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Pesticide Safety Education Program

Illinois Annual Report 1998/1999

Introduction

Illinois law, in accordance with the Federal Environmental Pesticide Control Act, requires that anyone who purchases or uses pesticides classified as "restricted use" must be certified as a commercial pesticide applicator or operator, or a private (farmer) pesticide applicator. In addition, those who apply "general use" pesticides commercially must also be certified. The responsibilities of the Illinois Department of Agriculture (IDA) and University of Illinois Extension (Extension) in pesticide certification and training are clearly defined. The IDA, as lead agency, has responsibility for the certification and issuing of permits or licenses to persons who apply pesticides. Extension, working in cooperation with IDA staff, is responsible for conducting educational training programs for private, commercial, and public pesticide applicators and operators.

Since 1966, Extension has been conducting training schools for private applicators, and commercial agricultural and urban operators and applicators. The purpose is to train applicators and operators in the proper and safe use of pesticides to prevent misuse and to avoid accidents. In addition to keeping applicators up-to-date on new developments in both chemical and nonchemical pest control methods, the training sessions help to prepare applicants to pass examinations required for obtaining a license or certification. This quality pesticide safety education is ultimately vital to Illinois residents in terms of public health protection and environmental stewardship.

Support
Initial funding for Pesticide Applicator Training (PAT) was provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) through the USDA Federal Extension Service, starting in 1974. These funds have been reduced over the years in amount and also in value due to inflation.

The Pesticide Control Fund, approved by the Illinois State Legislature in August 1985, provides funds to the IDA "for the purpose of conducting a public educational program on the proper use of pesticides and for other activities related to the enforcement of this act." This fund provides the bulk of the dollars needed to conduct educational programs related to the safe and proper use of pesticides.

Program Goals and Mission
The goal of our program is to reach all users of pesticides in Illinois with educational information on the effective, economic, and environmentally sound use of pesticides.

Our mission is two-fold:

1. To provide training through PAT for private and commercial applicators in Illinois.

2. To provide pesticide education to a diverse audience in "other related" program areas such as worker protection, pesticide recordkeeping, water quality, endangered species, IPM, food safety, etc.

Pesticides are important tools in production agriculture, enabling producers to manage pests such as insects, weeds, and diseases. Pesticides also play an important role in public health in control of nuisance pests and disease vectors such as mosquitoes. Homeowners routinely use pesticides for pest control in and around the home. CES Pesticide Safety Educators provide educational and training programs to address Health, the Environment, Pest Management, and Pesticide Safety. Here are some of the ways we do it!

HEALTH:

• Understanding health effects from the misuse of pesticides
• Food Safety
• Water Quality issues
• Worker Protection for Agricultural Pesticides
• Personal safety of applicators
• Vector control programs
• Application-education
• Home use of pesticides

ENVIRONMENT:

• Water Quality
• Prevention of adverse effects to the ecology
• Endangered Species
• Sustainable Agriculture & IPM
• Calibration; application; and drift reduction
• Disposal of pesticides

PEST MANAGEMENT:

• Pest Identification
• Nonchemical Controls
• Pesticide Selection
• Pesticide Timing

PESTICIDE SAFETY:

• Understanding pesticide labels
• Selection of pesticides
• Understanding health effects of pesticides
• Proper application of pesticides
• Personal protection
• Proper storage

PAT Office

The University of Illinois Extension Pesticide Applicator Training (PAT) program maintains an office to carry out needed administrative and secretarial functions. Close interaction with Illinois Department of Agriculture regarding attendees at each clinic and other operational issues results in consistent information from both training and testing personnel to our PAT clinic attendees.

Communication
Key to the PAT customer’s satisfaction is the ability to communicate with members of our program. Those seeking information can communicate through fax, telephone, voice-mail or U.S. mail. Our telephone system includes 24 hour voicemail, an automated attendant to assist one in selecting which option is needed and a direct rollover option to the Illinois Department of Agriculture. There are currently 56 voicemail lines so that busy signals do not occur. With the high volume of calls per day, this system helps direct patrons to the phone service they need in a timely manner.

The Commercial & Private schedule, plus other pertinent clinic information is also available on the University of Illinois Pesticide Safety Education web site. Furthermore, the Commercial and Private PAT schedule pages were reworked to simplify navigation and increase functionality. For example, clients can now easily print and mail the forms used to register for clinics and order study materials.

