonicotinoid insecticides. Preliminary pollinator risk assessments for three other neonicotinoids, clothianidin, thiamethoxam, and dinotefuran, are scheduled to be released for public comment in December 2016.
A preliminary risk assessment of all ecological effects for imidacloprid, including a revised pollinator assessment and impacts on other species such as aquatic and terrestrial animals and plants will also be released in December 2016.
In addition to working with California, EPA coordinated efforts with Canada's Pest Management Regulatory Agency. Canada's Imidacloprid pollinator-only assessment – also released today – reaches the same preliminary conclusions as EPA's report.
The 60-day public comment period will begin upon publication in the Federal Register. After the comment period ends, EPA may revise the pollinator assessment based on comments received and, if necessary, take action to reduce risks from the insecticide.
In 2015, EPA proposed to prohibit the use of pesticides that are toxic to bees, including the neonicotinoids, when crops are in bloom and bees are under contract for pollination services. The Agency temporarily halted the approval of new outdoor neonicotinoid pesticide uses until new bee data is submitted and pollinator risk assessments are complete.
EPA encourages stakeholders and interested members of the public to visit the imidacloprid docket and sign up for email alerts to be automatically notified when the agency opens the public comment period for the pollinator-only risk assessment. The risk assessment and other supporting documents are available in the docket: http://www.regulations.gov/#!docketBrowser;rpp=25;so=DESC;sb=postedDate;po=0;dct=SR;D=EPA-HQ-OPP-2008-0844
EPA is also planning to hold a webinar on the imidacloprid assessment in early February. The times and details will be posted at: http://www.epa.gov/pollinator-protection/how-we-assess-risks-pollinators.Phil Nixon (mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org), slightly modified EPA news release
Volunteers and Herbicide Applications
The Illinois Pesticide Act, Section 250.220, allows volunteers to spray public right-of-way lands to control native and non-native species without a pesticide applicator or operator license. However, there are certain restrictions.
Typically, anyone spraying public areas need a pesticide license. However, the state of Illinois recognizes that many volunteer organizations assist with the maintenance of conservation areas, largely for invasive weed control. Sometimes, mowing and cutting isn't as effective as spraying for larger areas and longer control.
Volunteers CAN spray provided several criteria are met:
1. Volunteers must be trained for at least an hour; training should include a review of each of the herbicide products' labels that will be used, use restrictions of each product, application rates, the specific application methods to be used, first aid, potential environmental hazards, personal protective equipment and any other information deemed appropriate for the safe and effective use of the herbicide products use.
2. Volunteers must be at least 18 years old.
3. The trainer must be a compensated employee of the organization with direct control of the land to be treated. That trainer must have a current Rights-of-Way category applicator license from the IL Dept. of Agriculture.
4. Volunteers cannot receive payment for the application of the herbicides.
5. Volunteers must receive a certificate from the IL Department of Agriculture before they can spray. This means the training should be a week or two before application, to allow for the IL Dept. of Agriculture to process the roster of the participants.
6. The trainer does not have to be present when volunteers are applying herbicides, but it make more sense if they are, or another applicator with Rights-of-Way license.
7. The certification only allows the volunteers to spray. They are not permitted to mix and load the products in the tanks.
8. Certification is good for the calendar year.
9. Products used MUST be general use pesticides; restricted use pesticides cannot be applied by volunteers. Products must contain the signal word CAUTION. All personal protective clothing listed on the labels must be worn.
For more information, refer to: ftp://www.ilga.gov/JCAR/AdminCode/008/008002500002200R.html
David Robson (mailto:email@example.com)