Illinois Pesticide Review
Mar / Apr 2019
In This Issue
Vegetable Crops Manual Revised
Vegetable Crops Manual
The Illinois Pesticide Safety Education Manual – Vegetable Crops (39-19) was recently revised and is available through the University of Illinois Pesticide Safety Education Program website, http://pesticidesafety.illinois.edu, at https://www.pubsplus.illinois.edu, or at most county Extension offices. Each manual costs $15 plus shipping and handling. The previous edition (39-17) included content for both fruit crop applicators and vegetable crop applicators. That edition will be retired and replaced with two separate manuals. Illinois Pesticide Safety Education Manual: Vegetable Crops (39-19) is available now. Illinois Pesticide Safety Education Manual: Fruit Crops (39-20) will be available late summer 2019.
The revised vegetable crops manual discusses integrated pest management strategies and common weeds, insects, and diseases of Illinois vegetable crops, as well as pesticide application and calibration for those crops. The manual includes color images for many of the pests, giving applicators an easy-to-use reference for identifying and controlling the many vegetable crop pests. The manual is intended to be used in preparation for Illinois Department of Agriculture's vegetable crops pest control examination.
This vegetable crops category is for commercial and non-commerial applicators using or supervising the use of pesticides in production of vegetable crops, including but not limited to tomatoes, sweetcorn, asparagus, peas, or beans as well as on grasslands and noncrop agricultural lands associated with the land on which vegetable crops are grown.
Travis Cleveland (mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org)
IDOA Announces State-Specific Restrictions on Use of Herbicide Dicamba on Soybeans For 2019
Goal to reduce off-target movement of dicamba products
SPRINGFIELD, IL – The Illinois Department of Agriculture (IDOA) announced today it will require Special Local Needs labels, including new restrictions, for the use of the herbicide dicamba on soybeans in Illinois for the 2019 growing season. Dicamba is primarily used on soybeans to control post-emergence broadleaf weeds.
On February 15, IDOA notified the manufacturers of the three dicamba-containing products approved for over-the-top application to dicamba-tolerant (DT) soybeans that additional application restrictions will be required for the 2019 growing season. The affected formulations of dicamba are Engenia by BASF, XtendiMax with Vapor Grip Technology by Bayer, and FeXapan plus Vapor Grip Technology by DuPont/Corteva. The additional restrictions beyond federally-approved labels are:
1. The implementation of a cutoff date of June 30, 2019, for application to DT soybeans.
2. Prohibiting application when the wind is blowing toward adjacent residential areas.
3. Required consultation of the FieldWatch sensitive crop registry before application, as well as compliance with all associated record keeping label requirements.
4. Maintaining the label-specified downwind buffer between the last treated row and the nearest downfield edge of any Illinois Nature Preserves Commission site.
5. Recommendation to apply product when the wind is blowing away from sensitive areas, which include but are not limited to bodies of water and non-residential, uncultivated areas that may harbor sensitive plant species.
The intent of these additional restrictions is to reduce the potential for off-target movement of these products, thereby reducing the potential for possible adverse impacts to dicamba-sensitive crops/areas. The decision to pursue state-specific Special Local Needs (SLN) labels was made in response to the record number of misuse complaints IDOA received during the past two years. In 2017, IDOA received 430 total complaints, 246 of which were related to the use of dicamba on soybeans. Those numbers rose to 546 total complaints, including 330 dicamba-related complaints, in calendar year 2018. Prior to the 2017 introduction of these new formulations of dicamba for use on tolerant soybean varieties, total pesticide misuse complaints average 110 per year from 1989 to 2016.
Because of this significant increase in alleged pesticide misuse complaints, IDOA reviewed SLNs currently in place in other soybean-production states and worked with several Illinois stakeholder organizations before making the decision to require state-specific labels for Illinois.
"We now have two years of data showing how dicamba has the potential to drift off target," said Acting Director John M. Sullivan. "It's obvious measures need to be put in place so farmers can continue to effectively use these products, while also protecting surrounding property and crops."
"Illinois Farm Bureau supports the Illinois Department of Agriculture (IDOA) in their administration of pesticide rules that they deem necessary to limit adverse effects to the environment," said Richard Guebert, Jr., Illinois Farm Bureau President. "Dicamba-based products are useful and necessary tools in the fight against problematic weeds, helping farmers to remain productive and profitable. Illinois Farm Bureau will continue to work with IDOA and other partners into the future to find workable solutions for crop protection products."
