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Angie Peltier

Angie Peltier
Former Extension Educator, Commercial Agriculture

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Hill and Furrow

Current topics about crop production in Western Illinois, including field crops research at the NWIARDC in Monmouth.
Crop Insurance
Image citation: Daren Mueller, Iowa State University,

Impacts of Saturated or Flooded (or Crusted) Soils on Crop Plants

The Northwestern Illinois Agricultural Research & Demonstration Center (NWIARDC) received 6.24 inches of rain in April, more than 3 inches of which fell over the last 5 days of the month. Relatively speaking the Monmouth area lucked out as further South, both Perry and Snicarte accumulated more than 5 inches, Belleville more than 6 inches, Rend Lake nearly 8 inches and Carbondale more than...

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Figure. Corn harvested at the Northwestern Illinois Ag R&D Center in Monmouth in 2016. Healthy corn is on the left and corn with Diplodia ear mold symptoms and signs is on the right. (Source: Marty Johnson, Senior Research Specialist)

Diplodia ear mold at harvest: What can be done now?

Diplodia Symptoms and Machinery Adjustments at Harvest. Diplodia ear mold can cause lightweight kernels with a dull grey to brownish color and sometimes small black structures call pycnidia ( Figure ). The infected kernels are prone to breakage and can result in poor test weights, poor grain quality and fine materials in the hopper or grain bin. Adjusting combine...

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U of I agricultural economists host free risk management webinar - Tuesday, Feb. 23, 8-9 AM

Join University of Illinois Extension agricultural economists for a free risk management webinar next Tuesday, February 23 rd from 8 to 9 AM. This webinar will focus on: crop insurance decisions, 2015 county-level ARC payment forecasts and managing risk in 2016. Preregistration is required to watch this webinar....

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farmdoc toolbox

Register for Regional Farm Bill Seminars to be held in January and February

Throughout January and February, University of Illinois Extension Agricultural Economists, in conjunction with the United States Department of Agriculture's Farm Services Agency and the Illinois Farm Bureau, will be holding 14 complimentary regional meetings to help walk people through the 2014 Farm Bill Commodity Support Programs, important decisions that need to be made before February and Ma...

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University of Illinois Ag Economists develop eTools to help producers make 2014-2018 crop insurance program decisions

The U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, Mr. Tom Vilsack released key information on the USDA website today regarding the Agricultural Risk Coverage (ARC) and Price Loss Coverage crop insurance programs in the 2014 Farm Bill. Among the new information is a group of eTools that can help corn and soybean produ...

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Figure. A picture of root lodging due to a combination of rootworm pruning damage, saturated soils and wind. See me in the background below the arrow for perspective.
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Wind + saturate soils = lodging: Will lodging affect grain dry-down and harvest?

At various locations throughout the state, the Illinois State Water Survey (ISWS) collects wind speed measurements using an instrument called an ultrasonic anemometer. This device measures the speed of airflow every 10 seconds. The ISWS collects the average wind speed for each hour of the day. They also note...

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Figure. Frequency of when last lethal frost occurred each spring in Monmouth, IL (1893-2013).
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A historical look at lethal soil temperatures

Each year as the first few warm spring days arrive, farmers begin gearing up to plant: checking over tractors and planters, arranging last-minute seed or input purchases, checking field conditions and checking the daily, short- and long-term weather forecasts for the region. According to University of Illinois Agricultural Economist Dr. Gary Schnitkey, on average seed is the second most...

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Figure. Front page of the 326 page Farm Bill or Agricultural Act of 2014.

Understanding the 2014 Farm Bill

The 2014 Farm Bill became federal law on February 7.  While employees at the federal United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Farm Services Agency (FSA) office work out the policies and details of the programs, FSA and university Extension employees are working to translate the law into plain English. Commodity crop producers...

