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Pesticide Safety Education Program

Illinois Annual Report 2001/2002

Introduction

Illinois law, in accordance with the Federal Environmental Pesticide Control Act, requires that anyone who purchases or uses pesticides classified as "restricted use" must be certified as a commercial pesticide applicator or operator, or a private (farmer) pesticide applicator. In addition, those who apply "general use" pesticides commercially must also be certified. The responsibilities of the Illinois Department of Agriculture (IDoA) and University of Illinois Extension (Extension) in pesticide certification and training are clearly defined. The IDoA, as lead agency, has responsibility for the certification and issuing of permits or licenses to persons who apply pesticides. Extension, working in cooperation with IDoA staff, is responsible for conducting educational training programs for private, commercial, and public pesticide applicators and operators.

Since 1966, Extension has been conducting training schools for private applicators, and commercial agricultural and urban operators and applicators. The purpose is to train applicators and operators in the proper and safe use of pesticides to prevent misuse and to avoid accidents. In addition to keeping applicators up-to-date on new developments in both chemical and nonchemical pest control methods, the training sessions help to prepare applicants to pass examinations required for obtaining a license or certification. This quality pesticide safety education is ultimately vital to Illinois residents in terms of public health protection and environmental stewardship.

Support
Initial funding for Pesticide Applicator Training (PAT) was provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) through the USDA Federal Extension Service, starting in 1974. These funds have been reduced over the years in amount and also in value due to inflation.

The Pesticide Control Fund, approved by the Illinois State Legislature in August 1985, provides funds to the IDoA "for the purpose of conducting a public educational program on the proper use of pesticides and for other activities related to the enforcement of this act." This fund provides the bulk of the dollars needed to conduct educational programs related to the safe and proper use of pesticides.

Program Goals and Mission

The goal of our program is to reach all users of pesticides in Illinois with educational information on the effective, economic, and environmentally sound use of pesticides.

Our mission is two-fold:

1. To provide training through PAT for private and commercial applicators in Illinois.

2. To provide pesticide education to a diverse audience in "other related" program areas such as worker protection, pesticide recordkeeping, water quality, endangered species, IPM, food safety, etc.

Pesticides are important tools in production agriculture, enabling producers to manage pests such as insects, weeds, and diseases. Pesticides are also important in helping maintain attractive and useful landscapes. Pesticides play an important role in public health in control of nuisance pests and disease vectors such as mosquitoes. Homeowners routinely use pesticides for pest control in and around the home. Extension Pesticide Safety Educators provide educational and training programs to address Health, the Environment, Pest Management, and Pesticide Safety. Here are some of the ways we do it:

HEALTH:

• Understanding health effects from the misuse of pesticides
• Food Safety
• Water Quality issues
• Worker Protection for Agricultural Pesticides
• Personal safety of applicators
• Vector control programs
• Application-education
• Home use of pesticides

ENVIRONMENT:

• Water Quality
• Prevention of adverse effects to the ecology
• Endangered Species
• Sustainable Agriculture & IPM
• Calibration; application; and drift reduction
• Disposal of pesticides

PEST MANAGEMENT:

• Pest Identification
• Nonchemical Controls
• Pesticide Selection
• Pesticide Timing

PESTICIDE SAFETY:

• Understanding pesticide labels
• Selection of pesticides
• Understanding health effects of pesticides
• Proper application of pesticides
• Personal protection
• Proper storage

PAT Office

The University of Illinois Extension Pesticide Applicator Training (PAT) Program maintains an office to carry out needed administrative and secretarial functions. Close interaction with the Illinois Department of Agriculture regarding the number of attendees at each clinic and other operational issues results in consistent information from both training and testing personnel to our PAT clinic attendees.

Communication

Key to the PAT customer's satisfaction is the ability to communicate through fax, telephone, voice mail or U.S. mail. Our telephone system includes 24-hour voice mail, an automated attendant to assist the caller in selecting which option is needed and a direct rollover option to the Illinois Department of Agriculture. There are currently 56 voice mail lines so that a busy signal does not occur. With the high volume of calls (11,000 per year), this system helps direct patrons to the phone service they need in a timely manner. The Commercial and Private schedule, plus other pertinent clinic information is also available on the University of Illinois Pesticide Safety Education web site (www.pesticidesafety.uiuc.edu). Clients can easily print and mail or fax the forms to register for clinics and/or order study materials.

