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Pesticide Safety Education Program

Illinois Annual Report 1999/2000

Introduction

Illinois law, in accordance with the Federal Environmental Pesticide Control Act, requires that anyone who purchases or uses pesticides classified as "restricted use" must be certified as a commercial pesticide applicator or operator, or a private (farmer) pesticide applicator. In addition, those who apply "general use" pesticides commercially must also be certified. The responsibilities of the Illinois Department of Agriculture (IDA) and University of Illinois Extension (Extension) in pesticide certification and training are clearly defined. The IDA, as lead agency, has responsibility for the certification and issuing of permits or licenses to persons who apply pesticides. Extension, working in cooperation with IDA staff, is responsible for conducting educational training programs for private, commercial, and public pesticide applicators and operators.

Since 1966, Extension has been conducting training schools for private applicators, and commercial agricultural and urban operators and applicators. The purpose is to train applicators and operators in the proper and safe use of pesticides to prevent misuse and to avoid accidents. In addition to keeping applicators up-to-date on new developments in both chemical and nonchemical pest control methods, the training sessions help to prepare applicants to pass examinations required for obtaining a license or certification. This quality pesticide safety education is ultimately vital to Illinois residents in terms of public health protection and environmental stewardship.

Support
Initial funding for Pesticide Applicator Training (PAT) was provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) through the USDA Federal Extension Service, starting in 1974. These funds have been reduced over the years in amount and also in value due to inflation.

The Pesticide Control Fund, approved by the Illinois State Legislature in August 1985, provides funds to the IDA "for the purpose of conducting a public educational program on the proper use of pesticides and for other activities related to the enforcement of this act." This fund provides the bulk of the dollars needed to conduct educational programs related to the safe and proper use of pesticides.

Program Goals and Mission

The goal of our program is to reach all users of pesticides in Illinois with educational information on the effective, economic, and environmentally sound use of pesticides.

Our mission is two-fold:

1. To provide training through PAT for private and commercial applicators in Illinois.

2. To provide pesticide education to a diverse audience in "other related" program areas such as worker protection, pesticide recordkeeping, water quality, endangered species, IPM, food safety, etc.

Pesticides are important tools in production agriculture, enabling producers to manage pests such as insects, weeds, and diseases. Pesticides are also important in helping maintain attractive and useful landscapes. Pesticides play an important role in public health in control of nuisance pests and disease vectors such as mosquitoes. Homeowners routinely use pesticides for pest control in and around the home. Extension Pesticide Safety Educators provide educational and training programs to address Health, the Environment, Pest Management, and Pesticide Safety. Here are some of the ways we do it!

HEALTH:

• Understanding health effects from the misuse of pesticides
• Food Safety
• Water Quality issues
• Worker Protection for Agricultural Pesticides
• Personal safety of applicators
• Vector control programs
• Application-education
• Home use of pesticides

ENVIRONMENT:

• Water Quality
• Prevention of adverse effects to the ecology
• Endangered Species
• Sustainable Agriculture & IPM
• Calibration; application; and drift reduction
• Disposal of pesticides

PEST MANAGEMENT:

• Pest Identification
• Nonchemical Controls
• Pesticide Selection
• Pesticide Timing

PESTICIDE SAFETY:

• Understanding pesticide labels
• Selection of pesticides
• Understanding health effects of pesticides
• Proper application of pesticides
• Personal protection
• Proper storage

PAT Office

The University of Illinois Extension Pesticide Applicator Training (PAT) program maintains an office to carry out needed administrative and secretarial functions. Close interaction with Illinois Department of Agriculture regarding attendees at each clinic and other operational issues results in consistent information from both training and testing personnel to our PAT clinic attendees.

Communication
The PAT office also sells PAT educational materials. Customer response is very positive since they are able to register and order desired materials in one telephone call. Mailing of requested educational materials is promised within 72 hours, however this is usually accomplished the same day. During the past year, 6,289 publications were sold to customers from the PAT office. PAT educational materials are also available at the commercial PAT clinics where 933 publications were sold during the past year.

