Illinois Pesticide Review
November / December 2014
In This Issue
Good Things to Know for a Simplified Registration and Licensure Process
Letters received from IDA (Illinois Dept. of Ag.)
If you haven't received your retest or renewal letter from the Illinois Department of Agriculture (IDA), you should soon. If you need to test this year, it will say so in sentence two. The "Instructions for Attending a Clinic" is really just a checklist of information you will need to know to get your license. Do not return it.
Your Social Security Number (not card) will be needed when you take the test. Testing is required every 3 years; however, Commercial (not Private) licenses must be renewed yearly (expire 12/31). For renewals, fill out the enclosed application form and mail the specified payment to IDA.
IDA does not take debit or credit cards. Some companies have expressed concern because they do not have a checking account. Alternate payment options include using a money order or personal check and being reimbursed. Universities may use account transfers. Please plan accordingly and allow for extra time that may be needed for paperwork.
For testing only (without training), it is recommended that you either attend a Test Only clinic or schedule an appointment with IDA at DeKalb (815) 787-5476 or Springfield (217) 785- 2427. Walk-ins for testing at training clinics will be seated as space allows. Attendance at training will guarantee a saved seat for testing.
Test early to have your license when you need it!
The IDA encourages applicators and operators to test early in the year and not wait until the last minute as there are hundreds of people taking exams each month.
Passing the exam does NOT make you licensed. You cannot apply pesticides until the IDA receives a check and a completed application. Afterwards, the IDA will mail your license to your employer's address. Only then are you licensed to apply pesticides.
Have a New Employer?
The IL Pesticide Act requires you to inform IDA at 800-641-3934.
Important Training and Testing Information
For Training Clinics:
• Commercial (toll free) 800-644-2123 or 217-244-2123
• Private (toll free) 877-626-1650
• Website (Commercial and Private) www.pesticidesafety.illinois.edu
• or consult the (Commercial or Private) schedule mailed to you from IDA
For Test Only Clinics:
• Commercial (toll free) 800-644-2123 or 217-244-2123, www.pesticidesafety.illinois.edu
• Private: Contact the individual site. For the name and number, refer to www.pesticidesafety.illinois.edu (Private Section) or consult the Private schedule mailed to you from IDA
• Private Clinics: Training 8:00 am-11:30 am; Testing 11:45 am-2:00 pm
• Commercial Clinics:
– General Standards training: 8:00 am-11:30 am
– Categories and Testing: refer to www.pesticidesafety.illinois.edu or the green schedule booklet.
• Testing only (Private and Commercial both) is free
• Training Clinics:
Private $30 (Online training is $15)
– Dealer $100
– Applicator $60
– Operator $40
– Public1 Applicator $20
– Public1 Operator $15
– Commercial not-for-hire2 Applicator $20
– Commercial not-for-hire2 Operator $15
Michelle Wiesbrook and Patty Bingaman
1) Public Examples: County forest preserves, municipalities, public golf courses, etc.
2) Commercial Not-For-Hire Examples: Building services for corporate complexes, schools, grounds maintenance, private golf courses, large greenhouses, etc. (apply on property of their employer only).
Pesticides and Global Food Production
A new issue paper from CAST was released just before Thanksgiving, a time when we are all obsessing over food. Considering the paper is about food, the timing is perfect.
"The Contributions of Pesticides to Pest Management in Meeting the Global Need for Food Production by 2050" has a subtitle that is striking: "You can't eat what doesn't grow." Not all of our readers grow food, but it's safe to bet that you all eat and many of you rely on the use of pesticides as an important tool in your pest management tool box.
The following press release from CAST provides a brief description of what the paper's focus is. As a pesticide safety educator, the mention of the need for application safety is much appreciated! In addition to the CAST paper, there is also an accompanying one page document featuring excerpted material from the paper. Diseases, weeds, and insects each have their own talking points. Links to both documents are given below in the press release.
New CAST Issue Paper about the Significance of Pesticides
All agree that the world needs a safe, plentiful supply of food, and most acknowledge that global demand will grow along with the expanding population. This peer-reviewed report looks at how pesticides fit into this equation. After a data-driven examination of past developments and current uses, the authors conclude that a safe, thoughtful integration of pesticides is essential if we hope to attain an abundant food supply for a hungry world.
