Illinois Pesticide Review
Sept / Oct 2018
In This Issue
- Best Practices for Pesticide Ground Application – a Free Webinar from EPA
- Illinois Department of Agriculture Pesticide Clean Sweep Program 2018
- WPS Train the Trainer Resources and Requirements
- Household Hazardous Material Collection Events Scheduled for Fall 2018
- Department of Justice Asks US Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals to Reconsider Its Opinion on Banning Chlorpyrifos
- Personal Protective Equipment Criteria to Consider
Best Practices for Pesticide Ground Application – a Free Webinar from EPA
The EPA is offering a webinar titled "Best Practices for Ground Application" on October 25th, 2018, from 1 – 2:30 p.m. (CT). This webinar is tailored for growers, pesticide applicators, pest management professionals and those who work in crop production.
The webinar will be presented by Dr. Greg Kruger, a weed science and application technology specialist from the University of Nebraska–Lincoln. Dr. Kruger's research focuses on mitigating pesticide drift, understanding the roles of nozzles in pesticide applications and managing crop weeds, including herbicide-resistant weeds.
Dr. Kruger's presentation will cover different methods of ground application, best practices for reducing pesticide spray particle drift when using ground application equipment, and a discussion of the optimization of weed control.
Registration is now open on the EPA's website, https://register.gotowebinar.com/register/5597478850008373507
More information about reducing pesticide drift can be found on the EPS's website, https://www.epa.gov/reducing-pesticide-drift
EPA announcement, lightly edited by Sarah Hughson.
Sarah Hughson (mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org)
Illinois Department of Agriculture Pesticide Clean Sweep Program 2018
Old pesticide jugs.
In 2018, the Illinois Department of Agriculture along with the Illinois Department of Public Health conducted an agricultural/structural pesticide clean sweep program collection for the residents of Adams, Brown, Calhoun, Greene, Hancock, McDonough, Morgan, Pike, Schuyler, and Scott counties. Local sponsors included county Farm Bureau offices, University of Illinois Extension offices and Soil and Water Conservation District offices.
The collection was held on September 19, 2018 at the Logan Agri-Service, Inc. facility in Griggsville, IL. Of the 37 registered participants, 31 registered participants brought in a total of 8,000 pounds of unwanted pesticides to the collection. The single day collection was a success.
All chemicals collected during this program were registered with the Department prior to the actual collection date. By pre-registering the products, the Department was able to determine which products were eligible for collection. The majority of products turned away from the collection were not pesticides. These items included crop oil, surfactants, stickers, foaming agents, etc. Each participant received a response letter indicating the time, date, and location of the collection along with a listing of their chemicals which were to be brought to the collection for disposal.
Tradebe Environmental Services, LLC was the Department of Agriculture's contractor for this year's collection. They collected waste from 8:30 a.m. until 2:00 p.m. No accidents or spills occurred during the collection. Tradebe Environmental Services, LLC certifies that all chemicals were handled in compliance with all applicable local, state, and federal laws and regulations.
Following are approximate totals of some of the active ingredients that were collected: 104 pounds of compounds containing 2, 4-D; 11 pounds of acifluorfen; 18 pounds of alachlor; 397 pounds of atrazine; 156 pounds of bifenthrin; 189 pounds of captan; 20 pounds of carbaryl; 23 pounds of carbofu-ran; 9 pounds of chlordane; 396 pounds of chloropicrin; 17 pounds of chlorothalonil; 5 pounds of clethodim; 5 pounds of calcium cyanide; 40 pounds of dimethenamid; 77 pounds of ethephon; 41 pounds of ethalfluralin; 23 pounds of flumioxazin; 95 pounds of fomesafen; 13 pounds of foramsulfuron; 34 pounds of lead arsenate; 5 pounds of malathion; 9 pounds of mesotrione; 34 pounds of metribuzin; 10 pounds of nicosulfuron; 29 pounds of pyrethrins; 32 pounds of pendimethalin; 133 pounds of permethrin; 42 pounds of sethoxydim; 214 pounds of spinosad; 12 pounds of sulfentrazone; 11 pounds of toprame-zone; 36 pounds of triflumuron and 4 pounds of trimec.
Press release from the Illinois Department of Agriculture, submitted by Maria Turner
Maria Turner (mailto:email@example.com)
WPS Train the Trainer Resources and Requirements
The 2015 revised Worker Protection Standard (WPS) requires agricultural workers and pesticide handlers to receive pesticide safety training on an annual basis. The regulation also lists specific criteria for those qualified to provide this annual safety training. Qualified trainers must meet one of the following criteria:
• Hold a current pesticide applicator license
• Complete an EPA-approved Train-the-Trainer (TTT) course
• Become designated as a trainer by the state's lead agency for regulating pesticides (e.g., University of Illinois Extension)
A variety of Train-the-Trainer resources are currently available. For those who utilized Iowa State University's Worker Protection Standard Train-the-Trainer online course is the past, please be aware that this training will no longer be available as of October 15, 2018. It is being replaced by a national course that, upon completion, qualifies trainers to train both agricultural workers and pesticide handlers. If you have previously completed the Iowa State University online course, you do not need to complete the new course, unless you want to be certified to train pesticide handlers.