Customer Satisfaction

The PAT office also sells educational materials. Customer response is very positive since they are able to register plus order desired materials in one telephone call. Mailing of requested educational materials is promised within 72 hours, however this is usually accomplished the same day. During the past year, 6,566 publications were sold to customers from the PAT office. PAT educational materials are also available at the commercial clinics where 995 publications were sold this past training season.

Prior to this year's training season, hardware, software plus operating procedures were analyzed in detail within the PAT office. In order to optimize resources, several on-line changes were initiated to the mirror databases, which proved to increase the delivery of service from the office.

Data entry within the PAT offices utilizes two relational databases that work behind the scenes to automate the customer's registration and/ or publication order. This allows one to enter information while talking to clientele, calculate the total cost, and provide a confirmation number prior to ending the phone conversation. This professionalism adds confidence to the interaction between the PAT office and our customers.

Commercial PAT Programs

Pesticide Training and Certification Clinics for commercial applicators and operators were conducted at 28 sites during the months of November through May. At these meetings, 7,426 commercial applicators and operators were trained (Table 1). In addition to General Standards Training, Category Training was offered in the areas of Field Crops, Turf, Ornamentals, Rights-of-Way, Aquatics, Plant Management, Seed Treatment, Demonstration and Research, Mosquito, and Grain Facility.

General Standards training is conducted by using a computer projector controlled by a laptop computer. This setup utilizing PowerPoint software allows easy adjustments to the presentations. Computer-aided training is also used during several category training sessions.

Special Clinics
Three special training clinics were held for Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) personnel during November. Snow plowing responsibilities commonly hamper their ability to attend regular training clinics during the winter. A general standards training clinic was held at the Illinois Fertilizer and Chemical Association Meeting on January 22.

Publications and Educational Assistance
Each attendee receives a workbook and pencil to aid note-taking and information retention. All PAT manuals and workbooks are available for purchase at each clinic for home study and reference. Bilingual General Standards workbooks in Spanish and English are provided for Hispanic clientele. Videotapes covering General Standards training are available for purchase and also for viewing at Unit Extension Offices for those who wish to reinforce on-site training or study at their own pace. We also provide sample copies and information concerning our PAT website and Extension newsletters for clinic attendees' continued education.

Trainers
Champaign-Urbana extension personnel conducted much of the clinic training. Extension Educators throughout the state, particularly in northeastern Illinois, also assisted with the training (page 20). Extension specialists in Champaign-Urbana provided assistance to the training efforts of these Extension Educators by furnishing slides, notes, and other training materials. This afforded additional educational contacts for the participating Extension Educators and allowed the campus-based staff to pursue appropriate additional activities.

CCAs
While preparing for the pesticide applicator certification exam, 76 Certified Crop Advisers received a total of 268.5 Continuing Education Units after attending approved category training (Field Crops, Seed Treatment, and Grain Facility).

Evaluation
Evaluation forms were handed out at several training clinics with 409 trainees submitting completed evaluations on five General Standards training sessions. Evaluations were also conducted at category training sessions for Turfgrass, Ornamentals, and Rights-of-Way with 56 submitting completed forms. Questions were asked concerning the usefulness of the pesticide clinic booklet and training workbooks, effectiveness of the pre-registration and publication purchase processes, and teaching quality and content of each session topic. The responses on each of these questions averaged very good for General Standards and each category. Selections on each item were: Excellent, Very Good, Average, Poor, and Very Poor. Responses were recorded by clientele on Scantron forms and tabulated by the University of Illinois Office of Instructional Resources. Written comments were also solicited and these were tabulated by PAT Office personnel.

Private PAT Programs

In contrast to Commercial PAT clinics, Private PAT clinics are Unit-based, meaning that Unit Leaders, Unit Educators and Center Educators are responsible for scheduling, hosting, and conducting all Private PAT clinics. In addition, the Illinois Department of Agriculture (IDoA) offers certification testing following all PAT clinics. Thus, an efficient working relationship between Extension and IDA is critical to the scheduling process.

Based on IDoA's pre-season estimate, there were 2,334 Private Applicators in need of recertification during the 01/02 season. Although this is the normally low year in the 3-year cycle, it also represents a 8% decrease from three years ago. About 88% of these applicators were served by the scheduled training and testing clinics. The remaining applicators either attended a test-only session or no longer required a license for various reasons. In response to IDoA's county-specific recertification estimates, Unit Leaders, Educators, and IDoA inspectors did an excellent job of scheduling an appropriate number of clinics. As shown in Table 2, there were 63 training and testing clinics across our state, which has 102 counties.

