Illinois Pesticide Review
September / October 2017
In This Issue
IDoA Transitioning to 3-Year Pesticide Licensing
New for 2018, the Illinois Department of Agriculture will be transitioning from 1-year licenses to 3-year licenses. This effort will eliminate the need to renew your licenses on an annual basis, saving both businesses and the state much paper work in the long run. However, there may be some growing pains for some people along the way.
How will these changes affect you? All applicators and operators who recertify (retest) for 2018, and pay the appropriate fee, will receive a license valid for 3 years. Those not due for recertification will receive a prorated license based on the number of years remaining on their General Standards certification (See Transition Schedule and Fees) . These changes will affect only commercially licensed pesticide applicators and operators in Illinois. Private applicators will see no changes as they already receive 3-year licenses.
If you have not received your retest letter or renewal application from the Illinois Department of Agriculture (IDA), you should soon. The bright orange schedule booklet contained in the mailings for only those needing to retest and applicators also has information on the licensing changes discussed below.
Transition Schedule and Fees
Transition to three-year licenses is based on the license year when the General Standards exam was most recently passed. Licenses are issued based on exams passed as early as November 1 of the previous year. During this transition, one- and two-year licenses will be issued as indicated below with payment of their associated fees.
For example, if the General Standards exam was passed for the 2015 license year, you must re-test for the 2018 license year where a three-year license will be issued at a cost of $120/Operator or $45/Not-for-Hire Operator.
If the General Standards exam was passed for the 2016 license year, you will be issued a one-year license at a cost of $40/Operator or $15/Not-for-Hire Operator.
If the General Standards exam was passed for the 2017 license year, you will be issued a two-year license at a cost of $80/Operator or $30/Not-for-Hire Operator.
• Categories can be added to an applicator license at any time, but all category exams must be retaken once the General Standards certification expires, regardless of when each category exam was first taken.
• To get the maximum length allowed (3 years) between testing you should take all tests (GS and categories) in the same license year rather than stagger exams each year.
• Transition to three-year licenses is based on the license year when the General Standards exam was most recently passed. Licenses are issued based on exams passed as early as November 1 of the previous year. During this transition, one and two year licenses will be issued as indicated below with payment of their associated fees.
For example, if the General Standards exam was passed for the 2015 license year, you must re-test for the 2018 license year where a three-year license will be issued at a cost of $180/Applicator or $60/Not-for-Hire Applicator.
If the General Standards exam was passed for the 2016 license year, you will be issued a one-year license at a cost of $60/Applicator or $20/Not-for-Hire Applicator.
If the General Standards exam was passed for the 2017 license year, you will be issued a two-year license at a cost of $120/Applicator or $40/Not-for-Hire Applicator.
Types of Licenses
• Private Applicator License– Required for people applying Restricted Use pesticides to produce an agricultural commodity on property they own or control. Private Applicators must also successfully complete the Grain Fumigation category exam in order to fumigate their own grain bins. ($30; 3-year license).
• Pesticide Dealer License–An individual selling Restricted Use pesticides must be licensed. Also, an individual selling non-restricted use (general use) pesticides for the production of an agricultural commodity in containers with capacities equal to or greater than 2-1/2 gallons or 10 pounds must be licensed. Commercial Applicators and Structural Pest Control Licensees are exempt from the testing and fee requirements but must register with the Department of Agriculture as a Dealer. The same phase-in schedule is applicable to Dealers as was earlier described for Applicators and Operators. ($300 fee for a 3-year license. Current exam valid through 2018–$100 fee for a 1-year license; Current exam valid through 2019–$200 fee for a 2-year license).
• Commercial Applicator or Operator License–Required for individuals who purchase, use, or supervise the use of pesticides classified for General or Restricted Use for hire. (Applicator: $180 fee; 3-year license. Operator: $120 fee; 3-year license).
• Commercial Not-for-Hire Applicator or Operator License –Required for individuals who purchase, use, or supervise the use of pesticides classified for General or Restricted Use for any purpose on property of an employer when such activity is a requirement of the terms of employment and the application is limited to property under the control of the employer only. Commercial not-for-hire also includes individuals who use or supervise the use of pesticides classified for General or Restricted Use as an employee of a state agency, municipality, or other duly constituted governmental agency or unit.
• (Applicator: $60 fee; 3-year license. Operator: $45 fee; 3-year license).
If you have questions about your license, please call the Illinois Department of Agriculture at (800)641-3934.
Field Guide to Herbicide Injury on Landscape Plants
Distinguishing herbicide injury from other causes of abnormalities on landscape plants can be challenging. With the Field Guide to Herbicide Injury on Landscape Plants you'll have in your pocket the details you need to troubleshoot and diagnose herbicide injury problems.
This extensive guide presents over 200 color photographs of several herbicide families with images of vegetables, annuals, and herbaceous and woody perennials. Diseases and environmental conditions that may show similar symptoms are also highlighted in the key.
This 112-page, color-coded field guide will make your diagnosis more accurate and efficient. It was out of stock for a few years but is now newly updated and available for $12 at PubsPlus.illinois.edu (https://pubsplus.illinois.edu/FG02.html.)
