University of Illinois Extension
University of Illinois Extension - Selecting Trees for Your Home
Capsicum annum L. var. annum



Exposure/ Light Requirements:
Full Shade not required.
Full Shade
Full Sun required.
Full Sun
Partial Sun/Shade not required.
Partial Sun/Shade
Pests and Problems:

Bacterial Disease

Environmental Damage

Fungal Disease

Herbicide Injury

Insect Damage


  • Cutworm
  • Grasshoppers
  • Wireworm
  • Leaf miner
  • Seed corn maggot
  • Pepper weevil
  • Corn earworm
  • Corn borer
  • Cabbage looper
  • Beet armyworm


  • Cercospora leaf spot (Cercospora capsici)
  • Soutern blight (Sclerotium rolfsii)
  • Blossom end rot (noninfectious)
  • Sunscald (noninfectious)
  • Virus diseases: Cucumber mosaic, Tobacco mosaic, Potato virus X, Potato virus Y, Tobacco Etch, and Alfalfa mosaic
Hardiness Zone:  
[Find Your Zone]
Culture: Peppers thrive in a well-drained, fertile soil that is well supplied with moisture. Use a starter fertilizer when transplanting. Apply supplemental fertilizer (side-dressing) after the first flush of peppers is set. Because a uniform moisture supply is essential with peppers, especially during the harvest season, irrigate during dry periods. Hot, dry winds and dry soil may prevent fruit set or cause abortion of small immature fruits.
  • Hybrid Bell: Bell Boy (70 days to harvest; goes green to red), Lady Bell (72 days; goes green to red), Purple Belle (70 days; immature purple, black to red), Chocolate Bell (75 days; green to chocolate brown)
  • Sweet Frying or Salad Type: Gypsy (65 days to harvest; pale yellow to orange to red), Sweet Banana (70 days; pale yellow to orange to red)
  • Hot Peppers: Cayenne, large thick (70 days to harvest) Cayenne, long, slim (73 days), Jalapeno (70 days), Red Chili (84 days)
Mature Form:
Native To:
Soil Conditions:
Soil condition: Moist, Well-DrainedMoist, Well-Drained
Alkaline Soil
Dry Sites
Soil Compaction
Wet Sites
Wind Break
Foliage Color:  
Fall Foliage Color:  
Additional Notes: Pepper is a tender, warm-season vegetable. Pepper plants require somewhat higher temperatures, grow more slowly and are smaller than most tomato plants. Brightly colored, sweet bell pepper varieties have recently burst onto the scene. A vast range of other garden peppers (pimiento, tabasco, cayenne, chili and paprika) may be grown for food, spices or as ornamentals. The sweet varieties of peppers, especially the bells, traditionally have been by far the most popular in the United States. They are eaten green or ripe and are used for salads, stuffing, soup, stews, relishes and pickling. New developments in color and form have done nothing to dull the popularity of sweet peppers. Hot pepper varieties have also enjoyed a rebirth of popularity recently, mainly due to various ethnic cuisines that use their unique flavors.

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