Data entry utilizes two relational databases that work behind the scenes to automate the customer's registration and/or publication order. This allows data information to be entered while talking to clientele, have the program calculate exactly what the total cost is and provide patrons with a confirmation number before hanging up the phone. This professionalism adds confidence to the interaction between the PAT office and our customers.

Customer Satisfaction
The PAT office also sells PAT educational materials. Customer response is very positive since they are able to register plus order desired materials in one telephone call. Mailing of requested educational materials is promised within 72 hours, however this is usually accomplished the same day. During the past year, 5798 publications were sold to customers from the PAT office. PAT educational materials are also available at the commercial PAT clinics where 818 publications were sold during the past year.

Data entry utilizes two relational databases that work behind the scenes to automate the customer’s registration and/or publication order. This allows data information to be entered while talking to clientele, have the program calculate exactly what the total cost is and provide patrons with a confirmation number before hanging up the phone. It is intended that this adds professionalism and confidence to the interaction between the PAT office and our customers.

Commercial PAT Programs

Pesticide Training and Certification Clinics for commercial applicators and operators were conducted at 30 sites during the months of November through May. At these meetings, 7,949 commercial applicators and operators were trained (Table 1). In addition to General Standards Training, Category Training was offered in the areas of Field Crops, Turf, Ornamentals, Rights-of-Way, Aquatics, Plant Management, Demonstration and Research, Mosquito, Seed Treatment, and Grain Facility.

General Standards training is conducted by using a computer projector controlled by a laptop computer. This setup utilizing PowerPoint software allows easy adjustments to the presentations. Computer-aided training is also used during Rights-of-Way, Aquatics, Plant Management, and Demonstration and Research Category Training.

Special Clinics
Three special training clinics were held for Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) personnel during November. Snow plowing responsibilities commonly hamper their ability to attend regular training clinics during the winter.

Ornamentals and Turfgrass Training
Ornamentals and Turfgrass category training was changed this year in order to provide a better learning environment. We taught calibration for both categories together from 10:45 to 11:30 a.m. on the second day. Teaching calibration as a combined session lets us start the ornamentals training later in the afternoon of the first day. This gives clientele more time to complete their General Standards exam earlier in the afternoon before training begins.

Publications and Educational Assistance
Each attendee receives a workbook and pencil to aid note-taking and information retention. All PAT manuals and workbooks are available at each clinic for attendees to purchase for home study and reference. We also provide sample copies and information concerning our PAT website and Extension newsletters for their continued education.

Attendees usually use calculators during the calibration portion of the training and testing. This year we started providing inexpensive calculators for sale at the clinics, because many attendees forget to bring them. Although we only started selling them in mid-year, 240 were sold and we received many positive comments about having them available.

Program Evaluation
Attendees at Ornamental, Turfgrass, and Plant Management category training sessions were given evaluation forms to fill out concerning Extension's role in their continuing education. Numerous comments were received concerning PAT clinics. The comments were generally positive. Common suggestions were to provide continuing education credits, Spanish training, and additional clinics.

Trainers
Champaign-Urbana extension personnel, particularly those with PAT funding, conducted much of the clinic training. Extension Educators throughout the state, and particularly in northeastern Illinois, also assisted with the training (Appendix B). Extension specialists in Champaign-Urbana provided assistance to the training efforts of these Extension Educators by furnishing slides, scripts, and other training materials. This afforded additional educational contacts for the participating Extension Educators plus enabled the campus-based staff to pursue appropriate additional activities.

CCAs
While preparing for the pesticide applicator certification exam, 66 Certified Crop Advisers received a total of 226 Continuing Education Units after attending approved category training (Field Crops, Seed Treatment, and Grain Facility).

Private PAT Programs

In contrast to Commercial PAT clinics, Private PAT clinics are Unit-based, meaning that Unit Leaders, Unit Educators and Center Educators are responsible for scheduling, hosting, and conducting all Private PAT clinics. Extension Units typically consist of one or two counties. In addition, the Illinois Department of Agriculture (IDA) offers certification testing following all PAT clinics. Thus, an efficient working relationship between Extension and IDA is critical to the scheduling process.

