University of Illinois Extension

Illinois Conservation Law

The Illinois Department of Natural Resources (IDNR) is responsible for conservation of the state's wildlife resources. Many kinds of wildlife are abundant, and, at times, cause damage to property or risks to human health or safety. Under these circumstances, the IDNR is authorized to issue permits for the removal of wildlife that are causing problems. Some permits are issued directly to landowners or tenants who are experiencing problems and want to remove the animals themselves. Others are issued to nuisance wildlife control operators or governmental entities that provide services for other people.

520 Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) 5/2.37 provides specific restrictions and procedures for the removal of wildlife by landowners and tenants. This statute also allows the IDNR to issue permits to the individuals and governmental entities that provide services for other people, with specific restrictions and procedures outlined in 17 Illinois Administrative Code, Part 525.

The following Illinois laws guide the management of Illinois' wildlife and the resolution of human wildlife conflicts.

Illinois Compiled Statutes: §520 Wildlife Statutes
Wildlife Code (520 ILCS 5/)
Nuisance Wildlife (520 ILCS 5/2.37)
Nuisance Wildlife Control Permits (17 Illinois Administrative Code, Part 525)
Protected Species (520 ILCS 5/2.2)
Illinois List of Endangered and Threatened Fauna (17 Illinois Administrative Code, Part 1010)
Endangered and Threatened Species List
Wildlife Conservation Measures and Practices (17 Illinois Administrative Code, Part 635)