The Web-Based Training for Trainers of Agricultural Workers and Pesticide Handlers under the National Worker Protection Standard (WPS) is available at: http://pesticideresources.org/wps/ttt/course/index.html.
The cost is $35, which covers the cost of the hosting, course maintenance, and certification management.
Additional Train-the-Trainer resources are available via the following link: http://pesticideresources.org/wps/ttt/index.html
For more information on WPS Safety Training Requirements for Illinois, please see the March/April issue of this newsletter at:
Travis Cleveland (mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org)
Household Hazardous Material Collection Events Scheduled for Fall 2018
Fall can be an excellent time for cleaning up your chemical storage area. Now is the time to get rid of any old or unwanted pesticides while this growing season's use is still fresh in your mind. The household hazardous material collection schedule has been released to the public. More information can be found below. Here are a few options you have for disposing of your old or unwanted pesticides:
1. Use them up. You can usually apply them to a labeled-use site regardless of whether or not pests are present. Be sure to read and follow all label directions. Sometimes pesticides are taken off the market, or certain uses are removed from the label. In those cases, existing stocks can typically still be used. Rarely does US–EPA order a stop-use on the product. However, it is illegal to apply old stocks of chlordane or 2,4,5-T. To learn about the registration status of your product in question, you can contact the manufacturer or the Illinois Department of Agriculture, (217)785-2427.
2. Give them away. Fellow neighboring gardeners may be interested in your castoffs. It's not recommended that you sell unwanted pesticides. To sell a pesticide legally, it must still be in the original packaging with the complete label. If the pesticide is restricted use, you must be licensed in order to sell it. If the product registration has been cancelled, selling is illegal.
3. Take them to a hazardous waste collection event. The Illinois Environmental Protection Agency (IEPA) has scheduled a few household hazardous waste (HHW) collection events to be held across Illinois this fall. See below for the schedule.
For a list of household hazardous waste materials that are acceptable or unacceptable at these collections, please visit the Illinois EPA's Web site at http://www.epa.illinois.gov/topics/waste-management/waste-disposal/household-hazardous-waste/acceptable-wastes/index.
If in doubt, it may be best to first contact the Waste Reduction Unit of the IEPA at (217)785-8604.
There are special hazardous material collection events for other non-household types of pesticides:
• Agricultural pesticides are collected at various scheduled "Agricultural Pesticide Clean Sweep" events. Contact the Illinois Department of Agriculture, (217)785-2427, for more information.
• Structural pesticides (those used by professional applicators to control pests in and around structures) are collected at "Structural Pesticide Clean Sweep" sites. Contact the Illinois Department of Public Health, (217)782-4674, for more information.
Danville Area Community College
2000 E. Main Street
Danville, Illinois 61832
Sponsored by: Vermilion County Health Department
Fayette County Health Department
509 W. Edwards Street
Vandalia, Illinois 62471
Sponsored by: Fayette County Health Department
Park and Ride Parking Lot
Station Road (north of Mill Road)
Sponsored by: Fox Metro Water Reclamation District
Progress City USA
E. Mound Road
Decatur, Illinois 62521
Sponsored by: Macon County Environmental Management Department
One-day collections are open from 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. on the above scheduled Saturdays. Please note these are open to all Illinois residents. In addition, the following long-term facilities are available for disposal of HHW. Please phone ahead to determine availability and open hours.
City of Chicago
Household Chemicals and Computer Recycling Facility
1150 N. North Branch on Goose Island
Tues: 7 a.m. - noon
Thursday: 2 p.m. - 7 p.m.
First Saturday of each month: 8 a.m. - 3 p.m.
For information: (312) 744-7672
Rock River Reclamation District
Sat: 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.
Sun: Noon - 4 p.m.
For information: (815) 987-5570
Household Hazardous Waste Facility
156 Fort Hill Dr.
For information: (630) 420-6095
The Solid Waste Agency of Lake County (SWALCO) currently operates a long-term household chemical waste collection program. Information and a collection schedule can be found on the SWALCO Web site or by calling 847/336-9340.
For questions concerning the IEPA's one-day or long-term collections, please call the Waste Reduction Unit at (217) 524-3300.
Michelle Wiesbrook (mailto:email@example.com)
Department of Justice Asks US Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals to Reconsider Its Opinion on Banning Chlorpyrifos
On August 9, 2018, the US Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals made the decision to order the EPA to revoke all tolerances and cancel all registrations for chlorpyrifos within 60 days. This action would ban the use of pesticides containing chlorpyrifos as an active ingredient.
The August 9, 2018 panel concluded that there was no justification for the EPA's 2017 decision to maintain tolerance for chlorpyrifos when scientific evidence supported the idea that it could cause neurodevelopmental harm to children. With this evidence, the court decided that the continued use of chlorpyrifos was in conflict with the safety requirements of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) and Federal, Insecticide, Fungicide, Rodenticide Act (FIFRA).