Based on IDA's pre-season estimate, there were 11,458 Private Applicators in need of recertification during the 99/00 season. About 79% of these applicators were served by the scheduled training and testing clinics. The remaining applicators either attended a test-only session or no longer required a license for various reasons. In response to IDA's county-specific recertification estimates, Unit Leaders, Educators, and IDOA inspectors did a fine job of scheduling an appropriate number of clinics. As shown in Table 2, there were 124 scheduled training and testing clinics, and 36 scheduled test-only clinics. For the most part, the Private PAT Task Force scheduling rule was followed: "Each unit may host at least one clinic. However, if a unit has more than 100 clients needing to retest, they may offer additional clinics (individually, or in conjunction with other units) as needed, using a base of 100 or more clients per clinic as a rule."

The use of clinic pre-registration increased this year, with 78% of the training and testing clinics reporting its use. Clients were charged a fee at 35% of the training and testing clinics, and fees ranged from $4 to $10 per person.

The 99/00 Private PAT clinics were conducted by 45 trainers, with the median number of clinics per trainer being 3, while the maximum was 22. Most often (52% of the time), training was conducted by two trainers per clinic, while 25%, and 23% of the time, training was conducted by 1, and 3 trainers, respectively. Training typically lasted about 3 hours, while there were still cases (6%; compared to 14% last season) where training was less than 2.5 hours. The Private PAT workbook was used by the audience at 37% of the clinics. However, only 17% of the clinic reports indicate the workbook being used by more than 50% of the audience.

Program funding last season allowed us to continue to reimburse part of the cost of renting larger facilities for Private PAT clinics. As a result of this reimbursement program, $3,052 were used to help fund 22 Private PAT clinics. In addition, the Trainer Reimbursement Program was continued in order to lessen the financial burden (via partial mileage reimbursement) for trainers who find it necessary to conduct an unusually high number of clinics. As a result of this reimbursement program, $1,190 were used to assist 5 trainers.

We work with the Private PAT trainers throughout the year using e-mail, the Illinois Pesticide Review Newsletter, and mailings to keep them aware of new information concerning pesticide regulations and training. Pertinent information from USEPA and other sources is forwarded to them electronically and by other means. We continually work with our trainers to maintain and improve the quality of training that they provide. For example, we held a Train-the-Trainer workshop in October to introduce and distribute the new training materials (described later in the Educational Materials section). Over 45 Educator and Unit Leaders attended this workshop. In addition, three Private PAT trainers joined the campus-based team at the Certification and Training Workshop held in Portland, Maine in August, 1999. One Private PAT trainer went with the campus-based team to the Regional Certification and Training Workshop in Minneapolis, Minnesota in June, 2000.

Mass Media

During the past year, the PAT specialists increased the knowledge of proper pesticide application, new developments in pesticide human and environmental safety, and recently enacted rules and regulations through the radio, television, newspapers, and magazines. At least 25 newspaper and magazine articles were published as the result of news interviews or news releases produced by PAT specialists. Eleven radio programs spanning more than five hours of air time were used to promote proper pesticide use. Information from PAT specialists was featured in 3 television programs.

Six issues of The Illinois Pesticide Review newsletter were published this year. This bimonthly newsletter is written by PAT specialists in Illinois to address pesticide safety issues, regulatory information, and changes in pesticide registration and label status. Each issue contains an in-depth article addressing current pesticide issues or University of Illinois pesticide-related activities. The newsletter remains available as a traditional paper subscription and electronically on the Pesticide Safety Education website.

These efforts serve to keep clientele up-to-date about pesticide safety issues outside of the pesticide clinics that they attend. Important information is communicated to the clientele when it is needed. In addition, many homeowners and other Illinois residents learn how to apply pesticides correctly and safely in and around their homes.

Worker Protection Standard

University of Illinois Extension continues to play an active role in Worker Protection Standard (WPS) education. Bruce Paulsrud, of the PAT specialist team, leads Extension's WPS-education activities and is active in a diverse group called the Worker Protection Stakeholder Committee (WPSC). In addition to the WPS materials available on the Pesticide Safety Education website, traditional newsletter articles, and radio spots, Extension collaborated with the WPSC to inform growers, IDA inspectors, and educators about the WPS in the following ways.