The term "pesticides" has been around for centuries, and it describes many different chemicals. The term has also–at times–been maligned and misunderstood. The authors of this publication use extensive data and provide clear examples to explain that pesticide use in agriculture has
• increased crop yield and quality,
• lessened the workload of pest management, and
• improved the prospects for long-term sustainable food production.
This paper gives a brief background about the use of pesticides and then a thorough look at why they have become popular and widely used. Intelligent use of pesticides has led to crop management that is more efficient, sustainable, and productive. For example, the authors produce evidence that fungicide use has helped stem the curse of soybean rust, aided with the prevention of fusarium head blight in wheat, and increased farmer income.
Along with better pest management, pesticides have helped with the development of improved agronomic practices such as no till, low till, higher plant densities, increased yields, and efficient use of water and nutrients. The authors point out that in comparison to hand weeding, herbicide use is less expensive and more effective. "By substituting for cultivation, herbicide use leads to lower fuel use, less carbon emissions, less soil erosion, and less water use."
Of course there are controversies and challenges. The authors indicate that concerns exist regarding water, soil, and atmospheric resources, as well as the need for safety during application and food processing. Regulations, testing, worker training, and other safeguards are factors that mitigate unwanted effects.
More than 800 million people in the world are food insecure, and the amount of crop yield lost each year to pests could run upwards of 30%. But many experts are optimistic about developments involving safe, efficient production methods occurring around the globe. When pesticides are effectively applied and integrated into a comprehensive approach, the world is better able to provide food for the 9 billion humans on earth in 2050.
Task Force Authors include:
Stephen C. Weller (Chair), Purdue University
Albert K. Culbreath, University of Georgia
Leonard Gianessi, CropLife Foundation
Larry D. Godfrey, University of California-Davis
CAST Issue Paper 55 and its companion Ag quickCAST are available online at the CAST website, www.cast-science.org, along with many of CAST's other scientific publications. All CAST Issue Papers, Commentaries, and Ag quickCASTs are FREE.
CAST is an international consortium of scientific and professional societies, companies, and nonprofit organizations. It assembles, interprets, and communicates credible science-based information regionally, nationally, and internationally to legislators, regulators, policymakers, the media, the private sector, and the public.
Contacts for this Issue Paper
Dr. Stephen C. Weller-Phone: 765-494-1333; E-mail: email@example.com
Ms. Linda M. Chimenti-Phone: 515-292-2125, ext. 231; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Insecticides and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
A scientific journal article was recently published on connections between the use of some insecticides and the cancer non-Hodgkin lymphoma and its associated subtypes chronic lymphocytic leukemia and multiple myeloma. It relied on data generated by the Agricultural Health Study.
Published as "Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Risk and Insecticide, Fungicide and Fumigant Use in the Agricultural Health Study" by Michael C. R. Alavanja , et al., it can be accessed at http://www.plosone.org/article/fo%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0109332
The Agricultural Health Study (AHS) is a federally funded program studying the long term health effects of farming and other agricultural related activities. Since 1993, it has been following the activities, habits, and health of 89,000 farmers, agricultural professionals, and their families in North Carolina and Iowa.
Using Agricultural Health Study data, 523 cases of these cancers occurred among 54,306 pesticide applicators through 2011 in Iowa and 2010 in North Carolina. There were 26 pesticides evaluated for their connection to the development of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and its subtypes. Although insecticides from different chemical and functional classes were associated with a risk of these cancers, not all members of any single class of pesticides were associated with an increased risk of developing these cancers.
The data showed statistically significant trends between non-Hodgkin lymphoma and the use of lindane and DDT. Those who had used terbufos were more likely to develop non-Hodgkin lymphoma that those who had never used the insecticide. However, there was no increase in the likelihood of developing these cancers with increased use as there was for lindane and DDT.
Analyses of non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes also revealed associations. Users of terbufos and DDT were more likely to develop small cell lymphoma/chronic lymphocytic leukemia/marginal cell lymphoma. Those who had used lindane and diazinon tended to develop follicular lymphoma. Permethrin users tended to develop multiple myeloma.
