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Angie Peltier


Angie Peltier
Former Extension Educator, Commercial Agriculture



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Hill and Furrow

Current topics about crop production in Western Illinois, including field crops research at the NWIARDC in Monmouth.
Risk Management
Figure. Small black specks (pycnidia) can help in diagnosing Diplodia ear mold.
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Scouting shouldn't end until after harvest

Scouting is a season-long commitment, beginning before planting (measuring soil temperature and assessing condition), continues after planting (assessing plant stands and then scouting for disease, insect and weed pressure) only ending after the crop has been harvested. Late season scouting of corn can include monitoring kernels for maturity (black layer) and moisture content and checki...

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Figure. Black cutworm. Note the small, black dagger-shaped marking on each outer wing.

Significant Black Cutworm Flights Continue

A significant black cutworm flight (9 moths) took place overnight May 3rd to 4th at the Northwestern Research Center in Monmouth. Along with rain, the recent weather system (which looked like a giant clock-wise turning hurricane over the middle of the US) likely carried North black cutworms. Entomologist and Illinois Natural History Survey's Coordinated Agricultural Pest Survey coordin...

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Image citation: Daren Mueller, Iowa State University, Bugwood.org

Impacts of Saturated or Flooded (or Crusted) Soils on Crop Plants

The Northwestern Illinois Agricultural Research & Demonstration Center (NWIARDC) received 6.24 inches of rain in April, more than 3 inches of which fell over the last 5 days of the month. Relatively speaking the Monmouth area lucked out as further South, both Perry and Snicarte accumulated more than 5 inches, Belleville more than 6 inches, Rend Lake nearly 8 inches and Carbondale more than...

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Figure. Black cutworm moth captured at the Northwestern Illinois Agricultural Research and Demonstration Center in Spring 2012. Note the characteristic black 'dagger' shaped markings located in the lower portion of the wing.
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Black cutworm trap: significant flight in fewer than 24 hours!

In cooperation with Kelly Estes of the Illinois Natural History Survey, every April personnel at the Northwestern Illinois Agricultural Research and Demonstration Center (NWIARDC) maintain a pheromone trap to monitor black cutworm (BCW) moths. Pheromones , or the sex hormones that are produced by female BCW moths, are...

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Grain bins

Temperature fluctuations outside can lead to temperature and moisture issues in stored grain

It is widely understood that the quality of grain coming out of storage is never going to be better than the quality of that grain going into storage. For some that stored 2016 corn, Diplodia and other ear molds ensured that grain quality going into storage was not of ideal quality. Fluctuating air temperatures this winter and spring has the potential to cause moisture or hot-spots to develop in s...

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W IL Map

Extension Bi-State Crops Conferences in and near Western Illinois

New and longer-term partnerships between personnel in Illinois and personnel in Missouri and Iowa have resulted in several bi-state crops conferences to be held during January 2017 in Western Illinois or Eastern Iowa. Friday, January 6, 2017: Bi-State Crop Advantage Conference, Burlington, IA, 8:30 AM - 4:00 PM...

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Registration now open for the 2017 Regional Crop Management Conferences

Registration is open for the 2017 Crop Management Conferences. These regional conferences provide a forum for discussion and interaction between participants and university researchers and are designed to address a wide array of topics pertinent to crop production in Illinois: crop management, pest management, nutrient management, soil and water management. Certified Crop Advisers can e...

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Figure. Daily soil temperatures at 4 inches under sod and bare soil at the Northwestern IL Ag R&D Ctr. in Monmouth in 2016 (Data Source: WARM).
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Fall Nitrogen: Strategies to Hang onto it Until the 2017 Crop Needs it

Progress: Harvest and other Fall Operations. For the week ending November 6, the USDA's National Ag Statistics Service estimates that 95 percent of the corn and 92 percent of the soybeans in the Western Illinois crop reporting district have been harvested (...

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Celebrate National Farm Safety Week (Sept. 18-24): Brush Up with One or More Free Webinar

To celebrate National Farm Safety Week a series of seven webinars health and safety-related webinars will be offered by the AgriSafe™ Network, a non-profit national membership organization, represents health professionals and educators who are concerned about the health and safety of farm families. Monday, Sept. 19, 12-1 PM: Respiratory Protection for Agricultural Producers...

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NorthCentral-SARE-logo large

Grant Program for Farmers and Ranchers Interested in Increasing Sustainability

From soil erosion to compaction to weed management struggles, farmers know best what is may be limiting crop production or long-term sustainability in the fields that they farm. However during this period of razor-thin margins farmers may be unwilling or unable to fit the costs of experimenting with new conservation practices into their balance sheets. If you are a farmer that has an in...

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Clouds and corn

So many acronyms: DNA...GMOs... What is everyone talking about?

DNA. The results of a consumer preference survey conducted in January of 2015 by Oklahoma State University's Department of Agricultural Economics indicate that there is sometimes a disconnect between reality and public perception. When surveyed regarding support or opposition to potential government policies,...

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Figure. Corn plants injured by wind and hail on June 22, 2016 at the Northwestern Illinois Agricultural R&D Center in Monmouth.
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Foliar Fungicides on Hail Damaged Corn and Soybean: Does it Pay?

After the Wind and Hail: Corn and Soybean Recovery and Yield Potential. The severe weather that rolled through several counties in Western Illinois in the early morning hours of June 22 makes one think long and hard about how wind- and hail-damaged corn and soybean crops might fare and whether there is anything that can be done to help to preserve remaining yield potential (...