This year the Private PAT program took its first step into the world of "distance education." Six speakers from six different locations used the Latitude Bridge conferencing format to present the Private PAT program to clients at four different locations in northern Illinois. Based on exam results and on-site evaluations, this format meets the needs of private applicators. In addition, since this format encourages participation by multiple instructors from anywhere in the state, clientele can benefit from the diversity in speakers and their experience. We are currently evaluating the potential impact of gradually implementing this delivery format state-wide, considering the needs of our clients, Extension offices, Pesticide Safety Educators, and IDoA inspectors.

The use of clinic pre-registration decreased this year, with 66% of the training and testing clinics reporting its use. Clients were charged a fee at 27% of the training and testing clinics, and fees ranged from $5 to $10 per person.

Private PAT clinics were conducted by 34 trainers, with the median number of clinics per trainer being 2, while the maximum was 11. Most often (53% of the time), training was conducted by two trainers per clinic, while 32%, 8%, and 6% of the time, training was conducted by 1, 3, or 6 trainers, respectively. Training typically lasted about 3 hours, while there were a few cases (2%; compared to 9% last season) where training was less than 2.5 hours. The Private PAT workbook was used by the audience at 68% of the clinics.

However, only 23% of the clinic reports indicate the workbook being used by more than 50% of the audience. Electronic presentations (PowerPoint) were used at 74% of the clinics, compared to 61% and 37% the previous two seasons.

Program funding last season allowed us to continue to reimburse part of the cost of renting larger facilities for Private PAT clinics. As a result of this reimbursement program, $815 were used to help fund seven Private PAT clinics. In addition, the Trainer Reimbursement Program was continued in order to lessen the financial burden (via partial mileage reimbursement) for trainers who necessarily conduct an unusually high number of clinics. As a result of this reimbursement program, $248 were used to assist one trainer.

We work with the Private PAT trainers throughout the year using email, the Illinois Pesticide Review Newsletter, and mailings to keep everyone aware of new information concerning pesticide regulations and training. Pertinent information from USEPA and other sources is forwarded to them electronically and by other means. In addition, an internal website is used to aid Unit Leaders and Educators in scheduling Private PAT clinics and answering common PAT program questions. This site is also used to distribute updated PowerPoint slides and slide notes. We continually work with our trainers to maintain and improve the quality of training that they provide. For example, two off-campus trainers joined the campus-based team at the North Central Region Pesticide Education and Certification Workshop held in Des Moines, IA in June 2002.

Drift Education Activities

Horticultural Drift Field Day
Drift reduction strategies and equipment using a portable spray table were presented during two one-hour sessions, reaching 40 crop advisers, grain and horticultural producers, custom applicators, and ag-industry representatives in Shabbona, IL.

UIUC Agronomy Day
Mark Mohr presented a tour stop on pesticide drift reduction techniques and equipment, reaching seven tour groups (about 200 attendees). The Urbana, IL event was attended by approximately 1,300 crop advisors, producers, custom applicators, ag-industry representatives.

Growmark Applicator Meetings
Drift reduction strategies and equipment calibration techniques, including spray table demonstrations, were presented to 42 custom applicators at three meetings around Illinois. This provided in-depth focus, free discussion of the topics, and enabled applicators to ask specific questions regarding their experiences.

Worker Protection Standard

Bruce Paulsrud and Michelle Wiesbrook lead Extension's Worker Protection Standard (WPS) efforts. The WPS program was crafted in 1992 and fully implemented in 1995. Beginning in June 2000, stakeholders began meeting to discuss the status of the WPS, a program aimed at reducing the risk of agricultural pesticide poisonings and injuries among farm, forestry, nursery, and greenhouse workers. The three-year reassessment process began with EPA asking stakeholders to discuss their key concerns about the WPS program and follow-up meetings focused on how, if at all, the WPS should be changed. Michelle Wiesbrook has been participating in these national workshops. This year she was part of a stakeholder workgroup that was given the charge of making general training issue recommendations to EPA. After several months of telenet and face to face meetings, the group completed their charge. EPA will consider those recommendations and announce any changes to the WPS sometime in 2003 at a final reassessment meeting.