"The Illinois Corn Growers Association supports on-label use of crop protection products, along with farmer or applicator adherence to any additional label requirements issued by the Illinois Department of Agriculture. We know that Acting Director Sullivan takes seriously his obligation to protect the interests of many stakeholder groups, along with the preservation of public trust and transparency. We understand how the department came to this conclusion. It will no doubt cause difficulty for some farmers in certain areas and we are sensitive to that issue but encourage full compliance as per the 24(c) labels," said Ted Mottaz, Illinois Corn Growers Association President.
"Co-existence is paramount when it comes to pesticide use," said Jean Payne, President of the Illinois Fertilizer and Chemical Association (IFCA). "This proactive step demonstrates Illinois agriculture's commitment to stewardship, and IFCA will educate our commercial applicator members regarding these pesticide label changes to ensure the continued legal and judicious use of this soybean production tool."
"Volatilization and drift of pesticides are environmental issues that can impact our natural areas, water, and soil as well as Illinois' growing specialty crop industry," said Jennifer Walling, Executive Director of the Illinois Environmental Council. "I appreciate the efforts by the Illinois Department of Agriculture and industry stakeholders to reduce drift from dicamba. These rules are a step forward to address these issues. We are looking forward to working with stakeholders to research and monitor the results of the new labels."
The three product registrants – BASF, Bayer, and DuPont/Corteva – have each submitted formal SLN labels for their respective dicamba-containing products to IDOA, which include the additional restrictions noted above. IDOA has submitted the resulting 24(c) registration packages for each product to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The SLN labels will be distributed in addition to the already federally-approved labels with all Engenia, XtendiMax, and FeXapan product sold for use in the State of Illinois for the 2019 growing season.
Source: IDOA Press Release, March 1, 2019.
End of the Season Licensing Opportunities
We are entering the final stretch of the 2018-2019 pesticide operator and applicator training clinic season. If you have new employees or just haven't had time to attend one of the early training clinics, there are still opportunities to register for a training clinic or attend a test-only session. Registration for the training clinics is available through the University of Illinois Pesticide Safety Education Program (PSEP) website:
Upcoming commercial training and testing clinics:
April 16-17 in Alsip
General Standards, Turfgrass, Ornamental, Rights-of-Way, Mosquito
DoubleTree, 5000 W. 127th St., Alsip, IL 60803
April 23-24 in Skokie
General Standards, Turfgrass, Ornamental, Rights-of-Way
Holiday Inn, 5300 W. Touhy Ave. Skokie, IL 60077
May 1-2 in Des Plaines
General Standards, Turfgrass, Rights-of-Way, Mosquito
Oakton Community College, 1600 E. Golf Rd. (Room 1604), Des Plaines, IL 60016
May 8-9 in Springfield
General Standards, Mosquito
IL Dept. of Agriculture Bldg. – State Fairgrounds Gate 11
801 E Sangamon Ave., Springfield, IL 62702
During each of these two-day clinics, the morning on the first day will be dedicated to General Standards training. Applicator training sessions are offered in the afternoon on the first day and in the morning on the second day of training. Your $50 registration fee includes both days of training so please feel free to register for topics in addition to General Standards and join us for applicator training! Testing sessions on both days run from 12:30 PM - 4:00 PM. On the first day of the clinic, only General Standards tests will be available. On the second day, any test can be taken, including all applicator tests and General Standards.
Online training modules are available for Demonstration & Research, Grain Facility, Vegetable Crop, Plant Management and Private Applicators. Registration for online training is $15 and can be found at:
In addition to the combined training and testing clinics, three test-only sessions are available. To register for test-only sessions visit the University of Illinois PSEP website: http://www.pesticidesafety.illinois.edu. While registration is required for these sessions, there are no registration fees.
April 18 in Springfield
IL Dept. of Agriculture Bldg. – State Fairgrounds Gate 11,
801 E Sangamon Ave., Springfield, IL 62702
April 25 in Carterville
John A. Logan College, Workforce Development Bldg., Bldg. H, Parking Lot B
700 Logan College Rd. Carterville, IL 62918
May 16 in St. Charles
Pheasant Run Resort, 4051 E. Main St., St. Charles, IL 60174
Can't make it on those dates?