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Figure. Daikon radish (6 lb/A) and annual ryegrass (8 lb/A) were aerially seeded into standing corn in a farm field near Altona in Knox County, IL on Sept. 13, 2013. This picture was taken 7 weeks after seeding. 
8 lb annual ryegrass/A
Seeded: 9/13/2013
7 weeks after planting

Cover Crops: U of I Research Project and Upcoming NRCS Webinar

Why the recent interest in cover crops? During the past several years, there has been a growing buzz about cover crops. Whether this was because producers were interested in experimenting with ways to reduce soil and nutrient loss, they were able to shoulder more risk(s) because of higher commodity prices, or state and federal conservation agencies were pushing cover crop use a...

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The 2013 Growing Season and Federal Crop Insurance Revenue Protection Products

I recently spoke with Mr. Shane Kaiser, a Crop Insurance Specialist in Monmouth, IL. He and other insurance professionals facilitate the purchase of federal crop insurance products at the local level.  Mr. Kaiser noted an increased interest in federal crop insurance products after last year's harvest due to a combination of the 2012 drought and high grain prices. Crop producers can purc...

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Figure. Drought conditions map released by the National Drought Mitigation Center (September 3, 2013). Key: White = normal, Yellow = abnormally dry, Tan = moderate drought, Orange = severe drought.
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August 2013 weather summary and 2013 harvest considerations

Weather summary. After the wet spring, June, July and August all saw precipitation totals much below the thirty year average ( Figure and Table ).  At the Northwestern Illinois Agricultural Research and Demonstration Center (NWIARDC) the last appreciable rainfall occurred at the end of July, with August precipitation totaling only 0.18 inches ( Table...

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Figure. Final planting date for corn in Illinois (Image: USDA-RMA).
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Prevented Planting and Federal Crop Insurance

The large rain events that occurred throughout western Illinois during May and the beginning of June has left many fields with standing water or saturated soil, leaving many intended corn acres unplanted. For those that purchased federal crop insurance the final date for planting corn was June 5th ( Figure ). The United States Department of Agriculture's Risk Management...

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List of 2013 NWIARDC Trials

Brian Mansfield and Marty Johnson, Research Agronomist and Research Specialist, respectively, recently compiled a list of the 2013 NWIARDC Research Trials . There will be a total o...

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Feb 11

FAST Training workshop - February 26th

The University of Illinois team of Agricultural Economists that develop the FARMdoc website and Farm Analysis Solution Tools (FAST) are coming to the Knox County Extension Office for a FAST training workshop. This workshop is designed to help farmers "make informed decisions using your computer and spreadsheet". Topics will focus on crop insurance, balance sheet and ratio analyses, and risk manage...

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farmdoc logo

FAST tools (Farm analysis solution tools) to help with 2013 crop rotation and insurance decisions

University of Illinois' Agricultural Economists that contribute to the farmdoc and farmdocDAILY websites have put together several useful tools to help in making financial decisions for your operation. These tools are called FAST tools , which stands for Farm Analysis Solution Tools and were developed with financial support...

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Winter Extension Programs

Researchers from the University of Illinois are poised to deliver timely research-based recommendations through conferences scheduled in several locations around the state of Illinois this winter. 2012 Farm Economics Summit - December 10 - 14, 2012 - Five locations The team of agricultural economists that brings you online economic information on...

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Figure. US Drought Monitor map released July 26th, 2012. Drought designations depend upon color: brick red = exceptional drought, D4; red = extreme drought, D3; orange = severe drought, D2; tan = moderate drought, D1.

Federal and State Programs to Help Livestock and Crop Producers

State and Federal Government Agencies have taken action to help alleviate some of the drought-related hardships that livestock and grain producers are experiencing. These include disaster recovery loans offered by the state of Illinois' Treasurers Office, the USDA Farm Services Agency (FSA) releasing certain conservation reserve program lands for emergency haying and grazing, and the USDA FSA Emer...

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Figure. If your corn looks like this, or if you suspect that you will sustain yield loss due to the drought, contact your insurance agent as soon as possible.

Crop Insurance Considerations

With the hot, dry weather that we have been experiencing in Western Illinois, and the lack of rain in the foreseeable forecast, crop insurance is likely on everyone's mind. If you don't have it, you likely wish you did, and if you do have it, you are likely wondering whether conditions will get bad enough that you will need to use it. On a trip last Thursday to Brownstown, IL, at the no...

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