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John Fulton


John Fulton
Former County Extension Director



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In The Backyard

Horticulture columns and tips done on a timely basis
Freeze damage on boxwood

Freeze Damage

Posted by John Fulton -

I mentioned freeze damage in the column last week. Now that some time has passed, it is somewhat easier to assess damage – and take corrective action. Damage may still appear worse than it is today, but it won’t improve any. The reason I say it may get worse is the simple fact that brown leaves on broadleaf evergreens are still attached to stems that have some life in them. If damage was severe...

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Fairy Rings

Fairy Rings

Posted by John Fulton -

Dark green grass in rings that looks like a target pattern is a symptom of fairy rings. Fairy rings are visible now. Fairy rings are caused by a fungus that is in the soil. Actually there are about 50 fungi that can cause fairy rings. These fungi feed on decaying organic matter such as large roots from trees that were in the area, or from buried lumber. The dark green circle part of the equatio...

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Millipede

Millipedes

Posted by John Fulton -

What are millipedes? They belong to the arthropod class Diplododa, which means double footed. The reason is simple: they have two legs per body segment. There are many different types of millipedes, over 1000 actually. They prefer to live in moist places, such as under mulch, in flower beds, in good quality lawns, and under wood. They feed on decaying organic matter, and occasionally on tender...

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Garlic Mustard

Garlic Mustard

Posted by John Fulton -

Garlic mustard is a cool season biennial herb with stalked, triangular to heart-shaped, coarsely toothed leaves that give off an odor of garlic when crushed. First-year plants appear as a rosette of green leaves close to the ground. Rosettes remain green through the winter and develop into mature flowering plants the following spring. Flowering plants of garlic mustard reach from 2 to 3-1/2 fee...

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Effects of the Freeze on Rhubarb and Other Fruits

Posted by John Fulton -

A little bit of warm weather spurred some growth in many of our perennials. Then a hard freeze comes along and some of our plants may need some special care. Of course we can expect some fruit reduction in cases where severe frost or freezing catch trees in the tender bloom and early fruit set stages. Book figures are about a 10% reduction in apples at full bloom with a temperature of...

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chickweed
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Early Spring Lawn Weed Control

Posted by John Fulton -

Each year, the winter annual weeds chickweed and henbit run number one and two in the early spring as lawn and garden weeds. Winter annual weeds can actually germinate in the fall, carry through the winter, then get going very early in the spring. They also are done by the heat of the summer, leaving seed to germinate again later in the fall. Right now chickweed stands out in yards because it i...

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Spring Lawn Care

Posted by John Fulton -

Lawns are really greening up with a little moisture and some warmer temperatures. While we have passed the recommended date for seeding, there are many other areas of lawn care that should be on your radar. Fertilizer is always an area of many questions. The place to start is a soil test. This will tell you where you are starting from. Basic soil test levels for phosphorus, potassium, a...

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Think Spring

Posted by John Fulton -

The calendar says it is April, but the temperatures (both soil and air) have been lagging. It’s been more like mid-March. There is still frost in some places, but the upper layers of soil have thawed. The lower levels are gradually warming as well. This is evidenced by frozen water lines to hydrants becoming functional again. A green cast is gradually taking over grassy areas, and the spring bl...

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