University of Illinois Extension

Other Resources

Illinois Department of Natural Resources
University of Illinois Extension
USDA APHIS Wildlife Services
Internet Center for Wildlife Damage Management
Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage
United States Fish and Wildlife Service
United States Fish and Wildlife Service Division of Migratory Bird Management
Illinois Department of Public Health
USGS National Wildlife Health Center
Bird Identification Site
University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine Wildlife Medical Clinic

Literature Referenced

General

  1. Davidson, W. R., and V. F. Nettles. 1997. Field Manual of Wildlife Diseases in the Southeastern United States. Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study. Athens, Georgia, USA.
  2. Hoffmeister, D. F. 1989. Mammals of Illinois. University of Illinois Press, Urbana and Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  3. Hoffmeister, D. F., and C. O. Mohr. 1972. Fieldbook of Illinois Mammals. Dover Publications, Inc., New York, USA.
  4. Illinois Department of Natural Resources. 2006. Illinois Furbearer Guide. Springfield, Illinois, USA.
  5. Kurta, A. 1995. Mammals of the Great Lakes region. The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.
  6. Murie, O. J., and M. Elbroch. 2005. A Field Guide to Animal Tracks. Houghton Mifflin, New York, New York, USA.
  7. Schwartz, C. W. and E. R. Schwartz. 2001. The Wild Mammals of Missouri. Missouri Department of Conservation. University of Missouri Press, Columbia, Missouri, USA.
  8. Whitaker, J. O., Jr., and W. J. Hamilton, Jr. 1998. Mammals of the eastern United States. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Public Health and Safety

  1. Davidson, W. R. (editor). 2007. Field Guide of Wildlife Diseases in the Southeastern United states (3rd edition). Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study. Department of Population Health. College of Veterinary Medicine. University of Georgia. 448 pp.
  2. Dubin, K. J. 1995. Effect of Piperazine Treatment in Raccoons Infected with Baylisascaris procyonis. M.S. Thesis, East Stroudsburg University, East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, USA.
  3. Majumdar, S. K., J. E. Huffman, F. J. Brenner, and A. I. Panah. Editors. 2005. Wildlife Diseases: Landscape Epidemiology, Spatial Distribution and Utilization of Remote Sensing Technology. The Pennsylvania Academy of Science, Easton, Pennsylvania, USA.
  4. Samuel, W. M., M. J. Pybus, and A. A. Kocan. Editors. 2001. Parasitic Diseases of Wild Mammals. Second edition. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA.
  5. Williams, E. S., and I. K. Barker. Editors. 2001. Infectious Diseases of Wild Mammals. Third Edition. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA.
  6. Wobeser, G. A. 2006. Essentials of Disease in Wild Animals. Blackwell Publishing, Ames, Iowa, USA.

Bats

  1. Bats and You. Illinois Department of Conservation (now Illinois Department of Natural Resources), Springfield, Illinois, USA.
  2. Greenhall, A. M., and S. C. Frantz. 1994. Bats. Pages D-5–24 in Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Editors, S. E. Hygnstrom, R. M. Timm, and G. E. Larson. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
  3. LaVal, R. K., and M. L. LaVal. 1980. Ecological studies and management of Missouri bats. Missouri Department of Conservation, Jefferson City, Missouri, USA.
  4. Whitmer-Williams, L. M., and M. C. Brittingham. 1995. A homeowner’s guide to northeastern bats and bat problems. Pennsylvania State University Extension, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA.
  5. Wilkinson, G. S., and J. M. South. 2002. Life history, ecology and longevity in bats. Aging Cell 1:124–131.

Beavers

  1. Miller, J. E., and G. K. Yarrow. 1994. Beavers. Pages B-1–11 in Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Editors, S. E. Hygnstrom, R. M. Timm, and G. E. Larson. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
  2. Newbill, C. B., and J. Parkhurst. 2000. Managing Wildlife Damage: Beavers (Castor canadensis). Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, and Blacksburg, Virginia, Publication number: 420-202.

