Illinois Pesticide Review
January / February 2017
In This Issue
New Mosquito Manual and Workbook
Mosquito Manual cover 2017.
The revised Illinois Pesticide Safety Education Manual – Mosquito is now available. It contains color photos and illustrations and is similar in length to the previous manual. It is available for purchase for $15 at pesticide safety training clinics, the pesticide safety education website, and the PubsPlus website of Extension publications at http://www.pubsplus.illinois.edu.
The new manual is an extensive update from the previous one published in 2003. Authors of the new edition are Dr. Linn Haramis, Barb O'Meara, and Sam Davis of the Illinois Department of Public Health and Dr. Phil Nixon of the University of Illinois Extension PSEP program. Reviewers are Dr. Roger Nasci, North Shore Mosquito Abatement District, and Dr. Richard Lampman, Illinois Mosquito Control Association, with many of their suggestions incorporated into the new manual.
Significant additions include information on low-cost antigen testing platforms to detect viruses and other disease pathogens in mosquito larvae and adults. Information on new mosquito-vectored virus diseases such as chickungunya, Japanese encephalitis, and Zika is included. Information on Aedes atropalpus and Aedes japonicus, species only recently found in Illinois, is also included.
The new workbook is similar to the previous one with changes in layout and updates to improve its usability and content.
Phil Nixon (mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org)
Ten Policies for Pollinators
The November 25, 2016, issue of the journal Science includes a policy forum suggesting pollinator protective policies for adoption by the world's governments. This follows a global assessment of the state of knowledge about pollinators and pollination by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. They recognized the evidence of large-scale declines of wild pollinators in the United States and Northwest Europe and expressed a need for monitoring of wild pollinators throughout the world.
They recognize that pesticides are the most heavily regulated factors in pollinator decline, but that sufficient regulations to provide pollinator protection are lacking in many countries. The United Nations recently updated the International Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management, but many countries do not follow these guidelines.
Pesticides are only one of several factors contributing to the decline of wild pollinators as evidenced by the following ten policies that this international team of scientists recommend.
1. Raise pesticide regulatory standards.
2. Promote integrated pest management (IPM).
3. Include indirect and sublethal effects in genetically modified (GM) crop risk assessments.
4. Regulate movement of managed pollinators.
5. Develop incentives, such as insurance schemes, to help farmers benefit from ecosystem services instead of agrochemicals.
6. Recognize pollination as an agricultural input in extension services.
7. Support diversified farming systems.
8. Conserve and restore "green infrastructure" (a network of habitats that pollinators can move between) in agricultural and urban landscapes.
9. Develop long-term monitoring of pollinators and pollination.
10. Fund participatory research on improving yields in organic, diversified, and ecologically intensified farming.
The entire article is accessible at http://science.sciencemag.org/content/354/6315/975.full.
Phil Nixon (mailto:email@example.com)
Registration Review of Pyrethrins and Pyrethroids
Household pesticides on store shelves.
EPA has released a draft ecological risk assessment for eight pyrethroids plus the pyrethrins and a risk management rationale for the remaining pyrethroids currently undergoing registration review. These documents are available at www.regulations.gov; more specific information is available at https://www.epa.gov/ingredients-used-pesticide-products/pyrethrins-and-pyrethroids#reg%20review. These documents will be available for public comment until March 31, 2017.
The pyrethroids and pyrethrins were assessed as a class rather than by individual chemical to increase efficiency and consistency and to allow consideration of the risks and benefits of each insecticide compared to the others.
Draft human health risk assessments will be completed individually because each chemical has unique uses and hazard characteristics. These factors lead to different exposures and result in varying risks. These assessments will be completed over the next year and will be provided for public comment as soon as they are available.
Because many of the pyrethroids were registered after November 1984, they were not subject to reevaluation under the reregistration program. Since they may be used as alternatives for one another, EPA decided to assess and manage the risks of pyrethrins, pyrethroids, and synergists in a similar time frame. This was done to ensure that risk assessment and risk management approaches are consistent within this class of pesticides.
Phil Nixon (mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org), slightly modified EPA news release.
National Poison Prevention Week, March 19-25, 2017
Every 13 seconds, a U.S. poison control center receives a call about an unintentional poisoning. In observance of National Poison Prevention Week (March 19–25), this is a good reminder to take precautions and properly use and store household pesticides to avoid poisonings.
The American Association of Poison Control Centers data has historically shown that more than half of the 2 million poisoning incidents each year involve children younger than 6 years old. According to http://www.poisonprevention.org, more than 90% of these poisonings occur in the home. In addition, poison centers reported more than 70,000 calls made to poison centers with concerns about potential exposure to common household pesticides (potential exposures do not necessarily represent a poisoning).
EPA observes National Poison Prevention Week each year to increase awareness of the danger to children of unintentional poisonings from pesticides and household products, and to encourage parents and caregivers to lock up products that could potentially harm children.
Pesticides aren't the only dangerous chemicals in your home that kids may come into contact with. The EPA gives this list on its website:
bath and kitchen disinfectants and sanitizers, including bleach
household cleaning or maintenance products, such as drain cleaner, paints, or glues
automotive products stored around the home, such as anti-freeze or windshield-washer fluid
health- or beauty-care products, such as medicines, hair and nail products
roach sprays and baits
rat and other rodent poisons
products used to kill mold or mildew
flea and tick shampoos, powders, and dips for pets
swimming pool chemicals
When not in use, these products should be kept in a locked cabinet away from small children. When in use, it is advised that the products not be unattended. Containers should be closed when possible. An unexpected guest at the door may pull you away for a few minutes and unfortunately, a few minutes is all it takes for a child to find something excitedly forbidden to play with.
For tips on reducing your child's chances of pesticide poisoning:
For more information about participating in National Poison Prevention Week:
The national poison center hotline is 1-800-222-1222. Take the time to program this number into your phone's address book for fast retrieval when you need it. Calls are accepted 24/7 and you will be connected to your local poison control center. Children are fast and unfortunately so are poisons. Time is of the essence in the event of a poisoning.Michelle Wiesbrook, (mailto:email@example.com); adapted from an article previously published in this newsletter.
Pesticide Use Recordkeeping
The Illinois Pesticide Act requires recordkeeping of all applications made by Commercial and Non-Commercial applicators and operators. This includes all general and restricted-use products.
The records should include:
• The brand or product name (what's listed on the front of the label)
• The EPA registration number (found on the front of the label, usually under the ingredient statement)
• The total amount applied; this can be formulation rate or spray application rate.
• The month, day, and year
• The location of the application; using GPS coordinates is acceptable
• The crop, commodity, stored product, or site (golf green, trees, parking lots, etc.)
• The size of area treated
• The name of the certified applicator
• The certification number of the certified applicator (found on the pesticide license)
Records must be easily accessible and kept for 2 years. There are several formats that could be used; you could even create your own spreadsheet.
NOTE: Private applicators only need to keep records of restricted-use products on land they own or control.
David Robson (mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org)