In addition to the WPS materials available on the Pesticide Safety Education website and traditional newsletter articles, we informed employers, producers, IDA inspectors, and educators about the WPS in the following ways:

PAT Clinics
Since PAT clinics meet the WPS training requirements, agricultural employers have the option of sending their agricultural workers and handlers to these clinics for WPS training. Each PAT trainer is certified to distribute worker and handler WPS Training Verification Cards to clientele. To receive a card, the client simply needs to request one following training. These cards are optional, and the client does not need to take an exam to receive one. For this reporting period, seven (2 Worker, 5 Handler) WPS cards were distributed by University of Illinois staff.

IDoA Inspector In-service
In cooperation with U.S. EPA and IDoA, the PAT team offered a WPS mock-inspection in-service for IDoA inspectors on March 22, 2002. In addition to presentations about WPS provisions and inspection procedures, the inspectors received instruction regarding personal protective equipment and interviewed five different employer and employee "actors" regarding WPS compliance. On-site evaluations revealed that the inspectors felt the in-service was very useful and that it made them better prepared to conduct WPS inspections.

Program Benefit: Nationally, these programs have shown to maintain pesticides that would otherwise be lost to producers. Our educational programs help regulatory programs with voluntary compliance through better understanding.

Pesticide Security

Mass Media
This year saw the importance of security brought to the forefront of many pesticide education programs. In response to concerns founded on the September 11 terrorist attacks, Mark Mohr authored a Pesticide Security news release and worked with University of Illinois publicity offices to ensure its wide distribution in Illinois and regional industry print media. The press release on secure storage techniques was carried in both of the leading statewide agricultural newspapers and three prominent and leading agricultural magazines. The information in the release was carried nation-wide by the worldwide web and other agricultural organization newsletters, including the Missisippi Agricultural Consultants Association. Additionally, pesticide security was the topic of a newspaper business feature and a television news story, both featuring interviews with PAT specialists.

Poster and Fact Sheet
A poster depicting eleven action items to enhance pesticide storage security was also developed. The poster was prominently displayed at the University of Illinois Ornamental and Turfgrass Field Day, and will be used at upcoming field days and extension events including PAT clinics.

A pesticide storage and security fact sheet was also developed and posted to the Illinois PAT website. Printed copies will be available at PAT clinics and other extension programs.

Operation Safe-Fly-in Workshops

Mark Mohr conducted an "Operation Safe." fly-in with the Illinois Agricultural Aviation Association held at aviator Rick Reed's facilities, Reed's Fly-on Farming at the Coles County Memorial Airport near Mattoon, Illinois. Two agricultural-aviators attended and had their airplane's spray pattern tested for application uniformity under several configurations. Weather deterred more pilots from attending, and the clinic was shortened by uncooperative high winds and the forecast for more of the same. The event can still be considered a success considering the impact of training agricultural aviators. Agricultural airplanes can apply to 600-1000 acres per hour, and many tens-of-thousands of acres seasonally, including grain, horticultural crops, and forests. The impact of training these applicators continues to make them important clientele of pesticide safety education programs.

Educational Materials

The University of Illinois PAT program publishes sixteen manuals that address most areas of pesticide certification in Illinois. Nine workbooks are produced to cover the ten most commonly licensed areas. Our manuals and workbooks continue to be used not only as references and learning tools before and during training clinics, but also as self-tutorial guides for those who wish to study on their own. These publications allow us to educate more operators and applicators than actually attend PAT clinics.

The Private PAT program materials received minor updates this year including the revision of several slides and slide notes.

Several new category manuals have been produced and are in various stages of the editing, design, and printing processes. They are being produced in several categories that contain few licensees and replace the study packets that have been used in the past. New category manuals for Livestock, Pesticide Dealer, Soil Fumigation, and Demonstration & Research were printed as well as revisions for Seed Treatment and Ornamentals. An Ornamentals Addendum to the previous Ornamentals manual was developed, printed, and distributed during the past year. The revised Ornamentals manual has now eliminated its purpose. New manuals in Aerial General Standards, Forestry and Fruit & Vegetable categories are written and are in the process of final design and printing.

