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Angie Peltier

Angie Peltier
Former Extension Educator, Commercial Agriculture

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Hill and Furrow

Current topics about crop production in Western Illinois, including field crops research at the NWIARDC in Monmouth.
Figure. Flowering henbit in a Western IL field (photo credit: Angie Peltier, April 22, 2016)

Timely weed management is essential

Posted by Angie Peltier - Weeds

Many may remember the 2015 growing season as the one in which the weeds took over in many Western Illinois soybean (and some corn) fields. Abnormally wet weather led to saturated soils that were impassible for long periods of time before post-emergence herbicides were applied. Weeds were extra thick in those fields that relied on a post-emergence-only weed management plan. Whatever the factors...

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Figure. Stripe rust in winter wheat, Madison County, IL, April 20, 2016 (photo credit: Robert Bellm).

Stripe Rust Observed in Madison County Wheat

Retired commercial agriculture Extension educator Robert Bellm observed stripe rust yesterday in several wheat fields in Madison County ( Figure ). Rust pathogens are obligate parasites, meaning that they need a living host in order to survive. Wind and rain systems from further south bring spores to our area. This is why rust sightings in states to the South and in S...

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Figure. Grain yield for continuous corn planted at four different planting dates in 2013, 2014 and 2015 (source: Brian Mansfield, Northwestern IL Ag R&D Center Research Agronomist).
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Trends in Continuous Corn and Corn-Soy Rotation Planting Dates

Although Twitter came alive this spring with reports of farmers near Pearl, IL (in Pike County) planting corn on March 8, and I spoke with a farmer in Knox County that planted corn on March 22, most people wait for the 'earliest plant' dates dictated by the USDA Risk Management Agency (RMA). RMA sets these dates based upon historical weather patterns, balancing the risks associated with frost a...

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Figure. Soil temperatures at the Northwestern IL Ag R&D Center in Monmouth, IL from March 1 through April 5, 2016 at 2 and 4 inch depth under bare soil and 4 inch depth under sod (data source: Water and Atmospheric Resources Monitoring Program. Illinois Climate Network. (2016). Illinois State Water Survey, 2204 Griffith Drive, Champaign, IL 61820-7495.)

Weather Summary and Soil Conditions - January through April 5, 2016

Posted by Angie Peltier - Weather

Precipitation. Although it may seem to be a rainy first quarter of 2016 as many of the more recent rain events are taking place at a time when spring field operations should be taking place, total precipitation at the Northwestern Illinois Agricultural Research and Demonstration Center in 2016 is ½ inch below normal (Table). Both January and February were more than 1 inch below...

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