WPS Workshops
A session on the proper set-up of facilities, notification, and practical implementation for WPS was given during the University of Illinois Crop Protection Workshop on November 10,1999. This provided an opportunity for WPS employers throughout the state to fine-tune their compliance of these regulations. In addition, a WPS refresher course was conducted on February 25, 2000 for Novartis personnel and their detasseling crew leaders.

Spanish WPS Train-the-Trainer
The Spanish labor force is significant within certain sectors of Illinois agriculture. Thus, the WPSC is working to meet the WPS training needs of Spanish-speaking employees and their employers. The first Spanish WPS train-the-trainer workshop was held at Glen Ellyn, IL in February of 1998. Nine agricultural employees were trained in Spanish and certified to train both WPS workers and handlers. In the process, Mr. Gerardo Hernandez was trained and is now our designated trainer for future Spanish train-the-trainer workshops.

For the 99/00 season, programming focused on developing and maintaining bilingual WPS trainers throughout the state. Three train-the-trainer workshops (at Albers, St. Charles, and Bourbonnais, IL) were held, in which 18 employees from seven farms or nurseries participated. This focus meets the needs of the participating employers. In addition, this improves the chances that the program will thrive, since more qualified trainers in the state should result in more handlers and workers being trained, and being trained properly. In early 2000, this unique workshop option was promoted during various fruit and vegetable conferences throughout Illinois. While past participants (employers and employees) have been very pleased with the workshops, the call for additional workshops during this reporting period has been less than impressive. In March of 2000, the USEPA grant which supported this outreach effort expired, but the workshops will continue to be available to WPS employers for a fee.

One of the requirements of the USEPA grant was to develop an implementation guide which would explain the program and provide the materials so that other states could easily adopt the Spanish Train-the-Trainer program. Susan Bauer of the WPSC created the guide with input and review by Bruce Paulsrud.

PAT Clinics
Because PAT clinics meet the WPS training requirements, agricultural employers have the option of sending their agricultural workers and handlers to PAT clinics for WPS training. Each PAT trainer is certified to distribute worker and handler WPS Training Verification Cards to clientele.

To receive a card, the client simply needs to request one following training. These cards are optional, and the client does not need to take an exam to receive one. Twenty-eight (3 Worker, 25 Handler) WPS cards were distributed by University of Illinois staff during the past year.

Operation Safe-Fly-in Workshops

The University of Illinois Agricultural Engineering Department assisted the Illinois Agricultural Aviation Association, Kansas State University, FMC, Novartis, and Zeneca, with an Opera tion Safe Fly-in workshop in Illinois (Rantoul, Champaign Co.) in 2000. Twelve agricultural pilots and aircraft took part in this workshop.

The "string analysis" computer assisted system continues to improve the liquid pattern analysis process for the pilots. Pilots are able to fly across the "string", and upon analysis, make adjustments on-site and retest with another series of passes. Several new application practices are being introduced to aerial applicators as a result of information gained at various fly-in workshops across the nation.

Also used at the workshop was a droplet scan system that can analyze spray droplets on water-sensitive paper and indicate various critical droplet characteristics such as size, coverage, and drift. Applicators could therefore see the effects of operating parameters like nozzle selection and operating pressure on dropsize and target coverage. In addition, a dry collection system was available that uses 24 collectors that can be used to collect untreated dry ("placebo") material, allowing for pattern analysis using a computer program.

Using these advanced analysis systems, pilots have the opportunity to make adjustments on-site and leave the workshop with confidence that they are able to conform to the regulations- applying product with adequate dropsize, pattern uniformity, proper swath width, and volume, with a minimization of drift.

Educational Materials

The University of Illinois PAT program publishes twelve manuals that address the most commonly licensed areas of pesticide certification in Illinois. In addition, there are seven packets of information that provide education for the other categories. There are also eight workbooks that cover the nine most commonly licensed areas. Our manuals and workbooks continue to be used not only as references and learning tools before and during training clinics, but also as self-tutorial guides for those who wish to study on their own. These publications allow us to educate more operators and applicators than actually attend PAT clinics.

The Private Applicator publications received a major overhaul this year. The Private Applicator Manual underwent a major revision, along with the Private Applicator Workbook. The Private Applicator Trainer's Guide was also revised. The Private Applicator Slide Set and Slide Notes were completely revised and also published as a CD in Microsoft PowerPoint. This makes it easier to modify and add slides for local needs and situations, and to teach via computer projection equipment. In addition, future slide revisions will be much easier to complete, since the content is now in electronic format.

