University of Illinois Extension
University of Illinois Extension - Selecting Trees for Your Home
American Hornbeam, Musclewood, Ironwood
Carpinus caroliniana
American Hornbeam form
Size: small
Size: medium

Exposure/ Light Requirements:
Full Shade required.
Full Shade
Full Sun required.
Full Sun
Partial Sun/Shade required.
Partial Sun/Shade
Pests and Problems:

Environmental Damage

Fungal Disease

Hardiness Zone: 4 - 8 
[Find Your Zone]
Mature Height: 20-30 Feet
Features: Crisp, green summer foliage; smooth gray bark and branches with a sinewy or muscled appearance; red-orange fall color.
Culture: Full sun to shade; best in moist soils, but tolerates both wet and dry sites; prefers slightly acid to neutral soil pH.
Mature Form: Rounded to broad-spreading
Native To: United States (and Illinois)
Soil Conditions:
Soil condition: DryDry
Soil condition: Moist, Well-DrainedMoist, Well-Drained
Soil condition: WetWet
Alkaline Soil
Tolerance: Dry SitesDry Sites
Soil Compaction
Tolerance: Wet SitesWet Sites
Tolerance: WindWind
Use for: Massing.Massing
Use for: Patio.Patio
Use for: Shade.Shade
Use for: Street.Street
Wind Break
Foliage Color: Green
Fall Foliage Color: Orange
Additional Notes: This is an understory tree in the forest so it is able to withstand a great deal of shade

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