On Sept. 24, 2018, the Department of Justice asked the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals to reconsider its opinion on chlorpyrifos2. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue issued the following statement:
"USDA disagrees with the ruling ordering EPA to revoke tolerances and cancel registrations for chlorpyrifos. The decision appears to be based on a misunderstanding of both the available scientific information and EPA's pesticide regulatory system. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and other groups have pointed out significant flaws in the draft chlorpyrifos assessments on which the court based its opinion, and USDA supports EPA's conclusion that the available scientific evidence does not indicate the need for a total ban on the use of chlorpyrifos. EPA should be allowed to continue its ongoing science-based and expert-led evaluation of chlorpyrifos, which is part of EPA's registration review program that covers all pesticides.
"The costs of an incorrect decision on chlorpyrifos are expected to be high and would cause serious impacts to American farmers working to feed, fuel, and clothe the United States and the world. This ruling, which would mean the sudden and total loss of chlorpyrifos, prevents farmers from using an effective and economical crop protection tool. Chlorpyrifos is used on well over 50 crops grown throughout the United States due to its efficacy and broad-spectrum activity across multiple pests. For some crops and target pests, chlorpyrifos is the only line of defense, with no viable alternatives.
"Chlorpyrifos helps farmers and consumers by improving production efficiency and contributing to public health and safety. The arbitrary, immediate, and total loss of this crop protection tool endangers agricultural industries and is expected to have wide economic impacts. Given the court's incorrect assessment of the scientific evidence, we thank the Department of Justice for continuing to fight on behalf of American farmers and consumers in support of science-based regulatory oversight of crucial crop protection tools."
Chlorpyrifos is an organophosphate insecticide, acaricide and miticide that is used worldwide to protect a broad range of crops including cotton, corn, tree nuts, citrus, and apples. It was first registered in 1965 for foliar and soil applications and later became available for various agricultural, turfgrass, residential, vector control, and structural pest applications. Since then, the EPA has phased out many homeowner uses of chlorpyrifos as a protective measure for children and stipulated pre-harvest intervals between the last application of the pesticide and harvest to allow detectable residues to drop below specific levels determined by scientific research. In 2016, EPA revised its human risk assessment after receiving public comments. In 2017, EPA denied a petition to revoke the use of chlorpyrifos. For more detailed information on the EPA actions and regulatory history of chlorpyrifos, visit: https://www.epa.gov/ingredients-used-pesticide-products/chlorpyrifos
Sarah Hughson (mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org)
1. United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. On petition for review of an order of the Environmental Protection Agency. Aug. 9, 2018. http://cdn.ca9.uscourts.gov/datastore/opinions/2018/08/09/17-71636.pdf
2. United States Department of Agriculture Press Release. Secretary Perdue statement on DOJ filing in 9th circuit chlorpyrifos ruling. Sept. 24, 2018. https://www.usda.gov/media/press-releases/2018/09/24/secretary-perdue-statement-doj-filing-9th-circuit-chlorpyrifos
Personal Protective Equipment Criteria to Consider
Permeation, degradation, and breakthrough time are all specific criteria to consider when searching for Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). Pesticide applicators often work with many different types of pesticide formulations and numerous adjuvants.
Routine day-to-day work tasks result in an increased risk of exposure to these chemicals. To reduce exposure, we need to use personal protective equipment that is compatible with the chemicals that we are applying. Since PPE is made from various materials and manufactured using different processes, it is essential to understand the chemical compatibility of the materials.
• Permeation rate: This is a measure of how fast a chemical can go through a material. Thicker materials tend to have slower permeation rates. Permeation rates are reported differently by the various manufacturers, but a higher number generally means a quicker penetration rate.
• Degradation: This is the actual physical change to the material caused by the chemical. This includes: swelling, stiffening, wrinkling, changes in color, and other physical deteriorations. The slower the degradation occurs in the presence of a chemical, the more protective the material is for that specific chemical. There is no standardized test degradation. Each manufacturer uses their own method for analysis.
• Breakthrough time: This is how long it takes for the first contact of chemical on the material to be detected on the opposite side of the material. The longer the breakthrough time, the more protective the material is for that particular chemical. Breakthrough is measured using a standardized test (ASTM F739).
The testing process on most personal protective equipment, like gloves, is usually done with one chemical. This means that when you mix pesticides, your PPE might not be compatible. If you think this might be the case, a quick call to the manufacturer with the label(s) in hand can alleviate that concern.
While many manufacturers may use similar materials (e.g., nitrile), the final PPE products may not be the same. Each manufacturer may use a specific manufacturing process and therefore may produce PPE with variable characteristics. Be sure to check the compatibility charts from the manufacturer.
A product's resistance to cuts, abrasions, and punctures must also be taken into account as a critical usage factor. A glove with excellent permeation resistance may not be adequate if it tears or punctures easily. Always factor in the physical performance of the job when selecting your PPE. Understanding how materials are made and evaluated will help you make the appropriate choice for protecting you and your employees.
Maria Turner (mailto:email@example.com)