The Great Plant Escape
In Search of Green Life

Facts of the Case

Life Cycle

A plant's life cycle describes how long a plant lives or how long it takes to grow, flower, and set seed. Plants can be either an annual, perennial, or biennial.

tomato plant Annual

A plant that completes its life cycle in one growing season. It will grow, flower, set seed, and die.

    Examples: Marigolds, tomatoes, and petunias.

roses Perennial

A plant that lives for 3 or more years. It can grow, flower, and set seed for many years. Underground parts may regrow new stems as in the case of herbaceous plants, or the stems may live for many years like woody plants (trees).

    Examples: Daisies, chrysanthemums, and roses.

carrots Biennial

A plant that needs two growing seasons to complete its life cycle. It grows vegetatively (produces leaves) one season. Then it goes dormant or rests over the winter. In the spring, it will begin to grow again and grow flowers, set seed, and die. The seed that is left behind on the ground germinates and the cycle begins again.

    Examples: Parsley, carrots, and foxglove.

When you're finished, continue to learn about plant parts...

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