Birds

  1. Bellrose, F. C. 1976. Ducks, Geese and Swans of North America. Wildlife Management Institute. Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, USA.
  2. Cabe, P. R. 1993. European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris). The Birds of North America, No. 48. Poole, A., and F. Gill, editors. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C., USA.
  3. DeVore, S., S. D. Bailey, and G. Kennedy. 2004. Birds of Illinois. Lone Pine International, Inc., Auburn, Washington, USA.
  4. Drilling, N., R. Titman, and F. McKinney. 2002. Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos). The Birds of North America, No. 658. Poole, A., and F. Gill, editors. The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
  5. Ehrlich, P., Dobkin, D., and Wheye, D. (1988). The Birders Handbook: A Field Guide to the Natural History of North American Birds. Simon and Schuster Inc. New York, USA.
  6. Elphick, C., J. B. Dunning, Jr., and D. A. Sibley, editors. 2001. The Sibley Guide to Bird Life and Behavior. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York, USA.
  7. Fitzwater, W. D. 1994. House Sparrows. Pages E-101–108 in Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Hygnsrom, S. E., R. M. Timm, and G. E. Larson, editors. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
  8. Hubert, P.D. 2004. Wild turkey ecology in two intensively farmed landscapes in central Illinois. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, USA.
  9. Johnston, R. F. 1992. Rock Dove (Columba livia). The Birds of North America, No. 13. Poole, A., P. Stettenheim, and F. Gill, editors. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C., USA.
  10. Johnson, R. J., and J. F. Glahn. 1994. European Starlings. Pages E-109–119 in Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Hygnsrom, S. E., R. M. Timm, and G. E. Larson, editors. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
  11. Kleen, V. M., L. Cordle, and R. A. Montgomery. 2004. The Illinois Breeding Bird Atlas. Illinois Natural History Survey Special Publication No. 26. Champaign, Illinois, USA.
  12. Lewis, J. B. 1987. Success Story: Wild Turkey. Pages 31–43 in Restoring America’s Wildlife 1937–1987. United States Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C., USA.
  13. Lowther, P. E. and C. L. Cink. 1992. House Sparrow (Passer domesticus). The Birds of North America, No. 12. Poole, A., P. Stettenheim, and F. Gill, editors. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C., USA.
  14. MacGowan, B. J., L. A. Humberg, J. C. Beasley, T. L. DeVault, M. I. Retamosa, and O. E. Rhodes, Jr. 2006. Corn and Soybean Depredation by Wildlife. Purdue Extension, FNR-265-W, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA.
  15. MacGowan, B. J., L. A. Humberg, and O. E. Rhodes, Jr. 2006. Truths and Myths about Wild Turkey. Purdue Extension, FNR-265-W, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA.
  16. Robbins, C.S., B. Bruun, an H. S. Zim. 1966. Birds of North America. Western Publishing Company, Inc., New York, USA.
  17. Sauer, J. R., J. E. Hines, and J. Fallon. 2007. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966 - 2006. Version 10.13.2007. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, Maryland, USA.
  18. Williams, D. E., and R. M. Corrigan. 1994. Pigeons (Rock Doves). Pages E-87–96 in Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Hygnsrom, S. E., R. M. Timm, and G. E. Larson, editors. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.

Coyotes

  1. Gehrt, S. D. 2006. Urban Coyote Ecology and Management: The Cook County, Illinois, Coyote Project. Ohio State University Extension, Columbus, Ohio, USA. 11/06—3M—PS JOB#P05966.
  2. Green, J. S., F. R. Henderson, and M. D. Collinge. 1994. Coyotes. Pages C-51–76 in Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Editors, S. E. Hygnstrom, R. M. Timm, and G. E. Larson. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
  3. Timm, R. M., R. O. Baker, J. R. Bennett, and C. C. Coolahan. 2004. Coyote Attacks: An Increasing Suburban Problem. Presented at the 69th North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference, Spokane, WA, USA, March 16-20, 2004.
  4. Vistine, S. M. 2004. Home range characteristics of coyotes and use of edge habitats in the intensively farmed landscapes of East-Central Illinois. M.S. Thesis, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, USA.

