Peas - Illinois Vegetable Garden Guide - University of Illinois Extension

Peas

peas

The pea is a cool-season vegetable which should be planted early in the spring. Several varieties of different maturities can be planted at the same time to provide a supply of peas over a longer period.

Several diseases appear in peas but they should not give you trouble if you treat seed, rotate your pea crop, and use resistant varieties. The pea aphid is the most troublesome insect.

Since peas are at peak quality a relatively short time, check frequently for their maturity. Pick the pods when they are green and nearly fully developed and before the peas start to harden. The peas should be used or refrigerated as soon as possible after harvest.

Crop Amount for 100
ft of row
Variety recommended for use in Illinois Days to harvest Resistant to
Peas 1 pound Early
Daybreak 54
Alaska 55
Spring 57
Main Season
Sparkle 70 Fusarium wilt, mosaic
Maestro 60 Powdery mildew
Knight 61
Little Marvel 63 Fusarium wilt, mosaic
Wando 71 Fusarium wilt, root rot
    Green Arrow 68 Downy mildew, powdery mildew
Early Snap 70
Sugar Ann 70
Sugar Daddy 80
Sugar Snap 70
Sugar
Snowbird 58
Little Sweetie 60
Dwarf Grey Sugar 65
Oregon Sugar Pod II 65 Fusarium wilt, powdery mildew
Mammoth Melting Sugar 70
     
Vegetable Hardiness Recommended planting period for central Illinois (b) Time to grow from seed to field (c)
For  overall
Use
For
storage
Peas Half hardy April 10 - May 1 ... ...
         
Vegetable Spacing in row
Seed to sow per foot Distance between plants when thinned or transplanted Distance between rows Planting depth
inches inches inches
Peas 10-12 Do not thin 18-24 2