A new Spanish-language General Pesticide Safety Manual was published this year. The General Standards, Rights-of-Way, and Turf and Ornamentals Workbooks were all revised this year. Several other publications were reprinted last year, some with minor revisions.

The Pesticide Safety Education Home Page (www.aces.uiuc.edu/~pse) continues to provide up-to-date information through the internet. Visitors find the electronic version of the Illinois Pesticide Review newsletter, Commercial and Private PAT schedules, a host of valuable links to other pesticide-related sites, and many other interesting facts. Substantial improvements were made to the "Fact Sheets" area of the website, including the addition of a Pesticide drift section that includes drift reduction fact sheets and related information. On average, there are over 4,000 page requests ("hits") from our site per month, and about 60% of this activity comes from outside U.S. educational institutions. Our website steadily increases in popularity each year. Compared to last year, we have observed a 40% increase in activity for the period, January through May.

Drift Education Activities

Formal drift complaints are on the rise and the IDA and University of Illinois Extension are being asked to get involved in these complaints more often. In response, the PAT team organized and held a "Drift Complaint In-Service" in March. The purpose of this meeting was to bring Extension and Illinois Department of Agriculture administration and staff together to educate one another about their respective roles in drift complaint cases and to discuss guidelines for handling drift complaints. About fifty-five persons attended the meeting, which was well received. Working with IDA, Extension drafted an internal document entitled "How to Handle Pesticide Drift Complaints: A Guide for Extension and IDA staff". This information was also distributed by publishing much of it in the Pest Management and Crop Development Bulletin, Illinois Fruit and Vegetable News, Illinois Pesticide Review, and Home, Yard, and Garden Pest Newsletter. Plans are underway to develop consumer materials along these same lines. Information was also added to the Illinois Pesticide Safety Education webpage with the new Spray Drift Resources section.

A major part of understanding and reducing pesticide drift is remaining abreast of new equipment and technology in pesticide application. To this end, commercial and private PAT material supplements were developed containing information on recent nozzle developments, including air-atomizing nozzles. This included the addition of slides for private PAT material, and updating PowerPoint presentations made to commercial applicators.

"Techniques For Reducing Spray Drift" was presented at the 25th Annual Crop Protection Workshop. This included demonstrating the fundamentals of drift reduction using a portable spray table. Many current nozzle designs were demonstrated under varying pressures and crosswinds, as well as with and without a drift control additive.

Private Applicator Trainers utilize the videos, "Straight Talk About Minimizing Spray Drift - A Guide for Applicators," and "Foam Marking Systems for Applicators." They also use two slides sets, "Minimizing Spray Drift" and "Spray Drift Management." These materials were at least partially developed by PAT specialists.

Homeowner Programs

Illinois homeowners and other residents are educated by Extension on proper pesticide use through the Master Gardener Program, Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP), and various gardening, home safety, and other programs. Training is provided to Master Gardeners through the pesticide safety section of the Illinois Master Gardener Handbook, color slides that were prepared by the PAT Specialists, and a Purdue training video. The pesticide safety section of the Illinois Master Gardener Handbook was completely revised by the PAT specialists during the past year. This resulted in a more readable text with appropriate explanatory illustrations and tables. Pesticide safety fact sheets are used as handouts in various programs and are included in the Illinois Homeowner Guide to Pest Management.

Program Benefits

The benefits of our pesticide safety educational programs far exceed the costs. We improve the quality of pesticide applicators in Illinois by increasing their level of pesticide knowledge and safe use. In evaluations of private and commercial applicators, participants reported significant change in the way they handled pesticides. After training, applicators were more likely to refer to pesticide labels, use safety equipment, and calibrate application equipment.

Nationally, these programs have shown to maintain pesticides that would otherwise be lost to producers. Our educational programs help regulatory programs with voluntary compliance through better understanding.

Our PAT programs have a value-added approach. Participants come to our training not only because they need information to pass the licensing examination, but also to obtain additional information that is important in terms of public health protection, environmental stewardship, and plant protection.

