Pamunkey -- Virginia State Soil
Pamunkey Soil Profile
|Pamunkey soils formed in stream terrace sediments in
the James River drainage basin of Virginia. These sediments were from every physiographic
province in the Virginia Common-wealth. The farm where the Pamunkey soils were first
identified is near Jamestown, Virginia. It is considered to be the oldest tilled farm in
the United States. The Jamestown historic farm is now in a conservancy program for
agricultural use by James City County.
It is very likely that the first settlers at Jamestown were able to survive because of the food they produced on these fertile soils. The Pamunkey Tribe and other Indian Tribes were the first people to recognize the natural ability of this soil to produce food. In recent years these soils have produced record yields of corn and wheat.
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