Deer

  1. Calhoun, J., and F. Loomis. 1974. Prairie whitetails. Illinois Department of Conservation, Springfield, Illinois, USA.
  2. Craven, S. R., and S. E. Hygnstrom. 1994. Deer. Pages D-25–40 in Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Editors, S. E. Hygnstrom, R. M. Timm, and G. E. Larson. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
  3. Nixon, C. M., L. P. Hansen, P. A. Brewer, J. E. Chelsvig, T. L. Esker, D. Etter, J. B. Sullivan, R. G. Koerkenmeier, and P. C. Mankin. 2001. Survival of white-tailed deer in intensively farmed areas of Illinois. Canadian Journal of Zoology 79:581–588.
  4. Nixon, C. M., L.P. Hansen, P. A. Brewer, and J. E. Chelsvig. 1991. Ecology of white-tailed deer in an intensively farmed region of Illinois. Wildlife Monographs 118:1–77.
  5. Piccolo, B. P, K. M. Hollis, R. E. Warner, T. R. Van Deelen, D. R. Etter, and C. Anchor. 2000. Variation of white-tailed deer home ranges in fragmented urban habitats around Chicago, Illinois. Pages 350–356 in Brittingham, M. C., J. Kays, and R. McPeake, editors. The Ninth Wildlife Damage Management Conference Proceedings. October 5–8, 2000. State College, Pennsylvania, USA.
  6. Pietsch, L.R. 1954. White-tailed deer populations in Illinois. Illinois Natural History Biological Notes No. 34. Illinois Natural History Survey, Champaign, Illinois, USA.
  7. Wagner, K. K., and D. L. Nolte. 2001. Comparison of active ingredients and delivery systems in deer repellents. Wildlife Society Bulletin 29(1):322–330.

Foxes

  1. Gosselink, T. E. 2002. Social organization, natal dispersal, survival, and cause-specific mortality of red foxes in agricultural and urban areas of East-Central Illinois. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, USA.
  2. Phillips, R. L., and R. H. Schmidt. 1994. Foxes. Pages C-83–88 in Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Editors, S. E. Hygnstrom, R. M. Timm, and G. E. Larson. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.

Moles

  1. Henderson, F. R. 1994. Moles. Pages D-51–58 in Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Editors, S. E. Hygnstrom, R. M. Timm, and G. E. Larson. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
  2. Thurston, S. N., and M. C. Brittingham. 1997. Tree Squirrels. Wildlife Damage Control fact sheet 10. Pennsylvania State University Extension, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA.
  3. Williams-Whitmer, L. M., and M. C. Brittingham. 1996. Moles. Pennsylvania State University Extension, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA.

Muskrats

  1. Hume, C. E. 1949. Factors affecting muskrat populations along stream banks in east-central Illinois. Masters thesis. University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, USA.
  2. Miller, J. E. 1994. Muskrats. Pages B-61–69 in Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Editors, S. E. Hygnstrom, R. M. Timm, and G. E. Larson. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.

Opossums

  1. Holmes, A. C. V., and G. C. Sanderson. 1965. Populations and Movements of Opossums in East-Central Illinois. Journal of Wildlife Management 29:287–295.
  2. Jackson, J. J. 1994. Opossums. Pages D-59–63 in Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Editors, S. E. Hygnstrom, R. M. Timm, and G. E. Larson. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.

Rabbits

  1. Craven, S. R. 1994. Cottontail Rabbits. Pages D-75–80 in Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Editors, S. E. Hygnstrom, R. M. Timm, and G. E. Larson. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.

Raccoons

  1. Boggess, E. K. 1994. Raccoons. Pages C-101–108 in Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Editors, S. E. Hygnstrom, R. M. Timm, and G. E. Larson. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
  2. Prange, S., S. D. Gerht, and E. P. Wiggers. 2004. Influences of anthropogenic resources on raccoon (Procyon lotor) movements and spatial distribution. Journal of Mammalogy 85(3):483–490.
  3. Prange, S., S. D. Gerht, and E. P. Wiggers. 2003. Demographic factors contributing to high raccoon densities in urban landscapes. Journal of Wildlife Management 67(2):324–333.

Reptiles

  1. Ballard, S. R. 1991. Snakes of Illinois. Illinois Department of Conservation, Springfield, Illinois, USA.
  2. Byford, J. L. 1994. Nonpoisonous snakes. Pages F-15–20 in Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Editors, S. E. Hygnstrom, R. M. Timm, and G. E. Larson. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
  3. Howard, W. E. 1994. Rattlesnakes. Pages F-21–26 in Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Editors, S. E. Hygnstrom, R. M. Timm, and G. E. Larson. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
  4. Illinois Department of Natural Resources. 2007. Illinois Snakes.
  5. Leuth, F. X. 1949. Manual of Illinois Snakes. Illinois Department of Conservation, Springfield, Illinois, USA.
  6. Phillips, C. A., R. A. Brandon, and E. O. Moll. 1999. Field Guide to Amphibians and Reptiles of Illinois. Illinois Natural History Survey Manual 8, Champaign, Illinois, USA.