The Illinois Department of Agriculture (IDA) also offers testing by appointment at their Springfield and Dekalb offices. To schedule your test by phone, call the Springfield office at (800) 641-3934 or the Dekalb office at (815) 787-5476.
What to bring for the test
When it is time to take your test(s), you will be asked to provide a photo ID, your social security number (card not needed) and, if you have been licensed in the past, a retest or renewal letter sent to you by IDA. For everyone who wishes to use a calculator during the test, please bring a basic function calculator. Smartphones and graphing calculators cannot be used during the test. It is free to take the operator and applicator tests. After you have passed your test(s), IDA will mail you an invoice for your operator or applicator license(s). Most people receive their license(s) by mail in 3 – 4 weeks. If you have any questions about training, testing or licensure, please visit the University of Illinois PSEP website: http://web.extension.illinois.edu/psep/index.php.
We hope to see you on the road!
Sarah Hughson (mailto:email@example.com)
Glyphosate and Risk Communication
Currently, there is much perceived risk associated with using glyphosate. It is all over the news and in the papers. We are receiving more questions and calls on this topic, and from what you have told us, you are too. Clients are concerned. Applicators are concerned. Recently a second jury found that glyphosate was responsible for causing the plaintiff's cancer. Many experts disagree with these verdicts. It's important to keep in mind that these court decisions do NOT change the current body of science. Unfortunately, juries are not necessarily making decisions based on science as unavoidable human emotions come into play. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) determination of "probable human carcinogen" identified glyphosate as a potential hazard. Many governments, including USEPA, have published risk assessments about glyphosate, finding it is unlikely to cause cancer in humans when used according to the label directions as required. Still, questions abound.
Our friends with Oregon State University have provided a useful short article and presentation video on the topic. Glyphosate Questions and Answers by Chip Bubl and Kaci Buhl can be found at: https://extension.oregonstate.edu/pests-diseases/pesticides/glyphosate-questions-answers. The IARC determination is discussed as well as the safety of other ingredients in Roundup and foods with glyphosate residues.
Kaci developed a presentation on glyphosate and communicating pesticide risk that may be useful especially to those who commonly receive questions on the safety of using glyphosate. You can view Kaci's recorded presentation on YouTube via the following link: https://youtu.be/xEQVpKm921w.
Within her presentation, Kaci highlights some of the herbicide's characteristics, including its low toxicity. She discusses key differences between the hazard assessment used by the IARC and risk assessments used by public regulatory agencies, including the US EPA. The last half of the presentation covers the science of risk perception and strategies to communicate risk effectively. If you are responding to questions on glyphosate, the webinar is well worth your time.
Kaci recommends the following approach to address pesticide risk communication:
1. Listen, ask questions, paraphrase:
This will help you to more accurately understand your client's concerns regarding the pesticide. Their concerns may not actually be what you assume they are.
2. Frame as risk rather than safety:
People don't ask about risk; they ask about safety. Safety is a yes or no binomial question. Suggesting that a pesticide is safe can lead to risky behaviors because some may think they don't need to take any precautions. Risk is more accurate because it's a scale. Precautions can reduce risk. Talk about how risk is higher for certain people including pregnant women, children and the elderly.
3. Provide toxicity information:
Remember that the dose makes the poison for any chemical -- even caffeine and water. For pesticides, the product label is always the best place to start. Look for the signal word, which indicates the level of toxicity of the product. Products that are very low in toxicity will not have a signal word. The product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) provides additional health and safety information including LD50's. Additionally, the National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC) website has fact sheets on many commonly used pesticides including this one on glyphosate:
4. Mention the common routes of exposure:
It is important to consider exposure when determining risk. The greatest exposure to a pesticide will occur to the user while mixing, loading, and applying. Think too about the likely routes of entry (oral, dermal, etc.). Consider reentry information provided on the label, which is designed to prevent exposure. Has a food crop been treated with a pesticide? Consider that producers are required by law to follow label directions and, that residues in our food supply are monitored by the FDA. Tolerances are set by USEPA with safety factors built in. How much of the food would have to be consumed even to reach the minimum level and can a person even consume that much? Again, the dose makes the poison.