Customer Satisfaction
The PAT office also sells PAT educational materials. Customer response is very positive since they are able to register plus order desired materials in one telephone call. Mailing of requested educational materials is promised within 72 hours, however this is usually accomplished the same day. During the past year, 5798 publications were sold to customers from the PAT office. PAT educational materials are also available at the commercial PAT clinics where 818 publications were sold during the past year.

Data entry utilizes two relational databases that work behind the scenes to automate the customer’s registration and/or publication order. This allows data information to be entered while talking to clientele, have the program calculate exactly what the total cost is and provide patrons with a confirmation number before hanging up the phone. It is intended that this adds professionalism and confidence to the interaction between the PAT office and our customers.

Commercial PAT Programs

Pesticide Training and Certification Clinics for commercial applicators and operators were conducted at 30 sites during the months of October through May. At these meetings, 7,253 commercial applicators and operators were trained (Table 1). In addition to General Standards Training, Category Training was offered in the areas of Field Crops, Turf, Ornamentals, Rights-of-Way, Aquatics, Plant Management, Demonstration and Research, Mosquito, Seed Treatment, and Grain Facility.

General Standards training is conducted by using a computer projector that is controlled by a laptop computer. This setup utilizing PowerPoint software allows easy adjustments to the presentations. Computer-aided training is also used during Rights-of-Way, Aquatics, and Demonstration and Research Category Training.

Special Clinics
Three special training clinics were held for Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) personnel during October and November. Snow plowing responsibilities commonly hamper their ability to attend regular training clinics during the winter. The large number of employees needing training made the personnel and monetary cost of these special clinics acceptable. These one-day clinics covered General Standards and Rights-of-Way Training and were located at Springfield, Des Plaines, and Mt. Vernon.

There was also an Aerial General Standards clinic held in Springfield during the Illinois Aerial Applicators Association Annual Meeting. The 12 trained during that session represent almost half of the aerial applicators in the state.

Ornamentals and Turfgrass Training
Ornamentals and Turfgrass category training was changed this year in an attempt to provide a better learning environment. We taught weed management and calibration for both categories together from 9:40 to 11:30 a.m. on the second day. Although the calibration training went well, the weed management training was difficult to teach as one topic. Thus, next year we plan to teach ornamental weeds during the first afternoon and teach turfgrass weeds during the second morning. We will still teach calibration as a combined session late in the morning of the second day. Insects and diseases will continue to be taught during the first afternoon for ornamentals and the second morning for turfgrass.

Clinic Evaluation
Attendees at several clinics were given evaluation forms to fill out during the General Standards training. This form is based on one provided with the PAT reporting protocol developed as part of USDA Extension Service response to the Government Performance Review Act requirements. Analysis of the evaluations will be made at a later date.

Champaign-Urbana extension personnel, particularly those with PAT funding, conducted much of the clinic training. Extension Educators throughout the state, and particularly in northeastern Illinois, also assisted with the training (Appendix B). The increased assistance by the Extension Educators was particularly valuable this year due to the absence of two of the campus-based PAT specialists who left the team for other employment. Extension specialists in Champaign-Urbana provided assistance to the training efforts of these Extension Educators by furnishing slides, scripts, and other training materials. This afforded additional educational contacts for the participating Extension Educators plus enabled the campus-based staff to pursue appropriate additional activities.

While preparing for the pesticide applicator certification exam, 53 Certified Crop Advisers received a total of 175.5 Continuing Education Units after attending approved category training (Field Crops, Seed Treatment, Grain Facility and Demonstration and Research).

Private PAT Programs

In contrast to Commercial PAT clinics, Private PAT clinics are Unit-based, meaning that Unit Leaders, Unit Educators and Center Educators are responsible for scheduling, hosting, and conducting all Private PAT clinics. In addition, the Illinois Department of Agriculture (IDA) offers certification testing following all PAT clinics. Thus, an efficient working relationship between Extension and IDA is critical to the scheduling process.

Based on IDA’s pre-season estimate, there were 2,529 Private Applicators in need of recertification during the 98/99 season. Within the three-year retest cycle, there is always one very low year, and 98/99 was that year. However, the IDA estimates there will be 11,151 and 9,851 clients needing to retest in 99/00 and 00/01, respectively.

