Illinois Pesticide Review
May / June 2018
In This Issue
The Agrichemical Container Recycling Program
The Agrichemical Container Recycling Program is an annual program coordinated by Illinois Department of Agriculture (IDA) that allows farmers and commercial applicators to dispose of pesticide containers at no charge. It also offers them the opportunity to dispose of containers without sending them to a landfill, where it will remain for a century, or burning them, which may not be permitted in their area.
The Agrichemical Container Recycling Program is offered through the growing season and will offer 31 locations where applicators and farmers can dispose of pesticide containers. Each of these locations will be open for a single day during that time. On each of their respective open dates, these sites will accept containers from 8:00 AM – 11:00 AM, 9:00 AM – 11:00 AM, or 1:00 PM – 3:00 PM.
In addition to the dates and locations offered by the Agrichemical Container Recycling Program, IDA also offers two permanent collection sites in Greene and Lawrence counties. These sites accept recyclable pesticide containers year-round.
For the full list of single-day collection sites and their collection dates and times, please visit the IDA Agrichemical Container Recycling Program website: https://www2.illinois.gov/sites/agr and search "Agrichemical Container Recycling."
Empty pesticide containers made of plastic marked with the #2 plastic symbol (high density polyethylene) can be recycled during this event. Containers should be punctured to render them unusable, then triple-rinsed or pressure-rinsed to remove any pesticide residue. The containers should be allowed to air-dry before they are dropped off at the recycling location.
Sarah Hughson (mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org)
Illinois Dicamba Use on Soybeans Online Training
For those who were unable to make the classroom Dicamba trainings, online training is now available. The links below will direct you to an approved online training course that will fulfill the requirements by the Illinois Department of Agriculture. The course is designed to review all materials and then follow up with a test at the end of each module. A certificate of completion will be provided at the end of the training, and it is recommended that you maintain this for your records.
Maria Turner (mailto:email@example.com)Source: https://ifca.com/IllinoisDicambaTraining
Know Your AEZ and Stop Spraying When Someone is In It
Figure 1. The application exclusion zone (AEZ)is to protect people from coming in contact with pesticides. The size of the AEZ ranges from 25 feet to as much as 100 feet from the application equipment.
With spring fieldwork underway, producers and those applying agricultural pesticides must be aware of, and follow, a new federal safety protocol concerning the Application Exclusion Zone (AEZ). The protocol was initiated by the Environmental Protection Agency to protect people from pesticides being applied either on the ground or aerially, either alone or with another product such as fertilizer.
The AEZ is an area surrounding application equipment that during a pesticide application must be free of all people other than trained and equipped individuals; this imaginary halo moves with the equipment. The AEZ extends from 25 to 100 feet from the application equipment. The intent is to prevent people from coming into contact with pesticides such as herbicides, insecticides, or fungicides. An AEZ video is available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vOMmDxU1FsY.
No application is allowed if workers or other persons are in the AEZ that is within the boundary of the farm property. In this case, if someone enters the AEZ or treated area, you must stop the application. If you are applying a pesticide and someone enters the AEZ in a neighboring field, road, forest, or whatever is outside of the farm boundary, you must suspend the application, according to EPA. You may resume the application if the person leaves the AEZ or if you are certain the person will not be contacted by spray. An example is if the wind is blowing away from, not toward, that person.
• The AEZ is 100 feet from the outermost nozzle for aerial, air blast, fumigant, smoke, mist, and fog pesticide applications. It also is 100 feet for spray applications using extremely fine, very fine, or fine droplet sizes.
• The AEZ is 25 feet from the outermost nozzle when spraying medium or larger droplets, and the product is sprayed from more than 12 inches above the planting medium (soil).
• No AEZ is required in applications of granular pesticides, soil-incorporated pesticides (not fumigants); and pre-plant, at-plant, and spot-spray pesticide applications, as long as they are less than 12 inches from the soil or planting medium and use a medium or larger spray droplet size. These conditions are more likely to be met in plant nursery settings than in the field.
A Nebraska Extension Pesticide Safety Education video explains use of the Application Exclusion Zone (AEZ) in pesticide applications. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=5&v=vOMmDxU1FsY
Here's a Scenario
You are spraying a field and notice someone in the AEZ next to the field you are treating. You must suspend the application and cannot proceed until you are sure that the pesticide will not contact anyone who is in the AEZ in areas that extend beyond the boundary of the farm property. You can ask the person(s) to move out of the area, and hopefully they will do so. When that happens, you may resume application.
On the other hand, what if you ask people within the AEZ to move and they don't? Check to see if they would be contacted by drift if spraying resumed. If the wind is blowing away from them and you know your application will not contact them, you can resume the application. Be careful to watch for changes in wind direction and proceed with caution. When the application is finished, the AEZ no longer exists.