River Otter

  1. Bluett, R. D., C. K. Nielsen, R. W. Gottfried, C. A. Miller, and A. Woolf. 2004. Status of the river otter (Lontra canadensis) in Illinois, 1998–2004. Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science 97:209–217.
  2. Illinois Department of Natural Resources. 2006. Illinois Furbearer Guide: River Otter. Springfield, Illinois, USA.
  3. Knudsen, G. J., and J. B. Hale. 1968. Food habits of otters in the Great Lakes region. Journal of Wildlife Management 32(1):89–93.
  4. McNeely, R., and K. Reno. 2002. Missouri’s River Otter: A Guide to Management and Damage Control. Missouri Department of Conservation, Missouri, USA.

Skunks

  1. Knight, J. E. 1994. Skunks. Pages C-113–118 in Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Editors, S. E. Hygnstrom, R. M. Timm, and G. E. Larson. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
  2. Storm, G. L. 1972. Daytime retreats and movements of skunks on farmlands in Illinois. Journal of Wildlife Management 36(1):31–45.
  3. Verts, B. J. 1967. The biology of the striped skunk. University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Illinois, USA.
  4. Wade-Smith, J., and B. J. Verts. 1982. Mephitis mephitis. Mammalian species 173:1–7.

Squirrels

  1. Askham, L.R. 1994. Franklin, Richardson, Columbian, Washington, and Townsend Ground Squirrels. Pages B-159–164 in Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Editors, S. E. Hygnstrom, R. M. Timm, and G. E. Larson. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
  2. Cleary, E. C., and S. R. Craven. 1994. Thirteen-lined Ground Squirrels. Pages b-165–170 in Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Editors, S. E. Hygnstrom, R. M. Timm, and G. E. Larson. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
  3. Huebschman, J. J. 2007. Distribution, Abundance, and Habitat Associations of Franklin’s Ground Squirrel (Spermophilus franklinii Sabine 1822). Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin 38(1): 1–57. Publication code B38-1.
  4. Jackson, J. J. 1994. Tree Squirrels. Pages B-171–176 in Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Editors, S. E. Hygnstrom, R. M. Timm, and G. E. Larson. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
  5. Lewis, T. L., and O. J. Rongstad. 1992. The distribution of Franklin’s ground squirrel in Wisconsin and Illinois. Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters 80:57–62.
  6. MacGowan, B. J., and H. P. Weeks, Jr. 2005. Hairless Squirrels? Everything Wildlife e-newsletter Vol.2, Issue 1.
  7. Williams, D. E. and R. M. Corrigan. 1994. Chipmunks. Pages B-13–16 in Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Editors, S. E. Hygnstrom, R. M. Timm, and G. E. Larson. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.

Voles

  1. Getz, L. L., B. J. Klatt, L. Verner, F. R. Cole, and R. L. Lindroth. 1987. Fourteen years of population fluctuations of Microtus ochrogaster and Microtus pennsylvanicus in east central Illinois. Canadian Journal of Zoology 65:1317–1325.
  2. Getz, L. L., D. F. Gudermuth, and S. M. Benson. 1992. Pattern of nest occupancy of the prairie vole Microtus ochrogaster in different habitats. American Midland Naturalist 128:197–202.
  3. Hadidian, J., G. R. Hodge, and J. W. Grandy, editors. 1997. Wild neighbors: The humane approach to living with wildlife. The Humane Society of the United States. Fulcrum Publishing, Golden, Colorado, USA.
  4. Klatt, B. J., and L. L. Getz. 1987. Vegetation characteristics of Microtus ochrogaster and Microtus pennsylvanicus habitats in east central Illinois. Journal of Mammalogy 68:569–577.
  5. Mankin, P.C., and L. L. Getz. 1994. Burrow morphology as related to social organization of Microtus ochrogaster. Journal of Mammalogy 75:492–499.
  6. O’Brien, J. M. 1994. Voles. Pages B–177 to 181 in Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Hygnsrom, S. E., R. M. Timm, and G. E. Larson, editors. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.

Woodchucks

  1. Bollengier, R. M., Jr. 1994. Woodchucks. Pages B-183–187 in Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Editors, S. E. Hygnstrom, R. M. Timm, and G. E. Larson. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
  2. Curtis, P. D., and K. L. Sullivan. 2001. Woodchucks, Wildlife Damage Management Fact Sheet Series, Cornell Cooperative Extension, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  3. Loven, J. 2000. Woodchucks. ADM-16. Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA.