Peach (Prunus persica)-Hort Answers - University of Illinois Extension
University of Illinois Extension

University of Illinois Extension

Hort Answers

Tree Fruit

Prunus persica


Peach is native to China. The yellow fleshed varieties are preferred in Western world while white-fleshed varieties in Japan and China. Most peach varieties are self-fruitful although there are some self-unfruitful varieties such as JH Hale, Halberta, Candoka, Mikado, and Alamar. The major limiting factors in growing peaches in northern Illinois and many parts of upper midwest are bud injury by cold winter temperatures below -10 degrees Farenheit, and wood injury by winter temperatures that are -18 to -20 degrees Farenheit. It is recommended to purchase one-year-old seedlings grafted onto a standardrootstock mainly for colder climates.However, you can get some varieties grafted on semi-dwarf rootstocks such as St. Julien A. Select a site with good soil and air drainage, and plant in early spring as soon as the ground can be worked. Peaches are trained on open-center system. Immediately after planting the tree back to 30 inches tall. Prune the trees every year, and apple compound fertilizer such as 10-10-10 in the root zone of the tree every spring before bud swell, and additional fertilizer applied in summer based onleaf nutrient analysis results.

  • Earlystar
  • Harrow
  • Diamond
  • Brightstar
  • Summer Serenade
  • Flamin' Fury? PF 7A
  • Freestone
  • Early Redhaven
  • Garnet Beauty
  • Sentry
  • Risingstar
  • Vulcan
  • Catherina
  • Redhaven
  • Virgil
  • Flamin' Fury? PF Lucky 13
  • Flamin' Fury? PF 23
  • Redstar
  • Vinegold
  • White Lady
  • Goldnine
  • Starfire
  • Early Loring
  • Bellaire
  • Vivid
  • Blazingstar
  • Jim Dandee
  • Glohaven
  • Canadian Harmony
  • Harrow Beauty
  • Suncrest Bounty
  • Loring
  • Coralstar
  • Babygold #5
  • Venture Contender
  • Babygold #7
  • Allstar
  • Madison
  • Glowingstar
  • Cresthaven
  • Blushingstar
  • Flamin' Fury? PF 24-007
  • Belle of Georgia
  • Harcrest
  • Redskin
  • Elberta
  • Jersey Glo
  • Fayette
  • Autumnstar
  • Rio-Oso-Gem
Mature Height
20-30 Feet
Mature Width
Harvest Time
Harvest in summer to fall depending on the variety


USDA Hardiness Zone
5 - 8 
Soil Conditions
Moist, Well-Drained
Exposure/Light Requirements
Full Sun
Fruit Color
Pests and Problems

Animal Damage

Bacterial Disease

Environmental Damage

Fungal Disease

Insect Damage

Additional pests and problems that may affect this plant:

Insects and Insect Relatives:

  • Oriental Fruit Moth (Grapholitha molesta)
  • Green Peach Aphid (Myzus persicae)
  • Plum Curculio Plant Bugs Peachtree Borer (Synanthedon exitiosa)
  • Lesser Peachtree Borer (Synanthedon pictipes)
  • Peach Bark Beetle (Phloeotribus liminaris)
  • Shothole Borer (Scolytus rugulosus)
  • American Plum Borer (Euzophera semifuneralis)
  • Cherry Fruitworm (Grapholitha packardi)
  • Grape Mealybug (Pseudococcus maritimus)
  • Periodical Cicada (Magicicada septendecim)
  • Japanese Beetles (Popilla japonica)


  • Anthracnose (Glomerella cingulata)
  • Armillaria Root Rot
  • Bacterial Spot (Xanthomonas subsp. pruni)
  • Bacterial Canker (Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae)
  • Brown Rot (Monilinia fructicola)
  • Fusicoccum Canker of Peach (Fusicoccum amygdali)
  • Gummosis (Botryosphaeria spp.)
  • Perennial Canker (Cytospora cincta)
  • Powdery Mildew (Podosphaera oxyacanthae)
  • Rusty Spot (Sphaerotheca pannosa)
  • Scab (Cladosporium carpophilum)
  • Phytophthora root rot (Phytophthora spp.)
  • Rhizopus Rot
  • Verticillium Wilt
  • Plum pox virus
  • X-Disease

Additional Notes


Related Resources
Home, Yard & Garden Pest Guide
U of IL - Distance Diagnosis through Digital Imaging
U of IL - Plant Clinic