Since early 1999, we have offered a Bilingual General Standards workbook for use by Spanish-speaking clients as they prepare for the Pesticide Operator certification exam. This workbook is identical to the English General Standards workbook except that for each English page, the opposite page offers a Spanish translation including technical vocabulary words used during training. This workbook is useful during training, but because training is fast-paced, clients will likely receive more benefit by spending additional time studying the material outside of the classroom setting prior to taking the English exam. This workbook was revised in 2002.

In addition to the Bilingual General Standards workbook, workbooks for General Standards, Field Crops, Seed Treatment, Aquatics, Plant Management, Ornamentals, and Turf were revised.

The Illinois Agricultural Pest Management Handbook was revised and printed. An addendum was prepared and published on the internet for the Illinois Commercial Landscape & Turf Pest Management Handbook. These handbooks provide important specific information on pest management to Private and Commercial Applicators.

Mass Media

During the past year, the PAT specialists increased the knowledge of proper pesticide application, new developments in human and environmental pesticide safety, and recently enacted rules and regulations through the radio, television, newspapers, and magazines. At least 34 newspaper and magazine articles were published as the result of news interviews or news releases produced by PAT specialists. Ten radio programs spanning more than three hours of air time were used to promote proper pesticide use. Information from PAT specialists was featured in 3 television programs.

Illinois Pesticide Review
Six issues of The Illinois Pesticide Review newsletter were published this year. This bimonthly newsletter is written by PAT specialists in Illinois to address pesticide safety issues, regulatory information, and changes in pesticide registration and label status. Each issue contains at least one in-depth article addressing current pesticide issues or University of Illinois pesticide-related activities. The newsletter has been available as a traditional paper subscription and electronically on the Pesticide Safety Education website. This website was improved this year with a better search engine. Each issue is also available in PDF format on the web. The automatic e-mail notification system, created last year to immediately notify Illinois Pesticide Review readers when new issues are posted to our website, is still successful with just over 150 readers registered.

World Wide Web
The Pesticide Safety Education internet web site (www.pesticidesafety.uiuc.edu) continues to provide up-to-date information. Visitors will find the electronic version of the Illinois Pesticide Review newsletter, information about Commercial and Private PAT schedules, and a host of valuable links to other pesticide-related sites. Several new fact sheets were developed, including "Pesticide Storage and Security."

These efforts serve to keep clientele up-to-date about pesticide safety issues outside of the pesticide clinics that they attend. Important information is communicated to the clientele when it is needed. In addition, many homeowners and other Illinois residents learn how to apply pesticides correctly and safely in and around their homes.

Program Benefit: Our PAT programs have a value-added approach. Participants come to our training not only because they need information to pass the licensing examination, but also to obtain additional information that is important in terms of public health protection, environmental stewardship, and plant protection.

Homeowner Programs

Illinois homeowners and other residents are educated by Extension on proper pesticide use through the Master Gardener Program, Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP), and various gardening, home safety, and other programs. Training is provided to Master Gardeners through the pesticide safety section of the Illinois Master Gardener Handbook and color slides that were prepared by the PAT Specialists. The Home, Yard, and Garden Pest Guide provides important pest management information on specific pests to Illinois residents. Included in this guide is a section on pesticide safety. Much of this pest guide was written by the PAT specialists.

Pesticide Safety Training for Retail Sales Personnel
Pesticide Safety Training for Retail Sales Personnel was held in Quincy, Decatur, and Rockford. This training provides sales personnel with the necessary basis for addressing their customer's questions on pest management with safe and satisfactory answers. Nineteen businesses sent employees to the three sessions which had a total attendance of about 55 people including some Master Gardeners. These sessions were organized by Pablo Kalnay, one of our support trainers, and funded by an USEPA grant.

The tone of the presentation is set by the questions likely to arise from homeowners and gardeners buying general-use pesticides, and from situations likely to occur in the stores during the early spring season when most of the pesticide-related sales take place. The sessions are interactive, with the attendants participating through their questions and comments. Insect and weed identification samples are available for hands-on training.

Evaluations conducted were very positive with the overall evaluation from Quincy being a 4.2, Decatur a 4.6, and Rockford a 4.1 on a scale of 1-5 with 5 being excellent. Individual sessions on Insect ID, Weed ID, References, Pesticide Safety, Spills, and Local Resources all averaged from 4.1 to 4.7. Several of the written comments were that the session was extremely helpful and very informative. There were no negative comments.

