History & Origin

Cabbage is a form of the French word "caboche" meaning "head." Cabbage comes from the Mediterranean and Asia. The Celts introduced cabbage into Europe. Jacques Cartier introduced cabbage to America in 1541-42. There was no written record of cabbage in the United States until 1669.

When to Plant

Plant cabbage transplants early enough so they mature before the hot summer weather. Early cabbage can be planted as early as March.

Spacing and Depth

Cabbage Seedling

Space plants 12 to 24 inches apart in the row. The closer the spacing, the smaller the head. Plant rows 18 to 24 inches apart. Early varieties of cabbage will grow a head to 1-3 pounds.

Special Care

Use a starter fertilizer and sidedress when the plants are halfway grown. Keep well watered.


Cabbage can be picked anytime after the heads form. Cut the cabbage heads when they are firm to the touch, but before they crack or split.

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