Many homeowners and other Illinois residents learn how to apply pesticides correctly and safely in and around their homes. They also gain an appreciation of the efforts being made to use pesticides in a manner that reduces the impact to human health, wildlife, and the environment while maximizing the low-cost production of food and providing aesthetically pleasing landscapes and roadsides.

Program Improvements

Private Applicator Training received a major update in teaching materials this year. The Manual, Workbook, Trainer's Guide, Slide Set, and Slide Notes were completely revised. The slide set was also published as a CD in Microsoft PowerPoint. This makes it easier to modify and add slides for local needs and situations, and to teach via computer projection equipment. Much of the Commercial PAT also utilizes this computer system, resulting in more interesting and higher quality presentations.

Pesticide Drift has been a major focus of the PAT program for about five years. This year it continued with the Drift Complaint In-Service program for both Extension and IDA personnel. Bruce Paulsrud organized the program and brought together IDA and Extension administrators, an ag law expert, and specialists in pesticide injury identification as presenters. The program covered specific chemical drift symptoms, litigation procedures, and roles of regulatory and educational personnel in drift injury situations. Not only were participants educated, but this assemblage of experts has resulted in an internal policy document and educational material published for the commercial grower and applicator in four Extension newsletters and websites. Work is underway to publish Extension educational materials for consumers as well.

Patty Bingaman and Jean Miles processed 6,289 publication orders, 7,496 registrations, and answered 10,641 incoming calls. Patty's effective leadership resulted in the pre-registration of 94.3% of commercial PAT clinic attendees allowing better planning of PAT clinics and a more professional presentation of them. The percentage of preregistrations and number of publications sold from the office increases each year. Most publication orders are filled the same day that they are received.

PAT is also represented on national USEPA committees. Phil Nixon is a member of the Certification and Training Advisory Group determining the direction that PAT will take nationally in the coming decades. Michelle Wiesbrook is a member of the Consumer Labeling Initiative Committee. She also attended the National Assessment of the Worker Protection Standard Workshop.

Phil Nixon and Rhonda Ferree, with University of Minnesota and Purdue University personnel, presented the workshop, Moral Dilemmas with the Methyl Parathion Issue, at the National Pesticide Applicator Certification and Training Workshop in Portland, ME. Bruce Paulsrud presented Use of Information Technology in PAT at the North Central Region Pesticide Education and Certification Workshop in Minneapolis, MN. Phil Nixon presented Reducing Pesticide Exposures at Home at Environmental Watch: Workshop on Actions to Take for Children's Health in Chicago, IL. These invited presentations at national and regional conferences testifies to the quality of the Illinois program.

Other Programs

The PAT team is integral to communicating pest identification, scouting, and recommendations to commercial pesticide applicators in Illinois. They annually answer large numbers of individual weed, disease, and insect pest queries by telephone, mail, e-mail, and through the Plant Clinic. Phil Nixon coordinates production of the urban pest management handbooks and Home, Yard, and Garden Pest Newsletter to which the other PAT specialists routinely contribute. Bruce Paulsrud contributes articles to the Pest Management and Crop Development Bulletin. The PAT specialists are authors of several chapters in the Illinois Agricultural Pest Managment Handbook and the Illinois Commercial Landscape and Turfgrass Pest Management Handbook.

Information regarding the safe use of chemicals in agriculture has been provided by members of the PAT team at meetings of the Illinois Network for Agricultural Safety and Health (INASH). Presentation topics to these audiences who are not familiar with the use of chemicals in agriculture included toxicity information, personal protective equipment (PPE) requirements, and proper agricultural chemical handling techniques.