5. Describe the benefit(s) of the application:
We can't talk about risk without talking about benefit. There's no acceptable risk in the absence of benefit. It might seem out of place if someone asks about the risk of using a pesticide and you start talking about the benefits of using that pesticide, but the benefits must be considered. What are we saving by making these applications? Time? Hand-pulling? Other manual labor? What does it make possible? Faster or more complete kill of perennial weeds? What are the alternatives? Other chemicals? Some commonly used alternative herbicides are much more toxic than glyphosate. Others may have environmental concerns.
6. Mention action items in the person's control:
Risk perception changes with perceived control. When someone feels they are in control, the risk is immediately lower compared to when they are not in control. Suggest alternative control options or ways to reduce exposure such as wearing personal protective equipment (PPE) or keeping unprotected persons out of the treated area per the label directions. Reading and following the label is powerful!
7. Where to get more information:
Finally, provide sources where they can get additional information. By doing this, you are saying "Don't just take it from me."
The National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC)
Located at Oregon State University
1 800 858-7378
(Glyphosate specific information from NPIC can be found at the links provided above.)
The Agricultural Health Study: http://aghealth.nih.gov/
Genetic Literacy Project – "Is glyphosate (Roundup) dangerous?"
Glyphosate is widely used and widely studied; loved by many and hated by many. Like OSU, University of Illinois Extension does not have a policy on glyphosate. Given a lack of any new evidence that would direct otherwise, University of Illinois weed scientists and other research-based weed control professionals across the country will continue to recommend glyphosate when appropriate as it is a widely used and effective weed killer – not only in genetically modified corn and soybeans, but also in orchards, forests, wetlands, landscapes, rights-of-way areas, etc. Overall, it is inexpensive and works very well in many situations. We are committed to safety, yet we are also committed to helping both professionals and land/home owners win their battles against invasive, habitat-destroying, yield-robbing weeds. If credible science proves otherwise, we will appropriately revise our recommendations. Of course in most situations, there are other herbicides and weed control methods you can choose from. Glyphosate is not the only option.
Users of products which contain glyphosate or any pesticide for that matter should carefully read and follow all label directions. The label will provide guidance on what clothing or personal protective equipment should be worn so that exposure and therefore the overall hazard associated with using the chemical is reduced. For applicators, reducing exposure by covering up the skin reduces the hazard.
Please feel free to reach out to any of the PSEP
Specialists with any questions that you may have.
Michelle Wiesbrook (mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org)Travis Cleveland (mailto:email@example.com)
Test Taking Tips
The following are test taking tips that were compiled from various resources many years ago with no specific exam in mind. However, these tips may be useful in helping one to successfully pass the pesticide certification exams in Illinois. Following this guidance will not guarantee you a passing score.
Prepare yourself for the exam. Of course, you'll need to study and know the material. This is probably the most important thing you do to get a good test score. There are some other things you can do to prepare your body and mind:
- Get plenty of rest the night before. This really affects your ability to concentrate.
- Avoid too much caffeine, which can make you jittery and can confuse your ability to think and function.
- Avoid consuming a lot of liquids as bathroom trips take time.
- Eat a light meal of carbohydrates beforehand. Carbs give you quick energy; heavy meals make you sleepy. Save the 20 oz. ribeye for the celebration afterward.
- Don't sit by friends. If they are anxious, this can increase your anxiety. You don't need the extra stress. Testing personnel will seat you but you can always request to be seated away from a certain location.
- Give the test your complete attention. This is your job at this time and place.
- Don't waste time worrying or thinking about other things.
- Don't take a nap. I saw a kid sleep thru his ACT exam, who, needless to say, got a very low score.
- Read or follow directions carefully. If something is not clear, don't be afraid to ask for clarification. This does not mean you can say, "I'm not sure I understand number 2. Could you tell me what answer they are looking for?"
Some tips for overall test-taking strategy
- Preview the exam as soon as you get it. See how many pages there are. What sections or questions look like they'll be the easiest or most difficult? Look briefly at the provided product label and the inside of the test booklet at the conversions/formulations.
- Work on one section at a time rather than randomly jumping around. It will be less confusing and keep you more focused. You've seen this same method used on Jeopardy when they finish "US State Capitols" before they go on to "Popular Disco Artists."
- Knock out the easiest, quickest ones first. Tackle the toughest ones last when you can spend more time. The tough ones may seem easier the second time around because you are more relaxed and maybe you read something that will help you answer. This has happened to me before where I found the answer in another question. If you can't come up with an answer after several seconds to a minute, move on.