The data did not indicate an increasing likelihood in developing these subtype cancers with increasing use of these insecticides except that there was an increased likelihood of follicular lymphoma with increased use of diazinon. There was also an increase of small cell lymphoma/chronic lymphocytic leukemia/marginal cell lymphoma with diazinon use, but it was not statistically significant.
Lindane is a chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticide that was associated with liver and other health problems, particularly in indoor applications. As a result, lindane ceased to be produced in the US in 1976 and its uses were reduced. All US uses were cancelled in 2009, which is when foreign production stopped. In this study, 3,410 people reported ever using lindane (6%) in the mid 1990s when the study started, and use dropped to 1% (433) approximately 5 years later, indicating a major use reduction.
DDT is an organochlorine insecticide that was heavily used in the US after World War II to control mosquitoes, livestock pests, and crop pests. It was developed just prior to that war and was utilized during the war to control insect vectors of typhus, malaria, yellow fever, and other human diseases.
Use declined in the 1960s due to insecticide resistance, environmental concerns, and alternative insecticide use. Its registration was cancelled in the US in 1972 for crop use and worldwide for agricultural use in 2009. It continues to be an important tool for reducing malaria and other insect vectored diseases outside the US where it is used in situations where it is unlikely to be a major environmental contaminant.
In this study, 12,471 participants (23%) reported ever using DDT. It is considered to be a possible human carcinogen (2B), based on rodent liver tumor development in research studies.
Permethrin is a pyrethroid insecticide widely used in the US in agriculture, residential areas, and indoors since 1979. EPA has classified permethrin as "likely to be carcinogenic to humans" associated with benign lung tumors in mice and liver tumors in rats and mice.
Terbufos, sold as Counter, is an organophosphate insecticide and nematicide first registered in 1974. The EPA classifies terbufos as having "evidence of non-carcinogenicity for humans."
Diazinon is an organophosphate insecticide registered for the control of livestock and agricultural insect pests. It was widely used in residential areas and indoors until EPA phased out use in 2004 due to changes in risk cup analyses of the Food Quality Protection Act. An earlier evaluation of diazinon in the Agricultural Health Study revealed an increased leukemia risk with increased exposure.
Forest Manual Revised
Forest Manual 2014
The Illinois Pesticide Applicator Forest Manual has been revised and is now available at the University of Illinois Pesticide Safety Education Program web site, web.extension.illinois.edu/psep/ or from pubsplus.illinois.edu. The cost is $15 each plus shipping and handling. All of the chapters have been revised, with extensive revisions to the weeds chapter. Color photos have been added throughout the manual, replacing line drawings in the original version.
This manual is not only useful in preparing for the Forest Applicator Examination, it also provides information for persons with pest problems in forest nurseries, Christmas tree farms, windbreaks, wood lots, timber-production forests, woodlands, tree plantations, and recreational forests. It contains management suggestions for controlling insect, weed, and disease pests of trees and shrubs. Also included are the types of pesticide application equipment used to treat trees and shrubs and methods of calibrating this equipment.
Those pesticide applicators and operators who must be licensed under the forest category apply pesticides to herbaceous plants and woody shrubs, vines, and trees (including invasive species) in tree- or forest-based ecosystems. These include upland forests, floodplain forests, woodlands, mixed species tree plantations, tree farms, abandoned wooded pastures, savannas, flatwoods, barrens, swamps, forested bogs, Christmas tree farms, CRP tree plantings, forest nurseries, and windbreaks.
These include but are not limited to the following.
• IDNR-ORC district foresters, heritage biologists, Nature Preserve Commission biologists, ecologists, and botanists; wildlife biologists; and technicians, interns, and affiliated staff.
• IDNR-Lands superintendents, technicians, interns, and affiliated staff.
• Forest Preserve District foresters, biologists, ecologists, naturalists, technicians, interns, and affiliated staff.
• Conservation District foresters, biologists, ecologists, naturalists, technicians, interns, and affiliated staff.
• Contractor/Consultant professional foresters, forestry contractors, ecological restoration contractors, and their employees/interns.
• University/College foresters, biologists, ecologists, botanists, naturalists, technicians, students, interns, and affiliated staff.