New WPS Respiratory Protection Guide
The Pesticide Educational Resources Collaborative (PERC) recently announced their latest resource, "Worker Protection Standard (WPS) Respiratory Protection Guide: Requirements for Employers of Pesticide Handlers," a 45-page guide to help employers of pesticide handlers meet the requirements of the revised 2015 Worker Protection Standard (§170.507).
• Guidance on selecting respirators based on new/old label language
• Medical evaluation options
• Step-by-step respirator fit-testing procedures
• Respirator cleaning/maintenance guidance
• Frequently asked questions such as, "Can I perform my own fit-test?" and "Are web-based medical evaluations allowed?"
PERC's WPS Respiratory Protection Guide is available here:
• PERC website: http://pesticideresources.org/wps/respirators.html
• PERC inventory: http://pesticideresources.org/wps/hosted/PERC-WPS-Respirator-Guide.pdf
You may purchase printed copies of the guide here: https://npsecstore.com/pages/perc-page. PERC is collaborating with the National Pesticide Safety Education Center (NPSEC) to promote the sale of printed guides in a way that benefits university-based pesticide safety education programs around the nation.
Please note that sample record-keeping forms cannot be included because of the Paperwork Reduction Act. However, the guide includes a list of items to include in the required records for fit-testing, medical evaluations, and training for handlers who use respirators.
This and other useful WPS resources such as videos, posters, and other training materials are available at PERC's website, http://pesticideresources.org/.
Adapted from an email announcement dated 9/19/17 by Michelle Wiesbrook
Four organic insecticides were recently found to be contaminated with several synthetic insecticides by the Oregon Department of Agriculture (ODA). ODA is now working to identify the source of contamination for these insecticides.
All found contaminants are insecticides, and their presence in treated plant products could lead to unknown health effects for consumers and major economic losses for organic and other growers. If organic growers used these adulterated organic insecticides, they could end up with illegal residues on their agricultural products, potentially preventing them from marketing their production.
The ODA issued a stoppage of sale and distribution in Oregon on 6/28/17 for AzatrolHydro Botanical Insecticide and AzatrolEC Insecticide (both under EPA Reg. No. 2217-836) manufactured by PBI-Gordon. The manufacturer has since issued a nation-wide voluntary recall of both of their adulterated insecticides. On 7/24/17, the Oregon Department of Agriculture issued a stoppage of sale and distribution of Neemix 4.5 (EPA Reg. No. 70051-9) manufactured by CertisUSA, LLC and AzatinO (EPA Reg. No. 70051-9-59807) manufactured by OHP, Inc.
These insecticides list azadirachtin as the only active ingredient. For Neemix4.5 and AzatinO, azadirachtin makes up 4.5% of the mixture. For both Azatrolinsecticides, azadirachtin makes up 1.2% of the mixture. Azadirachtin is derived from neem seeds. All four of these insecticides are listed for organic use by the Organic Materials Review Institute (OMRI).
The pre-harvest interval (PHI) for these insecticides is zero days for multiple fruits and vegetables. If you see AzatrolHydro or AzatrolEC for sale, please share this information with the distributor so they can participate in the recall. If you have either of these insecticides already in your possession with the EPA Reg. No. listed, contact your distributor or the manufacturer.
Mike Wierda and Peter Ellsworth,
University of Arizona, and Phil Nixon
Phil Nixon (mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org)
EPA and States’ Collective Efforts Lead to Regulatory Action on Dicamba
EPA has reached an agreement with Monsanto, BASF and DuPont on measures to further minimize the potential for drift to damage neighboring crops from the use of dicamba formulations used to control weeds in genetically modified cotton and soybeans. New requirements for the use of dicamba "over the top" (application to growing plants) will allow farmers to make informed choices for seed purchases for the 2018 growing season.
"Today's actions are the result of intensive, collaborative efforts, working side by side with the states and university scientists from across the nation who have first-hand knowledge of the problem and workable solutions," said EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt. "Our collective efforts with our state partners ensure we are relying on the best, on-the-ground, information."
In a series of discussions, EPA worked cooperatively with states, land-grant universities, and the pesticide manufacturers to examine the underlying causes of recent crop damage in the farm belt and southeast. EPA carefully reviewed the available information and developed tangible changes to be implemented during the 2018 growing season. This is an example of cooperative federalism that leads to workable national-level solutions.
Manufacturers have voluntarily agreed to label changes that impose additional requirements for "over the top" use of these products next year including:
• Classifying products as "restricted use," permitting only certified applicators with special training, and those under their supervision, to apply them; dicamba-specific training for all certified applicators to reinforce proper use;
• Requiring farmers to maintain specific records regarding the use of these products to improve compliance with label restrictions;
• Limiting applications to when maximum wind speeds are below 10 mph (from 15 mph) to reduce potential spray drift;
• Reducing the times during the day when applications can occur;
• Including tank clean-out language to prevent cross contamination; and
• Enhancing susceptible crop language and record keeping with sensitive crop registries to increase awareness of risk to especially sensitive crops nearby.
Manufacturers have agreed to a process to get the revised labels into the hands of farmers in time for the 2018 use season. EPA will monitor the success of these changes to help inform our decision whether to allow the continued "over the top" use of dicamba beyond the 2018 growing season. When EPA registered these products, it set the registrations to expire in 2 years to allow EPA to change the registration, if necessary.