- Keep track of the questions you need to go back to. Maybe write down the numbers on scrap paper. If you can get a question narrowed down to 2 choices, make a note of it. Return to those problems first. Save for last, the ones you are absolutely clueless on.
- Don't leave any questions unanswered. The odds are better if you guess. You're guaranteed to get it wrong if you leave it blank. If you guess, you've got a 1 in 4 chance.
- If you are clueless, choose B or C. Studies show these are correct slightly more often than would be predicted by chance alone. This has not been verified with the pesticide certification exams however!
- You can always flip a coin!
- Budget your time. If you think you might not have enough time, then maybe set progress points in the beginning. Maybe after 1 hour, you want to be 1/3 of the way done. If you aren't then you might have to speed up a bit. Of course, you run the risk of making mistakes when you speed up. But if you don't have time to fill in an answer, you're going to miss those questions anyway.
Now some tips for answering exam questions.
- Read the entire question carefully! One little word can change the meaning.
- "Is" and "is not" – That little 3 letter word changes the whole meaning. It goes from positive to negative. "He loves me, he loves me not". Two very different things.
- "Always" and "never"
- "Best" and "worst" – You get the idea.
- Try to answer before looking at the options. Seeing similar choices in print before you think about the answer can cause you to second guess yourself. Suddenly EPA and USDA both look right.
- Read all possible choices first, then eliminate the obviously wrong ones.
- Look for a pattern in the choices.
- If 2 choices look similar, except for 1-2 words, odds are decent that one of them is the correct answer. Additionally, it could be that the words they differ by look or sound alike. For example, interference vs. interferon.
- If 2 choices mean the opposite, odds are that one of them is the correct answer and the "none/all of the above" choice is incorrect too.
- Dogs: a) are mammals, b) are not mammals. Either they are or they aren't.
- If 2 choices mean the same, odds are they are both incorrect.
- If one answer is more detailed or longer than the others, odds are it is the correct answer. On the other hand, beware of the extra-long or "jargony answers." These are often used as decoys.
- If given a wide range of numerical values, choosing a value at or near the middle is often a good guess.
- If you know one answer is correct but you aren't sure about the other two, don't be fooled into guessing "all of the above".
- For answers that say "all of the above," "none of the above," or "a and b but not c", treat each as a true/false question and relate it back to the main question. So look at each part separately and ask if it makes the sentence true, then eliminate anything that makes it false. In order for the answer to be "all of the above," all answers must apply totally. However, if you are still completely, absolutely stumped, "all of the above" will frequently be the correct answer.
- Eliminate choices not in the topic or area of the question. The terminology of these choices may come from another section. At first it may look like a viable option until you realize it has nothing to do with the question. Make sure the statement applies to the question.
- Go with your first instinct. Then move on quickly. If you've got time when you finish the exam, recheck your answers but don't second guess yourself and change a bunch of answers in the end. Studies show that your first instinct is usually correct. Change answers only if you have a good reason for doing so.
- Do not eliminate a possible answer just because the last 4 questions were also, "b" and you think what are the odds of 5 in a row? This is not a good reason to rule it out.
- Look for key words, which can help you focus in on what the question is really asking. You can't write in the test booklet but you can make a short list on scrap paper if needed.
- Look for clues in the question as to how many answers there are.
- "Which one of the following…" The answer is probably not "all of the above."
- "What factors…" Look for several answers. Keep in mind that each choice may include a couple of factors so you don't want to automatically pick "all of the above."
- Beware of descriptive words such as "sometimes," "always," "never," "only," "all," "none," "some," "many," "few," or "most." Such statements are highly restrictive and very difficult to defend. It's a strong statement to say that something always is something or something never is something. These are rarely correct options but sometimes could be. If you are flat out guessing, you might eliminate choices that have extreme words like always/never or all/none. Guarded statements tend to be correct more often than predicted by chance alone. These are statements like "may sometimes be" or "can occasionally result in".
- Often grammar can help you decide. Read the question with each answer. Does the answer read right or sound right? Does it flow? Does its wording fit the question's wording? If not, you can probably eliminate that answer.
- A versus an – The question ends in "an" so you know the answer should begin with a vowel.
- Subject and verb agreement – This can also help you find the answer or eliminate some choices.
Finally, some tips for calming your nerves.
- Don't panic when others finish before you. This is not a race.