This ruling went into effect Jan. 2, 2018, and is a part of EPA's Worker Protection Standard (WPS).
Source: Clyde Ogg, Jan Hygnstrom, and Cheryl Alberts, Cropwatch, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, at https://cropwatch.unl.edu/2018/know-your-aez-and-stop-spraying.
Protect Nesting Birds from Pesticides
As we incorporate ornamental woody plants around our homes, they provide beauty to the area and more importantly, they attract a variety of birds. Shrubs, trees, vines, and lawns provide an abundance of food and cover throughout the year for wildlife, especially birds.
Birds in a landscape can be herbivores, carnivores, or omnivores. The types of birds that are encouraged into the yard are dependent on the type of plants as well as the type of insects that are also attracted. Birds help to maintain the beauty of the area by feeding on mosquitos, grubs, beetles, and other destructive insects. This can be a win/win situation for both the bird and landowner.
April to June is primary migration and nesting season for many birds. It is during these months that many American birds are especially vulnerable to fungicides, insecticides, and herbicides applied to residential, commercial, and public areas. If applications of insecticides are made, it can reduce the amount of food sources in the area, causing the birds to be unable to feed their young.
Some pesticides are toxic to birds and should not be applied to areas where birds may be nesting. Reading the product label is crucial before any application.
Inspectors receive calls from homeowners when landscape companies spray where there are nesting birds and the babies perish. It doesn't take much time to investigate ornamentals (shrubs, trees, planters) and especially evergreens for nests, as they provide year round cover.
If a nest is occupied, then leave it alone until the babies have left or wait until the fall when the birds have moved with the fall migration. Discuss this with your clientele so that they will be on the same page. They will likely thank you and your company for sharing a similar passion for wildlife preservation.
Nurseries and nursery dealers should hold off on transport if birds have nested in a balled and burlapped (B&B) tree. Depending upon how old the chicks are when you find them, they may be gone in 7-10 days.
Many birds will
not be around very long as their incubation and nesting period is only a month
long, so after you see the nest vacant, it can be removed and then the plant
can be sprayed.
chart represents some species of birds and their egg incubation period with the
period of nesting time for chicks to reach maturity. Source:
Maria Turner (mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org)
Looking for Guidance on Respirators?
Worker Protection Standard Respiratory Protection Guide
AgriSafe Network will hold a free webinar, "Respirator Use and the Worker Protection Standard: What You Need to Know in Agriculture" on Monday, June 11, 2018 at 11 AM CST. In this webinar, participants will learn about the EPA Worker Protection Standard's (WPS) requirements for respirator wearers. There will be an overview of the types of respiratory protection available. WPS fit testing and medical evaluation requirements will also be discussed. Registration can be found at: https://attendee.gototraining.com/r/5941353308471591937.
Additionally, Rutgers University has a new publication available that can assist you with your needs. Bulletin E358 "Respiratory Protection for Occupational Users of Pesticides" is 27 pages and available online at: https://njaes.rutgers.edu/pubs/publication.php?pid=E358.
According to Patricia Hastings, PSEP Coordinator for New Jersey, "[t]his publication provides pesticide applicators with a comprehensive source of information and guidance on the selection and safe use of respiratory protection for pesticides in compliance with applicable federal regulations, including EPA's Revised Worker Protection Standard (40 CFR Part 170) and OSHA's Respiratory Protection Standard (29 CFR 1910.134)."
The "Worker Protection Standard (WPS) Respiratory Protection Guide: Requirements for Employers of Pesticide Handlers" is also available at the Pesticide Educational Resources Collaborative website: http://pesticideresources.org/wps/respirators.html. This 45-page guide was created to help employers of pesticide handlers meet the requirements of the revised 2015 Worker Protection Standard (§170.507).
Unfortunately, respirator descriptions on some pesticide labels are inconsistent with current NIOSH language. This is causing confusion and leading to misinformation among applicators, pesticide sales reps, and regulators. EPA is aware of the issue and held a public comment period recently on revised respirator descriptions for pesticide labels. Chapter 10, "Worker Protection Labeling," of EPA's Label Review Manual (LRM) will then be revised accordingly. The Agency does not plan to require registrants to amend their labels by a specific date. Instead, EPA will request that registrants update the respirator descriptions as they submit routine label amendments. EPA also plans to implement a "fast-track" label approval process for registrants wishing to update the respirator language on their existing labels.
Michelle Wiesbrook (mailto:email@example.com)
AAPSE email 4/12/18
Region 5 PreSFIREG meeting report June 2018 sent 5/23/18