Horticulture Field Day, Sleep, Saw or Spend: Managing Woody Ornamental Diseases, Urbana, IL
Crop Protection Workshop, WPS Refresher & Compliance Workshop, Urbana, IL
Piatt Co. Extension Program, Garden Pests and Beneficial Insects, Monticello, IL
Environmental Watch: Workshop on Actions to Take for Children's Health, USEPA, Reducing Pesticide Exposures at Home, Chicago, IL
Turfgrass and Landscape Field Day, Entomology Reports, Urbana, IL
North Central Turf Expo., Turfgrass Research Update, St. Charles, IL
North Central Turf Expo., New Biological Controls for Turf Insects, St. Charles, IL
Non-Certified Technician Training, Spiders and Other Invaders, Edwardsville, IL
Southern Illinois Grounds Maintenance School, Japanese Beetle Management on Ornamentals, Collinsville, IL
Decatur Garden Show, How to Prevent Insect Problems, Decatur, IL
Urbana Community Gardeners, Organic Insect Pest Management, Urbana, IL
McDonough Public Health Workshop, Spiders, Macomb, IL
Public Hearings, Asian Longhorned Beetle, Chicago, Addison, and Summit, IL
IPM in Schools Workshops, Insect Pests and Their Management, Lasalle, Willowbrook, Springfield, and Mt. Vernon, IL
C-U Herb Society, Herb & Vegetable Insect Pests, Urbana, IL
Ill. Assn. of School Business Officials, IPM in Schools, St. Charles, IL
Mahomet Garden Club, Flower Insect Pests, Mahomet, IL

Workshops, Shows, and Meeting Participation by PAT Specialists
American Association of Pesticide Safety Educators annual meeting , Portland, ME
Shade Tree Wilt Conference, St. Paul, MN
Region 5 EPA Pre-SFIREG Committee, Chicago, IL
National Assessment of the Worker Protection Standard Workshop, Austin, TX
University of Illinois Turfgrass and Landscape Field Day, Urbana, IL.
State Master Gardener Convention, Champaign, IL
Agricultural Equipment Technology Conference, Kansas City, MO
Consumer Labeling Initiative Committee
IN/IL Turfgrass Short Course, Willowbrook, IL
University of Illinois Pest Management in Greenhouses Workshop, Urbana, IL
University of Illinois College of ACES Open House, Urbana, IL
Illinois State Fair, Springfield, IL
Insect Expo, Champaign, IL
Master Gardener Training
Operation Safe Aerial Fly-in Workshop, Rantoul, IL
Illinois Network for Agricultural Safety and Health
Environmental Stewardship Days, Clinton, IL
Purdue Pest Control Conference, W. Lafayette, IN
Insecticidal Nematode Workshop, New Brunswick, NJ
Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA
National Turf Insect Workshop, Geneva, NY

Campus-Based Classes Taught by PAT Specialists
Phil Nixon.
Helped develop and co-taught NRES 300 - Insect Pests of Ornamental Plants.
Michelle Wiesbrook and Phil Nixon
. Guest lectured in NRES 259 - Landscape Plants Production.

Mark Mohr, extension specialist in agricultural engineering, was hired in October, 1999. He is primarily responsible for application equipment technology and calibration education. With a farming background in east-central Illinois, Mark continues to be active in his family's farm. Mark has a B.S. degree in Agricultural Mechanization and is pursuing a M.S. degree in Crop Production, both from the University of Illinois.

David Williams is the new coordinator of the University of Illinois PAT program. He is an Extension Specialist and Professor in the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences with expertise in nursery management and weed control of ornamental plants. He is also the Director of the University of Illinois Arboretum. Dave has actively participated in PAT for over twenty years as a teacher and author.

Pesticide Safety Education Specialists

PAT Advisory Team

Appendix A

Professional Improvement by PAT Specialists
Professional Society Involvement
American Association of Pesticide Safety Educators
American Phytopathological Society
American Phytopathological Society, IPM Committee
American Society of Agricultural Engineers
Bonsai Society of Central Illinois
Entomological Society of America
Entomological Society of America, LaFage Award Committee
Illinois Network for Agricultural Safety and Health
Illinois Turfgrass Foundation
Journal of Medical Entomology Editorial Board
Michigan Entomological Society
North Central American Phytopathological Society
North Central Weed Science Society
Region 5 EPA State and Federal Regulatory Committee Members
Systematic Resources Committee - ESA
Weed Science Society of America

University Committee Involvement
Ag. Engineering/PAT Search Committee
2000 Crop Protection Technology Conference committee
Crop Systems Development Team
Extension Specialist - Spanish Translation search committee
Extension Annual Conference planning committee
Extension Mailing List planning committee
Grounds Advisory Committee
Horticulture Development Team
IPM Development Team
Pesticide Drift Pamphlet and Inservice Committee
Public Health IPM Committee
Spanish Landscape Maintenance Workshop Committee
Urban IPM Development Team