Program Benefit: Many homeowners and other Illinois residents learn how to apply pesticides correctly and safely in and around their homes. They also gain an appreciation of the efforts being made to use pesticides in a manner that reduces the impact to human health, wildlife, and the environment while maximizing the low-cost production of food and providing aesthetically pleasing landscapes and roadsides.

Program Improvements

The University of Illinois PAT program responded to pesticide security concerns following the 9/11 terrorist attacks with a variety of mass media efforts and the production of a poster and fact sheet used at educational programs and posted on the PAT website.

Bruce Paulsrud established an on-line reporting form to streamline data collection for the Private Applicator Training clinics. He also maintains and improves PAT's intranet site that educators for both the private and commercial clinics use to easily access PowerPoint presentations and other teaching aids.

Mark Mohr co-hosted a display on "smart sprayer" technologies demonstrating the capability to target and selectively spray weeds in a cropping environment, showing the potential to reduce weed management cost and its environmental impact. This display was presented at a NASULGC Reception in Washington DC for Members of the US Congress and their aides, and at the University of Illinois College of ACES Open House, Urbana IL for the general public.

Members of the PAT team converted several category presentations (Seed Treatment, Grain Facility, Turfgrass & Ornamentals calibration, Rights-of-Way weeds, Aquatics weed management, Field Crop diseases, and Field Crop weeds) to PowerPoint. Informal feedback suggests that clients appreciate the improved visibility, animation, and interactivity of digital presentations. Digital presentations are also inexpensive and easily shared with Extension Educators who assist with training.

Since 1998, the PAT team has worked with the Illinois Dept. of Ag. to review exam questions (based on our PAT manuals) for use in the certification process. As a result, both parties feel more comfortable with the exams given to our clients. During 2001, we assisted the IL Dept. of Ag. in reviewing eight banks of exam questions that were used to create new tests for the following PAT categories: Field Crops, Turfgrass, Mosquito, Aquatics, Ornamentals, Soil Fumigation, Aerial General Standards, and Seed Treatment.

Program Benefit: The benefits of our pesticide safety educational programs far exceed the costs. We improve the quality of pesticide applicators in Illinois by increasing their level of pesticide knowledge and safe use. In evaluations of private and commercial applicators conducted in previous years, participants reported significant change in the way they handled pesticides. After training, applicators were more likely to refer to pesticide labels, use safety equipment, and calibrate application equipment.

Other Programs

Off-Season Clientele Interaction
The PAT team is integral to communicating pest identification, scouting, and recommendations to commercial pesticide applicators in Illinois. They annually answer large numbers of individual weed, disease, and insect pest queries by telephone, mail, e-mail, Distance Diagnostic System, and through the Plant Clinic. Phil Nixon coordinates production of the urban pest management handbooks and Home, Yard, and Garden Pest Newsletter to which the other PAT specialists routinely contribute. Articles are also written for the Pest Management and Crop Development Bulletin. The PAT specialists are authors of several chapters in the Illinois Agricultural Pest Managment Handbook, Illinois Commercial Landscape and Turfgrass Pest Management Handbook, and Home, Yard, and Garden Pest Guide.

Workshops, Shows, and Meeting Participation by PAT Specialists

  • Classroom Dynamics with Diverse Students Seminar, Urbana, IL
  • Dreamweaver 4 FAST 3 Website Construction Software Workshop, Urbana, IL
  • Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA
  • Identification and Use of Woody Ornamental Plants Course, Urbana, IL
  • Illinois Dept. of Agriculture Field Inspector In-service, Urbana, IL
  • Illinois Dept. of Public Health Training Seminar, Urbana, IL
  • Illinois State Fair, Springfield, IL International Meeting of the ASAE, Chicago, IL
  • Landscape Uses for Exotic and Native Ornamental Grasses Course, Urbana, IL
  • North Central Region Pesticide Education and Certification Workshop, Des Moines, IA
  • North-Central Turf Expo, St. Charles, IL Ohio Florists Association Conference, Columbus, OH
  • Poison Center Toxicology Conference, Chicago, IL
  • ProHort Pruning workshop, Peoria, IL
  • Purdue Pest Control Conference, W. Lafayette, IN
  • Region 5 EPA Pre-SFIREG Committee, Chicago, IL
  • Southern Illinois Grounds Maintenance School, Collinsville, IL
  • Southern Region Pesticide Safety Education Center, Raleigh, NC
  • Spraying Systems Tour, Wheaton, IL
  • Turfgrass Insect Workers Conference, Madison, WI
  • University of Illinois Agronomy Day, Urbana, IL
  • University of Illinois Annual Extension Conference, Urbana, IL
  • University of Illinois Crop Protection Technology Conference, Urbana, IL
  • University of Illinois Horticulture Field Day, Urbana, IL
  • WPS General Training Issues Workgroup Meetings, Washington, DC, El Paso, TX