Despite the low number of clients, those involved with scheduling were efficient in offering training and testing opportunities across the state. For the most part, the Private PAT Task Force scheduling rule was followed: "Each unit may host at least one clinic. However, if a unit has more than 100 clients needing to retest, they may offer additional clinics (individually, or in conjunction with other units) as needed, using a base of 100 or more clients per clinic as a rule." During the 98/99 season, there were 85 scheduled clinics (Table 2). Details for unscheduled clinics were not available at the time of printing.

As shown in Table 2, about 74% of these applicators were served by the scheduled clinics. The use of clinic pre-registration increased this year, with 71% of the training and testing clinics and 68% of the test-only clinics reporting its use. Clients were charged a fee at 20% of the training and testing clinics, and fees ranged from $5 to $10 per person.

The 98/99 Private PAT clinics were conducted by 36 trainers (Appendix B), with the median number of clinics per trainer being 2, while the maximum was 10. Most often (48% of the time), training was conducted by two trainers per clinic, while 39%, 3%, and 10% of the time, training was conducted by 1, 3, and 4 trainers, respectively. Training typically lasted about 3 hours. The Private PAT workbook was used by the audience at 36% of the clinics. However, only 12 of the clinic reports indicate the workbook being used by more than 50% of the audience.

Program funding last season allowed us to continue to reimburse part of the cost of renting larger facilities for Private PAT clinics. As a result of this reimbursement program, $1,094 were used to help fund 8 Private PAT clinics. In addition, the Trainer Reimbursement Program was continued in order to lessen the financial burden (via partial mileage reimbursement) for trainers who necessarily conduct an unusually high number of clinics. As a result of this reimbursement program, $184 were used to assist 1 trainer.

In addition to the state-wide schedule mailed out by the IDA, former PAT Specialist, Rhonda Ferree, created a tri-fold mailer to advertise local Private PAT clinics and to briefly explain some of the legal requirements (such as grain fumigation, Worker Protection Standard, and record-keeping) for private applicators. This mailer was distributed electronically to all Extension Units to allow each to modify and use it to advertise their local clinics.

Worker Protection Standard

University of Illinois Extension continues to play an active role in Worker Protection Standard (WPS) education. With the loss of Rhonda Ferree, Bruce Paulsrud took over Extension’s WPS-education activities and became active in a diverse group called the Worker Protection Stakeholder Committee (WPSC).

Recently, the U.S. EPA shifted its emphasis from WPS compliance education to compliance enforcement. Appropriately, the State Lead Agencies have taken the same stance. With the first of a series of planned WPS inspections set to take place in Illinois during the 1999 growing season, Extension and stakeholder groups faced a new challenge during the 98/99 training season; "Now that we’re out of the adjustment phase, how do we re-light the WPS fire?" The WPSC proved invaluable in addressing this question. In addition to traditional newsletter articles and radio spots, Extension collaborated with the WPSC to inform growers, IDA inspectors, and educators about the WPS in some new and unique ways. The major areas of WPS activity are as follows.

WPS Refresher and Inspection Workshop
In order to prepare the Illinois Department of Agriculture Inspectors for the 1999 WPS compliance inspections, a one-day "WPS Refresher & Inspection Workshop" was held in March at the Crop Sciences Research and Education Center at U of I-Urbana campus. In addition, PAT trainers and research station superintendents were invited to participate. The workshop proved to be an excellent opportunity for all involved to review the WPS provisions, observe WPS compliance first-hand, conduct an actual compliance audit, ask "burning questions", and prepare for client questions. Program evaluations and personal communications indicate that this training event was quite valuable to the attendees.

Internet Publications
In early April, the U of IL Pesticide Safety Education website (www.aces.uiuc.edu/~pse; select "Other Resources") was substantially upgraded by the addition of web-based WPS documents and links. The first document entitled, "The WPS: A Quick Guide to the Rule", is a new, tri-fold brochure that introduces the basic provisions contained in the WPS. Another entirely new document entitled, "The Worker Protection Standard in Illinois", is an informative, 19 page summary of EPA’s 132-page "How to Comply Manual". In addition, "The WPS Resource Guide for Illinois Agricultural Employers" was revised and provides user-friendly guidance on WPS worker and handler training and lists many training resources available to the employer.