Other Committees
Consumer Labeling Initiative Committee
Certification and Training Advisory Group
Illinois Natural History Survey Collections Committee
IPM in Schools Subcommittee
National Pesticide Certification and Training Group
Purdue Pest Control Conference Planning Committee
Structural Pest Control Advisory Council
Urban Programs Committee - USEPA
Worker Protection Standard Stakeholders Committee

Appendix B

Support Trainers
Commercial PAT Trainers:
Campus Faculty: Loren Bode, Luke Cella, Linda Mason (Purdue University), Denny Schrock, Christy Sprague, Tom Voigt, David Williams

Crops Educators: Dale Baird, Stan Eden, Rhonda Ferree, Ellen Phillips

Horticulture Educators: Barb Larson, Dave Robson, Jim Schuster, Bruce Spangenberg, Greg Stack, Sharon Yiesla

Integrated Pest Management Educators: Dave Feltes, Pablo Kalnay, Fred Miller

Natural Resources Management Educators: John Church, Duane Friend

Private PAT Clinics
Animal Systems Educators: Wes Winter

Crop Systems Educators: Dale Baird, Robert Bellm, Dennis Bowman, Gary Bretthauer, Bill Brink, Kyle Cecil, Greg Clark, Bill Dare, Stan Eden, Dennis Epplin, Pete Fandel, Rhonda Ferree, Doug Gucker, Bill Hall, Omar Koester, Dido Kotile, Gary Letterly, Matt Montgomery, Jim Morrison, Ellen Phillips, Mike Roegge, Marion Shier, Keith Worner

Horticulture Educators: Ron Cornwell, Bruce Spangenberg, Gregg Stack, William Whiteside

Integrated Pest Management Educators: Susan Bissonnette, Dave Feltes, Mark Hoard, Pablo Kalnay, Fredric Miller, Loretta Ortiz-Ribbing, Joe Toman

Natural Resources Management Educators: Tony Bratsch, John Church, Mike Plumer, David Shiley

Unit Leaders: Don Frederick, John Fulton, Harold Hunzicker, Ike Leeper, Ron Waldrop, Lynn Weis

Campus Faculty: Linda Mason (Purdue University - Grain Fumigation training)

Appendix C

Summary of Accomplishments
Accomplishment Date
Illinois Pesticide Review Newsletter 6 Issues
WPS Training Verification Card Distribution (28) All Season
Private PAT Clinics (124) All Season
Commercial PAT Clinics (30) All Season
Pesticide Safety Education Website (approx. 50,000 hits) All Year
Reducing Pesticide Exposures at Home Presentation July, 1999
Moral Dilemmas with Methyl Parathion Issue Workshop August, 1999
Spanish Pesticide Safety Manual (new) September, 1999
Private Applicator Manual revison October, 1999
Private Applicator Workbook revision October, 1999
Private Applicator Trainer's Guide revision October, 1999
Private Applicator Slide Set, CD, and Notes revision October, 1999
Private Applicator Train-the-Trainer Session October, 1999
Grain Facility Manual revision October, 1999
Pesticide Laws Addendum - GS Workbook revision October, 1999
Right of Way Workbook revision November, 1999
Worker Protection Standards Training November, 1999
Techniques for Reducing Spray Drift Presentation November, 1999
Illinois Agricultural Pest Management Handbook revision January, 2000
Illinois Commercial Landscape & Turf Pest Handbook revision January, 2000
Master Gardener Manual Pesticide Safety Section revision January, 2000
Ornamentals & Turf Workbook revision January, 2000
WPS Spanish Train-the-Trainer Display Jan.-Feb., 2000
Hort Industry Survey Jan.-Apr., 2000
General Standards Workbook revision February, 2000
Worker Protection Standards Training February, 2000
Drift Complaint Inservice March, 2000
IPM in Schools Workshops (4) & Presentation (1) Apr.-May, 2000
Operation Safe Fly-in Workshop April, 2000
Use of Information Technology in PAT Presentation June, 2000