Major Invited Talks Given by PAT Specialists

  • Carle Rural Health Farm Safety Day, Pesticide Safety Around the Home and Farm, Flatville, IL
  • College of ACES Open House, Selective Weed Control Using Variable Rate Application and Precision Agriculture, Urbana, IL
  • Conservation Field Day, Insect Anatomy and Biology, Altamont, IL
  • Entomology Field Techniques IWIN Course, Insect Traps, Turf Insect Sampling, Tree Insect Collecting Techniques, Danville, IL
  • Extension Educator Inservice, Ecological and Cultural Control of Insects, Urbana, IL
  • Ford & Sons/Ferti-lome Retailer meetings, Plant Disease: Something Old, Something New, Peoria & Rockford, IL
  • Gardeners Days, Insect Pests of Flowers, Nonchemical Insect Control, Macomb, IL
  • Growmark Applicator Meetings, Drift Reduction Strategies and Equipment Calibration Techniques, Mt. Vernon, Bloomington, and Litchfield, IL
  • Home Nursery Bilingual Workshop, Disease Identification: Nursery Plants, Albers, IL
  • Horticultural Drift Field Day, Pesticide Drift Reduction Strategies and Equipment, Shabbona, IL
  • IDoA Inspector In-service tours, Diagnosis of Nursery Diseases (Kankakee, IL), Diagnosis and Management of Fruit, Vegetable, and Sod Pests, Update on Ornamentals Insect Pests (Urbana, IL)
  • Kramer Tree Specialists In-service tour, Diagnosis of Conifer Diseases, Northeastern, IL
  • IPM Development Team Inservice, Urban Insect Update, Urbana, IL
  • Master Gardener Advanced Training, Compost Insects, Rodents, and Other Pests, Champaign, IL
  • North-Central Turf Expo, Disease Management of Landscape Plants, Cicada Killers & Sand Wasps, Turf Insect Update, Landscape Pest Workshop, St. Charles, IL
  • Operation Safe Fly-in, Aircraft Pesticide Application Uniformity Testing, Mattoon, IL
  • Parkland College, Spray Table Nozzle Application Demonstration, Champaign, IL
  • School Science Fair, Invasive Insects, Oakwood, IL
  • Southern Illinois Grounds Maintenance Workshop, Insects Attacking Flowers in the Landscape, Collinsville, IL
  • University of Illinois Agronomy Day, Pesticide Drift Reduction Techniques and Equipment, Urbana, IL
  • University of Illinois course lecture, Pesticide Laws, Worker Protection, and Personal Protective Equipment, Urbana, IL
  • University of Illinois Turfgrass and Ornamentals Field Day, Tolerance of Field-Grown Ornamental Grasses to Preemergence Herbicides, Pesticide Storage Security Display, Insect Pest Update, Urbana, IL
  • Viticulture Summer Meeting, Air-blast Sprayer Calibration, Pesticide Mixing, and Personal Protection Equipment Use, Carbondale, IL
  • WPS Inspector Training, several presentations, Urbana, IL

Pesticide Safety Education Specialists

Support Trainers

Commercial PAT Clinics
Campus Faculty: Raymond Cloyd, Aaron Hager, Linda Mason (Purdue University), Tom Voigt

Crop Systems Educators: Dale Baird, Robert Bellm, Bill Brink, Pete Fandel, Ellen Phillips

Horticulture Educators: Susan Grupp, Barb Larson, Dave Robson, Jim Schuster, Martha Smith, Bruce Spangenberg, Sharon Yiesla

Integrated Pest Management Educators: Dave Feltes, Mark Hoard, Pablo Kalnay, Joerg Schmidt-Bailey

Natural Resources Management Educators: John Church, Duane Friend

Private PAT Clinics
Animal Systems Educators: Wes Winter

Campus Faculty: Bruce Paulsrud, Linda Mason (Purdue University)

