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University of Illinois Extension serving Jo Daviess, Stephenson and Winnebago Counties

Main Office (Stephenson County)
Building R, Highland Community College,
2998 W Pearl City Rd
Freeport, IL 61032
Phone: 815-235-4125
FAX: 815-232-9006
Hours: Monday - Friday 8 am to 4:30 pm

Branch Office (Jo Daviess County)
204 Vine, PO Box 600
Elizabeth, IL 61028
Phone: 815-858-2273
FAX: 815-858-2274

Branch Office (Winnebago County)
1040 North Second Street
Rockford, IL 61107
Phone: 815-986-4357
FAX: 815-986-4329
Hours: Monday - Friday 8:30 am to 4:30 pm

News Release

Drought in the Vegetable Garden


Vegetables cannot go dormant in times of drought like your typical lawn does, says University of Illinois Extension Horticulture Educator, Candice Miller. Therefore additional watering is necessary to sustain a productive vegetable garden in these times of drought.

In the vegetable garden, there are certain periods of growth in particular where having moisture is especially important. As a rule of thumb, water is most critical during the first few weeks of development, immediately after transplanting, and during flowering and fruit production.

Anytime there are fruits (squash, cucumber, eggplant, tomatoes for example) or pods being filled (peas, snap beans), water needs to be uniformly available. In addition, sweet corn requires even moisture from the time flowers (silks) are pollenated through kernel fill. Therefore, gardeners should be monitoring their garden right now to see what is producing fruit at all times in order to properly water.

Fortunately, there are a couple of practices gardeners can implement to help reduce the amount of watering needed in their gardens. Here are a couple of helpful watering tips that may be useful for vegetable gardeners in reducing their water use:

  • Water early in the morning to prevent water loss to evaporation and to avoid diseases.
  • Water where the roots are. Use a soaker hose to apply water directly at the base of the plant.
  • Water heavily and less often, as opposed to light, frequent waterings. This will encourage deep root growth.
  • Consider mulching to keep the soil moist and to eliminate evaporation.
  • Add compost to your soil to increase the soils' ability to hold in moisture.
  • Plant vegetables closer together to maximize space and water use.
  • Utilize a rain barrel to collect water for use in the garden (see our website for an upcoming Rain Barrel Workshop).

To stay up to date on the most recent drought information in this area, follow our Facebook page at and/or visit

For further questions, contact the Extension office or email Candice Miller, Extension Horticulture Educator, at

Source: Candice Miller, Extension Educator, Horticulture,