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Figure. Root pruning caused by rootworms at the NWIARDC in 2014. Significant root pruning can cause yield loss and harvest difficulties.
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Corn rootworm egg hatch dictates when best to scout for root injury

To provide corn producers with a method to estimate peak corn rootworm egg hatch and when to best scout for root feeding damage, the Illinois State Water Survey's Illinois Climate Network calculates accumulated pest degree days . They use daily maximum and minimum bare soil temperatures (52 degree minimum) at a 4 i...

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Figure. Uneven crop development and poor populations were observed in corn plots planted on March 8, 2016.
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March 8 corn planted at either 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 or 3.0 inches deep – Effects on crop development and population

On May 17, Ryan Farmer, a student hourly worker at the Northwestern Illinois Agricultural Research and Demonstration Center (NWIARDC) collected stand count data from a demonstration trial that had been planted more than 2 months earlier. On an unseasonably warm March 8 day NWIARDC personnel decided to see just how wise it is to plant that early in the Monmouth area. Needing to calibrate...

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U of I agricultural economists host free risk management webinar - Tuesday, Feb. 23, 8-9 AM

Join University of Illinois Extension agricultural economists for a free risk management webinar next Tuesday, February 23 rd from 8 to 9 AM. This webinar will focus on: crop insurance decisions, 2015 county-level ARC payment forecasts and managing risk in 2016. Preregistration is required to watch this webinar....

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Clouds and corn

1 to 3 PM on Feb 11 - Live Resilient Corn Production Webinar - **CEU Opportunity**

A webinar will be held live, from 1 to 3 pm on Thursday, February 11. See the results of a five-year, multi-state research project focused on farm management practices and their potential for making corn-based agriculture more resilient. The practices provide resiliency in times of drought, reduce soil and nutrient losses under saturated soil conditions, decrease farm field nitrogen...

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Grain bins

Cool Stored Grain Now

Iowa State University Extension Ag Engineering Specialist, Dr. Greg Brenneman, recently shared some information regarding cooling the grain that went into storage this year. "In the past couple of weeks a lot of corn and soybeans went into storage with temperatures in the 60s. With grain this warm, moisture migration within the grain mass and spoilage can occ...

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Figure. Split N decision support tool homepage (Image: Useful 2 Usable).

Penciling it out: Would splitting your N application work for your operation?

There are economic and environmental pressures for farmers to consider applying their nitrogen at more than one time. Nitrogen that is lost to nitrification and nitrate leaching is not available for crop use. In addition, nitrate-nitrogen lost from farm fields can move into ground and surface waters resulting in water quality and potential regulatory issues. This summer the Illinois EPA...

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Figure. Corn planted April 1, experienced below freezing air temperatures early morning April 21 and 23. Note on the photo dated April 27,  although the above-ground tissue is dead, the growing point remains largely undamaged.
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Frost-damaged corn plants re-emerge: Will they act as weeds to their less-damaged neighbors?

Corn planting date trials. Each year, personnel at the Northwestern Research and Demonstration Center establish a replicated planting date trial. The trial established this year will tell us, given the conditions that will be experienced by the crop from planting until harvest, when was the best time to plant corn in Monmouth in 2015. Over a number of years and locations, these...

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Figure. Soybean seed prices 2001-2014 (USDA-ERS).
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Soybean seed treatments: options, considerations.

According to the 2015 Illinois Crop Budgets prepared by University of Illinois Economist Dr. Gary Schnitkey, an estimated average of $78 per acre will be spent on soybean seed - the single largest direct cost of producing soybean. According to the...

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Participating County Map

2015 Soil Fertility Seminar to be Held in 17 Illinois Counties on February 27

Attendees can learn results of some of the latest soil fertility research going on at Midwestern Universities at the 2015 Soil Fertility Seminar. Certified Crop Advisors can earn up to FIVE Nutrient Management CEUs at the 2015 Soil Fertility Seminar. This seminar, to be held in 17 county Extension offices (see map), will feature the results of some of the most current...

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farmdoc toolbox

Register for Regional Farm Bill Seminars to be held in January and February

Throughout January and February, University of Illinois Extension Agricultural Economists, in conjunction with the United States Department of Agriculture's Farm Services Agency and the Illinois Farm Bureau, will be holding 14 complimentary regional meetings to help walk people through the 2014 Farm Bill Commodity Support Programs, important decisions that need to be made before February and Ma...

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Webinar - Managing Your Farm in an Economic Downturn

Lower grain prices are narrowing margins for crop producers this year and are projected to continue into the future. This economic climate will be pose many economic and management challenges for crop producers. Agricultural Economists from Purdue University's Center for Commercial Agriculture will be hosting a webinar geared toward exploring farm management strategies that crop produce...

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eXtension logo

Free Financial Planning Webinar for Farmers - December 16, 9 A.M. CST

What business couldn't use a financial "check up"? Register and attend this hour long seminar on Tuesday, December 16 at 9 A.M. to learn about ways to gauge and better your financial assets. According to New Jersey Extension Agricultural and Resource Management Agent Jenny Carleo, "This webinar will discuss 20 ways that people can assess their persona...

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Exciting Program Planned for the 2015 Regional Crop Management Conferences!

Registration is now open for the 2015 Regional Crop Management Conferences. These 2-day conferences provide a forum for discussion and interaction between participants and university researchers and are designed to address a wide array of topics pertinent to crop production in Illinois: crop management, pest management, nutrient management, soil and water management. Certified Crop Advi...

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