Crop Systems Educators: Dale Baird, Robert Bellm, Dennis Bowman, Bill Brink, Aaron Dufelmeier, Stan Eden, Dennis Epplin, Sean Evans, Pete Fandel, Doug Gucker, Omar Koester, Gary Letterly, Matt Montgomery, Jim Morrison, Ellen Philips, Mike Roegge, Marion Shier, Keith Worner

Horticulture Educators: Maurice Ogutu, Greg Stack

Integrated Pest Management Educators: Suzanne Bissonnette, Dave Feltes, Russ Higgins, Mark Hoard

Natural Resources Management Educators: Kyle Cecil, Mike Plumer, David Shiley

Unit Leaders: Rhonda Ferree, Don Frederick, John Fulton, Ron Waldrop

PAT Advisory Team

Appendix A

Professional Improvement by PAT Specialists
Professional Society Involvement
American Association of Pesticide Safety Educators (AAPSE)
AAPSE Non-English Language Needs in Pesticide Education Committee
American Phytopathological Society
American Society of Agricultural Engineers
Bonsai Society of Central Illinois
Entomological Society of America (ESA)
ESA Journal of Medical Entomology Editorial Committee
ESA Systematic Resources Committee
Illinois Farm Bureau Illinois Network for Agricultural Safety and Health
Illinois Turfgrass Foundation
Michigan Entomological Society
North Central American Phytopathological Society
North Central Weed Science Society
Region 5 EPA State and Federal Regulatory Committee
Weed Science Society of America

University Committee Involvement
Crop Protection Technology Conference Committee
Crop Systems Development Team
Extension Spanish Language Programming Task Force
Crop Sciences Academic Professional Advisory Committee
Crop Sciences Extension & Outreach Committee
Spanish Language Programming Task Force Grounds Advisory Committee
Horticulture Development Team
IPM Development Team
NRES Academic Professional Advisory Committee
NRES Extension & Outreach Committee

Other Committees
Consumer Labeling Initiative Committee
IPM in Schools Education Committee
Interagency Committee on Pesticides
National Pesticide Certification and Training Advisory Group
Pesticide Applicator Test Validation Project - USEPA Region V
Purdue Pest Control Conference Planning Committee
Structural Pest Control Advisory Council
Urban Programs Committee - USEPA
Worker Protection Stakeholders Committee

Appendix B

Summary of Accomplishments (completion date)

  • Illinois Pesticide Review Newsletter - 6 Issues
  • 30 Commercial PAT Clinics (all season)
  • 7 WPS Cards Issued (all season)
  • 63 Private PAT Clinics (all season)
  • Livestock Pest Control Manual (July 2001)
  • Soil Fumigation Manual (August 2001)
  • Commercial PAT Clinic Schedule Printed (September 2001)
  • PAT Office Database and Program Upgrades (September 2001)
  • Private PAT Training Slides and Notes Revision (October 2001)
  • General Standards PowerPoint Presentation Revision (November 2001)
  • General Standards Workbook Revision (November 2001)
  • Field Crops Workbook Revision (November 2001)
  • Seed Treatment Manual Revision (November 2001)
  • Seed Treatment Workbook Revision (November 2001)
  • Field Crops Slide Set Revision (November 2001)
  • Private PAT Training via Distance Education (December 2001)
  • Ill. Agr. Pest Management Handbook Revision (January 2002)
  • Ornamental and Turf Workbook Revision (January 2002)
  • Demonstration & Research Manual (January 2002)
  • Dealer Manual (January 2002)
  • General Standards Bilingual Workbook Revision (January 2002)
  • Aerial General Standards Manual Draft (January 2002)
  • Aquatics Workbook Revision (January 2002)
  • Ornamentals Addendum (January 2002)
  • Grain Facility PowerPoint Presentation Revision (January 2002)
  • Pesticide Safety Training for Retail Sales Personnel (March 2002)
  • Evaluation Questionnaire for Commercial PAT Clinics (March 2002)
  • IDoA Inspector Inservice on WPS (March 2002)
  • Ill. Comm. Landscape & Turf Pest Man. Hdbk Addendum (April 2002)
  • Ornamentals Manual Revision (April 2002)
  • Plant Management Workbook Revision (April 2002)
  • Aerial Fly-In Clinic (April 2002)
  • Forest Manual Draft (June 2002)