- Relax. Breath deeply.
- Keep a positive attitude. Try to ignore the little voice in your head that's saying, "I'm failing, I'm failing." If it's the guy next to you saying it, maybe kick his chair to get him to snap out of it.
- If feeling anxious, take a break. Stretch, get a drink, sharpen your pencil or go to the bathroom.
- Chew gum or suck on hard candy. Of course you want to be quiet about it or the guy next to you will kick your chair. Be courteous. Your gum smacking could be sensory overload for someone within earshot.
- Do a shot before hand, but not several! For clarification, all the references I have do not advise this. However, this tactic has helped take the edge off for many a college student of legal drinking age.
- This is only a test. You have a 2nd chance and even a 3rd for the pesticide certification exams.
- If you suffer from test anxiety, there is help. There are good resources available. Anxiety is normal. Adrenaline gets you pumped up. But too much anxiety can also hurt you if you are short of breath or you just blank out or you are sweating all over your test and your pencil won't write.
- It might help to remember you are not alone. People take tests every day and even the smallest ones get experienced test takers worked up. This happened to me when I took the Demonstration &Research test once. How could I be nervous when I teach this stuff? It happens to the best of us.
After the test:
- Reward yourself.
- Don't dwell on mistakes. You can't change the past but you can learn from them.
- If you didn't pass, go back through your notes and mark the material that was covered on the exam. This will really help you for your 2nd attempt. You want to do this as soon as you can. The longer you wait, the less you'll remember. Focus your study efforts on areas you didn't do well on. Use all study materials available such as training clinics, workbooks, manuals, and online trainings. Study with coworkers.
Michelle Wiesbrook (mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org)
NEW EPA-required Paraquat training and additional use restrictions
On March 8, 2019, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced the availability of required training for certified applicators who use products that contain paraquat dichloride (also known as paraquat) as an active ingredient. According to the EPA announcement, the reason for these new restrictions is to help reduce accidental ingestion (a single sip can be fatal) and other exposures to the product. The announcement indicated that since 2000, 17 deaths have been caused by accidental ingestion of paraquat. Many of these deaths resulted from people illegally transferring the pesticide to beverage containers and the victim later mistaking it for a drink. In addition to the deaths by accidental ingestion, since 2000, three more deaths and many severe injuries have been caused by the pesticide getting onto the skin or into the eyes of those working with it.
Products that contain paraquat dichloride as an active ingredient may be known to growers under many brand names, e.g., Gramoxone, Firestorm, Helmquat, and Parazone.
Companies are required to have newly labeled product in the market after November 14, 2019 – some may produce and sell newly labeled product before that date.
The best advice still remains, read and follow the label directions on the product you are using, keep product in its original packaging, and NEVER put product in any type of food container - especially a drink container.
When purchasing the newly labeled product:
- Product may be mixed, loaded, or applied ONLY by certified applicator who has successfully completed the paraquat-specific training before use
- Application "under the direct supervision" of a certified applicator is NO LONGER allowed
- Training must be repeated every three years
The requirement for training is only one of several actions EPA has taken to prevent poisonings with new label changes including:
- Restricting the use of all paraquat products to certified applicators only
- Certified Applicator Statement (for mixers, loaders, & applicators)
- Clarifying toxicity in English and Spanish language formats
- New graphics and statement on the label:
- "DANGER-ONE SIP CAN KILL" and Skull and Crossbones symbol on the container
- A "product package safety requirements sticker" affixed to the container
- A "counter card" reiterating the same important warning information to be distributed with every container
- Plans for closed system packaging for containers less than 120 gallons
It is also important to note that:
- EPA is allowing the sale of paraquat that is already in the channels of trade, so some paraquat sold this growing season may NOT have the new training requirement on the label.
- If the new training requirement is listed on the label of the product they purchase, they MUST complete the training
- Growers that currently have a supply of paraquat that DOES NOT have the new labeling listing the required training ARE NOT required to complete the training.
- Pesticide Registrants will submit label changes and new product registrations for the closed system packaging by March 30, 2019, and will have 12 months from EPA's label approval date to adopt the closed system packaging
Additional information can be found at:https://www.epa.gov/pesticide-worker-safety/paraquat-dichloride-training-certified-applicators
Kerry Richards, PhD, Pesticide Safety Education Program Coordinator, University of Delaware