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Community Health: Education, Prevention and Inspiration

Empowering people to make healthy, respectful and responsible choices.

Female Infertility

Posted by Tammi A. Tannura -

Causes of Female Infertility

In the previous post, we discussed common causes of male infertility. Now let's take a brief look at the common causes of female infertility.

Anovulation.Anovulation is failure to ovulate (release an egg from her ovaries). Anovulation may be caused by low levels of hormones that make ovulation happen. It can also be caused by injury, tumors, excessive exercise, or eating disorders.

Blocked or scarred fallopian tubes. If fallopian tubes are blocked, the sperm and egg cannot meet to fertilize. Some causes of blocked or scarred fallopian tubes include damage from a sexually transmitted infection, endometriosis, or scar tissue caused by surgery.

Poor uterine environment. In this case, the uterus (where a baby implants and develops) is unable to sustain pregnancy. This may be caused by low levels of hormones that are needed to keep the uterus thick and plush.

Abnormal cervical mucus. Abnormal cervical mucus is inhospitable to sperm which kills or immobilizes sperm.

Did You Know?

  • The average couple spends 5.3 months trying to get pregnant.


  • Only 25% of women get pregnant the first month of trying.


  • It's estimated that about 2 million couples each year in the United States are unable to become pregnant without medical assistance.


  • Men and women are equally affected by infertility.

For more information, please check out the sources below.


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