Instead of using the traditional, and costly, "publish and distribute" approach, these documents were only published electronically, where they can be viewed, printed, or downloaded. Advertising used to promote these resources indicated that those who do not have Internet access should feel free to stop by their local Extension office to request a printed copy via the Internet.

Spanish WPS Train-the-Trainer
The Spanish labor force is significant within certain sectors of Illinois agriculture. Thus, the WPSC is working to meet the WPS training needs of Spanish-speaking employees and their employers. The first Spanish WPS train-the-trainer workshop was held in Glen Ellyn, IL in February of 1998. Nine agricultural employees were trained in Spanish and certified to train both WPS workers and handlers. In the process, Mr. Gerardo Hernandez was trained and is now our designated trainer for future Spanish train-the-trainer workshops.

For the 98/99 season, programming focused on developing and maintaining bilingual WPS trainers throughout the state. For this reporting period, two train-the-trainer workshops (Kankakee Co., 4/28-30/99; and McHenry Co., 5/10-12/99) and one advanced handler workshop (Boone Co., 10/9/98) have been held. This focus meets the needs of the participating employers. In addition, this focus will improve the chances that this program will thrive, since more qualified trainers in the state should result in more handlers and workers being trained, and being trained properly. We are working hard to expand into other regions of Illinois.

PAT Clinics
Because PAT clinics meet the WPS training requirements, employers have the option of sending their agricultural workers and handlers to PAT clinics for WPS training. Each PAT trainer is certified to distribute worker and handler WPS Training Verification Cards to clientele.

To receive a card, the client simply needs to request one following training. These cards are optional, and the client does not need to take an exam to receive one. For this reporting period, thirty-seven (15 Worker, 22 Handler) WPS cards were distributed to those attending PAT programs to meet the WPS training requirements.

Drift Education Activities

To gain better information about minimizing spray drift, the Spray Drift Task Force (SDTF) was organized in 1990. The task force, made up of 38 major agricultural chemical companies, pooled funds (approximately $18 Million) to conduct standardized research and collect data that the USEPA could use to formulate product label language regarding application methods to reduce spray drift.

In 1995, after completion of the research, a National Coalition on Drift Minimization (NCODM) was organized to help meet the educational goal of the SDTF. The coalition membership is comprised of representatives of the USEPA, state lead agencies, USDA-CRES, applicators, product manufactures and distributors, private applicator interests, American Association of Pesticide Safety educators (AAPSE), American Association of Pest Control Officials (AAPCO), National Agricultural Aviation Association (NAAA), Agricultural Retailers Association (ARA), and university agricultural engineers.

Videos and Slide Sets
Bob Wolf serves on the coalition and is past chair of the educational subcommittee. After successfully guiding one video, Straight Talk About Minimizing Spray Drift - A Guide for Applicators, and two slides sets, Minimizing Spray Drift and Spray Drift Management, through production and distribution, Bob resigned as chair and became co-chair of the technology subcommittee in July of 1998. In an effort to educate applicators about spray drift and ways to reduce it, these quality materials were distributed, for free, across the nation. In addition, each PAT trainer in Illinois received a copy of the materials for use during regular PAT clinics and for use during advanced discussions about spray drift.

Both slide sets (and scripts) are available for downloading at the Pesticide Safety Education website (www.aces.uiuc.edu/~pse; select "Other Resources"). You will also find instructions for ordering the video at the same Internet site. The PAT office (800-644-2123) also has copies of the Spray Drift Management slide set for sale.

Another video, entitled Foam Marking Systems for Applicators was completed this past season. This video, distributed by the University of Illinois (800-345-6087), explains the various types of foam marking systems on the market and how to use and maintain them to reduce the potential for misapplication.

Educational Materials

New publications this year include revised General Standards and Turf and Ornamentals Workbooks. A new handout was all that was needed this year to go along with the existing Rights-of-Way workbook. This handout, along with minor revisions of the existing workbook chapters will be incorporated in the next printing once existing inventory becomes exhausted.

Our manuals and workbooks continue to be used not only as references and learning tools before and during training clinics, but also as self-tutorial guides for those who wish to study on their own. Thus, these publications allow us to educate more operators and applicators than actually attend PAT clinics. Several other publications were reprinted last year, some with minor revisions (see Appendix C).

Six issues of The Illinois Pesticide Review newsletter were published this year. This bimonthly newsletter is written by PAT specialists in Illinois to address pesticide safety issues, regulatory information, and updates regarding pesticide registration and label status. In addition, many issues include a "Spotlight" article, highlighting University of Illinois pesticide-related research, teaching, and outreach activities.

The newsletter remains available as a traditional paper subscription and electronically on the Pesticide Safety Education website. Although the web-version has been published since mid-1996, its format and functionality changed dramatically in 1998. In addition to a cleaner format that resembles the paper version, clients can now search past issues using keywords and Boolean functions such as "and" or "or".

The Pesticide Safety Education Home Page (www.aces.uiuc.edu/~pse) continues to provide up-to-date information through the internet. Substantial improvements were made to the "Other Resources" area of the website, including the addition of special topic areas such as the Worker Protection Standard, Drift Education, Pesticide Record-keeping, and the Food Quality Protection Act.

Our website continues to increase in popularity. On average, there are over 2,000 page requests ("hits") from our site per month, and about 70% of this activity comes from outside of the U.S. educational institutions. Mass media has also been used in the past year through newsletters, newspapers, and radio to publicize PAT programs as well as proper pesticide use and safety.

Operation Safe-Fly-in Workshops

The University of Illinois Agricultural Engineering Department in cooperation with the Illinois Agricultural Aviation Association (IAAA), and FMC hosted one Operation Safe Fly-in workshop in Illinois (Macomb, McDonough Co.) in 1999.

The ‘string analysis’ computer assisted system continues to improve the liquid pattern analysis process for the pilots. Pilots are able to fly across the ‘string’, and upon analysis, make adjustments on-site and retest with another series of passes. Several new application practices are being introduced to aerial applicators as a result of information gained at various fly-in workshops across the nation.

Although not used at this particular fly-in due to the weather, a droplet scan system has been used during previous fly-ins. The system can analyze spray droplets on water sensitive paper and indicate various critical droplet characteristics such as size, coverage, and drift. In addition, a dry collection system has been used in the past. After flying across a set of 24 collectors, the dry ("placebo") material is collected and weighed, and then the pattern is analyzed using a computer program.

Using these advanced analysis systems, pilots have the opportunity to make adjustments on-site and leave the workshop with confidence that they are conforming to regulations - applying product with adequate dropsize, pattern uniformity, proper swath width, and volume, with a minimization of drift.

Homeowner Programs

Illinois homeowners and other residents are educated by Extension on proper pesticide use through the Master Gardener Program and Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP). Training is provided to Master Gardeners through the pesticide safety section of the Master Gardener Training Manual, color slides that were prepared by the PAT Specialists, and a Purdue training video. Pesticide safety fact sheets are included in the Illinois Homeowner Guide to Pest Management.

Methyl Parathion being misused in Chicago to control cockroaches has resulted in a multi-year educational effort. A fifth train-the-trainer session on proper Integrated Pest Management of cockroaches was held during the past year. EFNEP paraprofessionals, Urban Gardening paraprofessionals, Master Gardeners, and members of various city, county, and state agencies continue to use the information and materials obtained during these train-the-trainer workshops to educate residents about proper cockroach management. These efforts should make it less likely that a similar pesticide misuse will happen in the future.

Mass Media

During the past year, the PAT specialists increased the knowledge of proper pesticide application, new developments in pesticide human and environmental safety, and recently enacted rules and regulations through the radio, television, newspapers, and magazines. At least 55 newspaper and magazine articles were published as the result of news interviews or news releases produced by PAT specialists. Sixteen radio programs spanning more than three hours of air time were used to promote proper pesticide use. Information from PAT specialists were featured in 10 television programs.

These efforts serve to keep clientele up-to-date about pesticide safety issues outside of the pesticide clinics that they attend. Important information is communicated to the clientele when it is needed. In addition, many homeowners and other Illinois residents learn how to apply pesticides correctly and safely in and around their homes. They also gain an appreciation of the efforts being made to use pesticides in a manner that reduces the impact to human health, wildlife, and the environment while maximizing the low-cost production of food and providing aesthetically pleasing landscapes and roadsides.

Program Benefits

The benefits of our pesticide safety educational programs far exceed the costs. We improve the quality of pesticide applicators in Illinois by increasing their level of pesticide knowledge and safe use. In previous evaluations of private and commercial applicators, participants reported significant change in the way they handled pesticides. After training, applicators were more likely to refer to pesticide labels, use safety equipment, and calibrate application equipment.

Nationally, these programs have shown to maintain pesticides that would otherwise be lost to producers. Our educational programs help regulatory programs with voluntary compliance through better understanding.

Our PAT programs have a value-added approach. Participants come to our training not only because they need information to pass the licensing examination, but also to obtain additional information that is important in terms of public health protection, environmental stewardship, and plant protection.

Other Programs

Off-Season Clientele Interaction
The PAT team is integral to communicating pest identification, scouting, and recommendations to commercial pesticide applicators in Illinois. Bruce Paulsrud, Phil Nixon, and Michelle Buesinger work closely with Nancy Pataky at the Plant Clinic to diagnose plant problems submitted. Phil Nixon coordinates production of the urban pest management handbooks and Home, Yard, and Garden Pest Newsletter to which the other PAT specialists routinely contribute.

INASH
Information regarding the safe use of chemicals in agriculture has been provided by members of the PAT team at meetings of the Illinois Network for Agricultural Safety and Health (INASH). Presentation topics to these audiences who are not familiar with the use of chemicals in agriculture included toxicity information, personal protective equipment (PPE) requirements, and proper agricultural chemical handling techniques. Bob Wolf, Ag. Engineering PAT Specialist, was the chairman of INASH through December 1998. Phil Nixon made presentations on PAT activities at the fall and spring meetings.

Major Invited Talks Given by PAT Specialists
Cook Co. Farm Bureau, Food Quality Protection Act, Cook Co., IL
DeKalb Scout Workshop, Pesticide Safety, Shabonna, IL
FMC Drift Workshops, Indianapolis, IN
Horticulture Field Day, Diseases of Ornamentals - 1998 Highlights, Urbana, IL
Idaho Dept. of Agriculture, Spray Drift Management, Boise, ID
IL Agronomy Day, Reducing Spray Drift, Urbana, IL
IL Association for Community College Agricultural Instructors, Spray table demo.
North Central Turf Expo, Dealing with Drift, Nozzles, & Spray Booms, St. Charles, IL
Turf and Ornamentals Field Day, Turfgrass Insect Situation and Update, Urbana, IL
State Master Gardener Conf., Insect Scouting and Insect Collections, Champaign, IL
Macon County Nursery IPM Field Tour, Insect Problems, Blue Mound, IL
Illini Pest Control, Future of Structural Pest Control, Champaign., IL
Illinois Arborist Association Annual Meeting, Insect Update, Urbana., IL
North Central Turf Expo, Wasps and Ants - Biology and Control, St. Charles, IL
North Central Turf Expo, Insect Research Update, St. Charles, IL
Lawn & Garden Workshop, Beetles in the Landscape, Danville, IL
So. Ill. Grounds Main. Workshop, Asian Longhorn and Other Borers, Collinsville, IL
Grounds Maintenance Seminar, Insect Update & Asian Longhorn Borer, Elk Grove Village, IL

Workshops, Shows, and Meeting Participation by PAT Specialists
Illinois Agronomy Day, Urbana, IL
Crop Protection Technology Conference, Drift Symposium Chair, Urbana, IL
Pesticide Regulatory Education Program (PREP) course, Madison, WI
College of ACES Open House
Horticulture Telenet Updates
Illinois Landscape Horticulture Field Research Laboratory Field Day
Illinois State Fair
Insect Expo.
Master Gardeners Insect Walk
Master Gardening Training
Operation Safe Aerial Fly-in Workshop in Macomb, IL
SFIREG (State FIFRA Research and Evaluation Group)
Illinois Network for Agricultural Safety and Health
Allerton Park Chautauqua
DeWitt County School Nature Day
Master Gardener Spring Insect Update
Master Gardener Holiday Plant Pests

Campus-based Classes Taught by PAT Specialists
Bob Wolf. Organized and co-taught Ag Mech 300-Site-Specific Agriculture. Guest lectured in the following: CPSC 326-Weeds and Their Control; CPSC 121-Crop Science; PL PA 305-Principles of Plant Disease Control; TSM 333-Ag. Chemical Application Systems; TSM 221-Farm Power and Machinery Mgmt; NRES 252-Turfgrass Mgmt.

Phil Nixon. Helped develop and co-taught NRES 300 - Controlling Turfgrass Pests. Guest lectured in NRES 241 - Greenhouse Management.

New Staff

Michelle Buesinger was hired in April, 1999 as an extension specialist in horticulture. She is primarily responsible for weed science education in Ornamentals, Turf, Aquatics, and Rights-of-Way. She grew up on a farm in central Illinois. She has a B.S. degree in Crop Sciences and a M.S. degree in Weed Science, both earned at the University of Illinois. When not teaching PAT clinics and writing manuals, she plans to assist at the Plant Clinic and conduct ornamental herbicide screening studies.

Jean Miles has been an extra-help staff member in the PAT office since 1997. She was hired permanently in November, 1998. Her duties include responding to telephone calls, collecting and entering registration and publication data, filling publication orders, assisting with report generation, and developing and distributing brochures. Jean is a welcome addition and helps us respond to our PAT customers in a timely fashion.

Pesticide Safety Education Specialists

PAT Advisory Team

Program Improvements
Phil Nixon represented Illinois on two national committees. The National PAT Program Goals Committee that established the new reporting system in response to the Government Program Results Act and the Certification and Training Advisory Group that is determining what PAT will be like and encompass nationally in the coming decades. He continued his efforts with the cockroach management train-the-trainer program which should help reduce pesticide misuse. He coordinated the revision of the General Standards and Turf and Ornamentals Workbooks. He implemented evaluations of the General Standards Training during the clinics.

Bob Wolf was instrumental in the National Drift Minimization Coalition, producing the video, Foam Marking Systems. He organized and coordinated the first Aerial General Standards Clinic in Illinois and one Operation Safe Fly-in workshop. He upgraded the fly-in workshop with the addition of a dry collection system and a droplet scan system. He also represented PAT as Chairman of the Illinois Network for Agricultural Safety and Health.

Bruce Paulsrud added several improvements to the Worker Protection Standards program including a WPS Refresher & Inspection Workshop, two train-the-trainer workshops, and one advanced handler workshop. He developed the new publication, "The Worker Protection Standard in Illinois", a 19 page summary of EPA’s 132-page "How to Comply Manual". He also developed "The WPS: A Quick Guide to the Rule" and helped revise "The WPS Resource Guide for Illinois Agricultural Employers." He also provided continuing leadership to the Private PAT program. He coordinated and helped author six issues of The Illinois Pesticide Review newsletter.

Patty Bingaman and Jean Miles (part-time secretary) processed 5798 publication orders, over 7000 registrations, and answered 11,300 incoming calls. Patty's effective leadership resulted in the pre-registration of 93.6% of commercial PAT clinic attendees which allows better planning of PAT clinics and a more professional presentation of them. Her office's efficiency resulted in most publication orders being filled the same day that they were received.

Appendix A

Professional Improvement by PAT Specialists
Professional Society Involvement
American Association of Pesticide Safety Educators
American Phytopathological Society
Agricultural Retailers Association
American Society of Agricultural Engineers
Bonsai Society of Central Illinois
Central Illinois Golf Course Superintendents Association
Entomological Society of America
Illinois Agricultural Aviation Association
Illinois Fertilizer and Chemical Association
Illinois Network for Agricultural Safety and Health
Illinois Turfgrass Foundation
Michigan Entomological Society
North Central American Phytopathological Society
North Central Weed Science Society
Professional Lawn Care Association of America
Region 5 EPA State and Federal Regulatory Committee Members
Systematic Resources Committee - ESA
Weed Science Society of America

University Committee Involvement
Ag. Engineering Dept. Committees
Agricultural Pesticides Conference Planning Committee
College of ACES Committees
Crop Protection Workshop Planning Committee
Crop Sciences Department Committees
Digital Diagnosis Planning Committee
Grounds Advisory Committee
Nat. Res, & Env. Sci. Dept. Committees
Public Health IPM Committee

Other Committees
American Phytopathological Society - IPM Committee
Chicago Metro Methyl Parathion Project
Crop Systems Development Team
Entomology Society of America LaFage Award Committee
Horticulture Development Team
Illinois Natural History Survey Greenhouse Committee
Illinois Private PAT Task Force
IPM Development Team
Journal of Medical Entomology Editorial Board
National Coalition for Drift Minimization-USEPA
National Coalition for Drift Minimization - Technology Subcommittee
National Pesticide Certification and Training Advisory Group
National PAT Program Goals Committee
NCDM Subgroup-Education Committee
Pest Management Monitoring with Community Colleges Planning Committee
Professional Applicator Institute (PAI) Instructor and Steering Committee
Purdue Pest Control Conference Planning Committee
Spanish Landscape Maintenance Workshop Committee
Structural Pest Control Advisory Council
Urban IPM Development Team
Urban Programs Committee - USEPA
Worker Protection Standard Stakeholders Group

Appendix B

Support Trainers
Commercial PAT Trainers:
Campus Faculty: Loren Bode, John Siemens, Kevin Steffey, Tom Voigt, David Williams

Crops Educators: Dale Baird, Bill Brink, Stan Eden, Pete Fandel, Rhonda Ferree, Ellen Phillips

Horticulture Educators: Barb Larson, Dave Robson, Jim Schuster, Martha Smith, Bruce Spangenberg, Greg Stack, Sharon Yiesla

Integrated Pest Management Educators: Susan Bissonnette, Mike Crotser, Dave Feltes, Fred Miller, Joe Toman

Natural Resources Management Educators: Duane Friend, John Church

Industry : Darrin Dalenberg, Ag. Chem

Private PAT Clinics
Animal Systems Educators: Wes Winter

Campus Faculty: Kevin Steffey (Grain Fumigation training)

Crop Systems Educators: Dale Baird, Robert Bellm, Dennis Bowman, Bill Brink, Kyle Cecil, Aaron Dufelmeier, Stan Eden, Dennis Epplin, Rhonda Ferree, Pete Fandel, Doug Gucker, Bill Hall, Omar Koester, Gary Letterly, Matt Montgomery, Jim Morrison, Ellen Phillips, Mike Roegge, Marion Shier

Horticulture Educators: Greg Stack, William Whiteside

Integrated Pest Management Educators: Susan Bissonnette, Mike Crotser, Dave Feltes, Joe Toman

Natural Resources Management Educators: John Church, Mike Plumer, David Shiley

Unit Leaders: Don Frederick, John Fulton, Robert Harris, Ike Leeper, Don Meyer, Ron Waldrop

Appendix C

Summary of Accomplishments

Accomplishment

Completion Date

Illinois Pesticide Review Newsletter 6 issues
Worker Protection Standards Training Workshops 3 sessions
Pesticide Safety Education Website (Approx. 12,000 hits) All season
WPS Training Verification Cards Distributed (37) All season
Foam Marking Systems for Applicators Fall 1998
Spray Drift Management Slide Set and Script (100 copies) Fall 1998
Webpage Fact Sheet Reprint (500 copies) Aug-98
Commercial PAT Clinic Schedule Booklet (17,000 copies) Sep-98
Field Crop Workbook Reprint (300 copies) Oct-98
Seed Treatment Worksheet Revision (100 copies) Oct-98
The WPS: A Quick Guide to the Rule (web-based) Nov-98
Mosquito Pest Control-Lecture Outline (100 copies) Nov-98
General Standards Workbook Revision (600 copies) Nov-98
General Standards Workbook Reprint (450 copies) Nov-98
Turf & Ornamental Workbook Section Revision (70 copies) Dec-98
Rights-of-Way Addendum Revision (400 copies) Jan-99
General Standards Workbook Reprint (200 copies) Jan-99
Field Crop Workbook Reprint (300 copies) Jan-99
Webpage Fact Sheet Reprint (300 copies) Jan-99
Turf & Ornamental Workbook Revision (400 copies) Jan-99
General Standards Workbook Revision (10,000 copies) Jan-99
Turf & Ornamental Workbook Revision (2,000 copies) Jan-99
Commercial Clinic Evaluation Form Developed Feb-99
Rights-of-Way Addendum Reprint (300 copies) Feb-99
The Worker Protection Standard in Illinois (web-based) Mar-99
WPS Resource Guide for Ill. Agricultural Employers Revision Mar-99
WPS Refresher and Inspection Workshop Mar-99
Bilingual General Standards Workbook**NEW** (100 copies) Apr-99
Worker Protection Standards Training Session Apr-99
Upgraded Illinois Pesticide Review Newsletter Web-site May-99
Mosquito Pest Control Reprint (75 copies) May-99